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5 Types of Stroke

5 Types of Stroke

Everyone knows that a stroke is a dangerous and serious condition that can lead to complete paralysis and disability, or death. Cerebrovascular accident (CVA), or as we used to say, stroke has different types, and each of them has its own causes, symptoms and consequences. If a person has CVA this can lead to a large number of serious consequences. If the patient is faced with such a problem, he should be urgently assisted in the near future. Doctors developed charts using abbreviations to help you identify the approach or presence of a stroke. If you suspect someone has had a stroke, call a doctor immediately to prevent serious consequences.

In this article, we will tell you more about the types of stroke, their causes and symptoms.

 

Different Types Of Stroke

Actually, stroke can be of several types, such as

  • Ischemic stroke;
  • Hemorrhagic stroke;
  • Transient Ischemic Attack (Mini-Stroke);
  • Brain stem stroke;
  • Cryptogenic stroke (stroke of unknown cause).

 

Warning Signs Of Stroke

To define a stroke, experts came up with the abbreviation F-A-S-T. Each of its letters is the first letter of the name of the stroke symptom. Let’s take a closer look at these symptoms:

  • F – Facial drooping. If a person has had a stroke, one side of their face will be drooping and may also be numb. If you ask a stroke patient to smile, his smile will be crooked or only one-sided.
  • A – Arm Weakness. Another symptom of a stroke is arm weakness and numbness. It usually only happens on one hand. If you ask a person having a stroke to raise both arms, they are likely to be able to raise only one arm.
  • S – speech problems. It becomes difficult for a patient with a stroke to speak, their speech is difficult to make out.
  • T – time to call 911: If you find one or even several of the above symptoms in yourself or your loved one, urgently call an ambulance. 

A stroke is a dangerous condition. The sooner the doctor examines the patient, the more chances the patient will have for a favorable outcome of the situation.

 

1. Ischemic Stroke – What Is It

Ischemic Stroke

A lot of people have heard about ischemic strokes but they don’t know what is an ischemic stroke. It is a dangerous condition that occurs when a blood vessel cannot supply blood to the patient’s brain due to a blockage in the form of a blood clot. Most strokes are ischemic.

 

What are the types of ischemic strokes?

There are two types of ischemic stroke: thrombotic and embolic.

  • Thrombotic stroke. This type of stroke is associated with a blood clot that appears in an artery that is responsible for supplying blood to the human brain.
  • Embolic strokes. Such a stroke occurs when in some part of the body a blood clot forms, which blocks the normal circulation of blood.

 

Who is at risk?

The presence of the following factors increases the risk of stroke:

  • Age over 60 years;
  • Presence of hypertension, high cholesterol or diabetes; high blood pressure, heart disease, – arrhythmia;
  • Smoking;
  • The presence of ischemic stroke in relatives;

 

What are the complications of ischemic strokes?

After a stroke, a patient can get complications. A stroke destroys brain cells. The more cells are damaged, the more serious the consequences can be. You can get complications. Stroke damages brain cells. Therefore, it is very important to get advice from a specialist who will determine the degree of brain damage and give recommendations on recovery.

If the complications of a stroke are not treated in time, the consequences may be as follows:

  • The accumulation of fluid in the brain, swelling and hemorrhage;
  • Convulsions;
  • Memory loss;
  • Difficulties in understanding people’s speech.

 

Symptoms, Causes And Treatment

The symptoms of an ischemic stroke depend on which part of the brain was affected. Most often, patients with ischemic stroke note the following symptoms:

  • Sudden numbness of a part of the body or face;
  • Weakness in any part of the body;
  • confusion;
  • Difficulties in speech and understanding the words of others;
  • Dizziness;
  • Problems related to the coordination of movement;
  • Gait changes;
  • Blurred vision or double vision.

 

Causes of ischemic strokes

The cause of ischemic stroke is plaque – a fatty substance. It accumulates in the arteries, which clogs the artery, preventing blood from circulating normally. This process is called atherosclerosis. When blood clots accumulate, the artery becomes blocked, causing an ischemic stroke.

There are several other causes of stroke, such as 

  • Atrial fibrillation;
  • Heart attack;
  • Poor functioning of the heart valve;
  • Damage to blood vessels in the neck;
  • Poor blood clotting.

 

Treatment

In fact, in this situation, the method of treatment for ischemic stroke depends on how severe the situation is and whether there are concomitant chronic diseases.

If medical attention is started within three hours of an attack, specialists may administer a drug such as tissue plasminogen activator (tPA). With it, you can destroy a blood clot. However, not every patient can start such treatment.

Also, specialists can carry out procedures to remove a blood clot or administer drugs that will help to do this.

 

2. Hemorrhagic Stroke – Why It’s So Dangerous

Hemorrhagic Stroke

A hemorrhagic stroke is another type of stroke that a patient may have. This type of stroke occurs due to bleeding in the brain, as a result of injury to nearby cells.

Experts note the existence of two types of hemorrhagic stroke. You can determine the type of hemorrhagic stroke by the area of bleeding.

 

Types of hemorrhagic strokes

  1. A subarachnoid hemorrhage affects the area between the patient’s brain and skull.
  2. Intracerebral hemorrhage is expressed as a hemorrhage inside the brain.

 

Who is at risk?

The presence of the following factors increases the likelihood of this type of stroke:

  • Age over 65;
  • High cholesterol;
  • Hypertension;
  • The presence of diabetes;
  • Obesity;
  • Having a stroke in the past;
  • The presence of a stroke in relatives;
  • Smoking;
  • Eating unhealthy food;
  • Lack of physical activity;
  • Complications after receiving a hemorrhagic stroke.

 

Complications of a stroke

  • Hemorrhagic stroke can have complications in the form of:
  • Convulsions;
  • Memory lapses;
  • Problems with thinking;
  • Heart disease.

 

Symptoms, Causes And Treatment

Symptoms of this condition usually worsen over a couple of minutes or hours, but subarachnoid hemorrhage can be quite sudden.

Among the symptoms, patients note:

  • Severe migraine;
  • Confusion;
  • Nausea or vomiting;
  • Increased sensitivity to light;
  • Visual impairment;
  • Loss of creation.

 

Causes of hemorrhagic strokes

Let us consider in more detail the reasons why this type of stroke can occur:

  • The presence of hypertension;
  • Head injury;
  • Poor blood clotting;
  • abnormal blood vessels (AVMs);
  • The patient has an aneurysm (a weak area in a vessel that can rupture).

 

Treatment

  • As a therapy in this case, drugs are used that can stop bleeding and reduce intracranial pressure. One of the methods of treatment may be surgery, which will help to avoid bleeding of the vessel in the future.
  • In addition to medications and surgery, a blood transfusion may be indicated to the patient.

 

3. Transient Ischemic Attack (TIA) – Mini Stroke

Transient Ischemic Attack

Ischemic forms of stroke can also be in the form of a “mini-stroke” or TIA, which stands for; transient ischemic attack.

A mini-stroke is a blockage of blood flow to the patient’s brain. Symptoms may disappear in a couple of minutes or a day.

A TIA can be a signal that a full-fledged stroke with traces may soon happen if you do not see a doctor in time.

 

Symptoms, Causes And Treatment

Symptoms of a such cva as mini-strokes may include:

  • Numbness on one side of the body;
  • Confusion;
  • Dizziness;
  • Loss of balance;
  • Speech problems;
  • Lack of understanding of the words of the interlocutor;
  • visual impairment;
  • Migraine.

 

A mini-stroke can occur due to the fact that the vessels that carry blood to the patient’s brain narrow. The formation of blood clots leads to a transient ischemic attack.

 

Causes of transient ischemic attack

  • Elderly age;
  • Hypertension, high cholesterol;
  • Diabetes;
  • Heart diseases;
  • Excess weight;
  • Smoking;
  • The presence of TIA in one of the relatives;
  • The presence of atrial fibrillation.

 

Treatment

In this type of stroke, the patient is given therapy to prevent future strokes. Drugs that can be used in this case are antiplatelet agents and anticoagulants.

Let’s take a closer look at these treatments

  • Taking the first type of medication helps prevent platelet aggregation and thus helps prevent a blood clot. Among the most popular drugs of this type are aspirin and clopidogrel.
  • The second type of drugs helps to reduce the amount of proteins responsible for blood clotting. Among the popular drugs of this type are warfarin and dabigatran.
  • Another treatment for this condition may be surgery to remove plaques in the carotid arteries, which are found in the neck.

 

4. Brain Stem Stroke – Stroke Without Warning Signs

Brain Stem Stroke

Among types of these conditions, patients can get brain strokes. It occurs in the brainstem of patients. It affects both sides of the body. If a brainstem stroke occurs to a patient, he may become paralyzed without the ability to speak or move any parts of the body below the neck. Let’s talk about this condition.

 

Symptoms, Causes And Treatment

Brain stem stroke symptoms may include:

  • Dizziness;
  • Violation of coordination of movement;
  • Double vision;
  • Difficulties with speech.
  • Violation of the functions of the central nervous system, which affects blood pressure and breathing;
  • Paralysis.

 

Causes of Brain Stem Stroke

Among the reasons that can cause this condition are:

  • The presence of blood clots;
  • Hemorrhages;
  • Damage to the artery due to sharp turns of the head or neck.

 

Treatment

In this condition, the patient may be prescribed therapy aimed at breaking up blood clots so that the blood can move normally through the vessels. Such drugs will be effective if administered within a few hours of the onset of a stroke.

 

5. Cryptogenic Stroke – Stroke Of Unknown Cause

Cryptogenic Stroke

Now we need to keep talking about stroke types and their symptoms and consider the next type. Cryptogenic stroke is a condition that occurs due to ischemia in the cerebral part of the brain. This kind of condition can lead the patient to disability if he is not treated in time.

 

Symptoms, Causes And Treatment

The main symptoms of this condition are:

  • Arrhythmia;
  • Chest pain;
  • Dizziness.

 

What causes cryptogenic stroke?

Possible causes of this type of stroke:

  • Arrhythmia;
  • Pathology of the cardiac structure;
  • Hardening of the arteries;
  • Poor blood clotting.

 

Treatment

Patients with this type of stroke usually have a combination of antiplatelet therapy and try to influence the factors that cause stroke in order to prevent a recurrent attack of cardioembolic origin.

 

Bottom Line 

A stroke is a dangerous condition that can lead to severe consequences. If you are at risk and want to consult a doctor, visit our clinic’s website. Call us at (214) 619-1910, and make an appointment.

We treat various neurological disorders such as:

 

It is not a complete list we can help with; our neurologists deal with many diseases.

Go to our website to read more about our clinic. Check out the blog with many helpful articles about different diseases, their diagnosis, and treatment.

 

FAQs 

  • What is the most common stroke type?

Most often, patients experience ischemic stroke. It occurs when blood clots or other particles block the vessels leading to the brain.

  • What are the early warning signs of a mini-stroke?

Among the first symptoms of a mini-stroke are weakness or numbness of the limbs or face on one side, speech problems, impaired coordination of movements, loss of balance, and a sharp drop in vision can be noted. In such cases, you should immediately call a doctor for first aid and start treatment.

  • How long does it take the body to recover from a stroke?

Experts say that six months after a stroke, the patient’s condition may improve. With a successful outcome, during this time, the patient’s condition becomes stable, and some even have a complete recovery.

  • Can I recognize and treat a stroke by myself?

If you suspect you have a stroke, you can recognize it by signs such as dizziness, migraine, sudden deterioration in vision, weakness of the limbs, unsteady gait, weakness and paralysis of any side of the face.

However, these symptoms may accompany other diseases, so do not try to diagnose yourself, and even more so it is strictly forbidden to try to cure a stroke on your own.

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Edward Medina
Edward Medina
15:34 30 Jun 22
Just such an amazing staff that makes you feel like part of their family. I’ve been going there for over 5 years now... and each visit I get the very best care and treatments that I have ever received in the 20+ years that I’ve been dealing with severe debilitating migraines. Since i started seeing them the number of my migraines has dropped from 15-20 a month to 2-3 every 3 month. I highly recommend them …they will change your life!read more
Daneisha Johnson
Daneisha Johnson
22:20 19 May 22
Dr. Askari was very kind and explained everything so I could understand. The other staff were nice as well. I would... have gave 5 stars but I was a little taken aback when I checked in and had to pay 600.00 upfront. I think that should have been discussed in a appointment confirmation call or email just so I could have been prepared.read more
Jean Cooper
Jean Cooper
16:54 29 Apr 22
I love the office staff they are friendly and very helpful. Dr. JODIE is very caring and understanding to your needs... and wants to help you. I will go back. would recommend Dr. Dr. Jodie to other Patients in a heart beat. The team works well together.read more
Linda M
Linda M
19:40 02 Apr 22
I was obviously stressed, needing to see a neurologist. The staff was so patient and Dr. Ansari was so kind. At one... point he told me to relax, we have time, when I was relaying my history of my condition. That helped ease my stress. I have seen 3 other neurologists and he was the only one who performed any assessment tests on my cognitive and physical skills. At one point I couldn't complete two assessments and got upset and cried. I was told, it's OK. That's why you're here. I was truly impressed, and super pleased with the whole experience!read more
Leslie Durham
Leslie Durham
15:05 01 Apr 22
I've been coming here for about 5 years. The staff are ALWAYS friendly and knowledgeable. The Doctors are the absolute... best!! Jodie Moore is always in such a great mood which is a plus when you are already stressed. Highly recommendedread more
Monica Del Bosque
Monica Del Bosque
14:13 25 Mar 22
Since my first post my thoughts have changed here. It's unfortunate. My doctor and PA were great, but the office staff... is horrible. They never call you back when they say they will, they misinform you, they cause you too much stress wondering what's going on, they don't keep you posted. They never answer the phone. At this point I've left four messages in the last week, and I have sent three messages. Twice from their portal and one direct email. No response. My appointment is on Monday morning at 8:30am, no confirmation on my insurance and what's going on. What the heck is going on, this is ridiculous!I've given up... the stress her office staff has put me through is just not worth it. You can do so much better, please clean house, either change out your office staff, or find a way for them to be more efficient please. You have to do something. This is not how you want to run your practice. It leaves a very bad impression on your business.read more
Ron Buckholz
Ron Buckholz
23:32 23 Mar 22
I was actually pleasantly surprised with this visit! It took me a long time to get the appointment scheduled because no... one answers your phones EVER! After a month, I finally got in, and your staff was warm, friendly, and I was totally impressed! I feel like you will take care of my needs!read more
Steve Nabavi
Steve Nabavi
16:28 16 Mar 22
It was a nice visit. Happy staff doing all they can do to comfort the patients in a very calming environment. You ask... me they are earned a big gold star on the fridge. My only complaint they didn't give me any cookies.read more
Katie Lewis
Katie Lewis
16:10 10 Feb 22
Had very positive appointments with Jodie and Dr. Sheth for my migraine care. Jodie was so fast with the injections and... has so much valuable info. I started to feel light headed during checkout and the staff was SO helpful—giving me a chair, water, and taking me into a private room until I felt better. Highly recommend this practice for migraine patients, they know what they’re doing!!read more
Joshua Martinez
Joshua Martinez
16:02 10 Dec 21
I was scheduled to be checked and just want to say that the staff was fantastic. They were kind and helpful. I was... asked many questions related to what was going on and not once did I feel as though I was being brushed off. The front desk staff was especially great in assisting me. I'm scheduled to go back for a mri and am glad that I'll be going there.read more
Isabel Ivy
Isabel Ivy
21:42 03 Nov 21
I had such a good experience with Lone Star Neurology, Brent my MRI Tech was so awesome and made sure I was very... comfortable during the appointment. He gave me ear plugs, a pillow, leg support and blanket, easiest MRI ever lol 🤣 My 72 hour EEG nurse Amanda was also so awesome. She made sure I was take care of over the 3 days and took her time with the electrodes to make sure it was comfortable for me! Paige was also a huge help in answering all my questions when it came to my test results, and letting me know her honest opinions about how I should go forth with my treatment.read more
Leslie Luce
Leslie Luce
17:37 20 Oct 21
The professionalism and want to help attitude of this office was present from the moment I contacted them. The follow... up and follow through as well as their willingness to find a way to schedule my dad was above and beyond. We visited two offices in the same day with the same experience. I am appreciative of this—we spend a lot of time with doctors and this was top notch start to finish.read more
robert Parker
robert Parker
16:38 16 Apr 21
I love going to this office. The staff is friendly and helpful. The doctor is great. I am getting the best... neurological tests and treatment I have ever had. The only reason I did not give them a 5 star rating is because it is impossible to reach a live person at the office to reschedule appointments. Every time I have tried to get through to the office it says all people are busy and I am sent to a voicemail. If they could get their phone answering fixed, I would give them a strong 5 stars.read more
MaryAnn Hornbaker
MaryAnn Hornbaker
00:26 25 Feb 21
Dr. Harney is an excellent Dr. I found him friendly , personable and thorough. I evidently am an unusual case. ... Therefore he spent a Hugh amount of time educating me. He even gave me literature to further explain my condition and how to follow up. This is something you rarely get from your doctors. So I am more than please with my doctor and his staff.read more
Roger Arguello
Roger Arguello
03:05 29 Jan 21
Always courteous, professional. The staff is very friendly and always work with you to find the best appointment time.... The care team has been great. Always taking the time to listen to your concerns and to find the best treatment.read more
Margaret Rowland
Margaret Rowland
01:12 27 Jan 21
I have been a patient at Lone Star Neurology for several years. Now both my adult daughters also are patients there. I... love Jodie. She is always so prompt whether it is a teleamed call are a visit in the office. She takes the time to explain everything to me and answers all my questions. I am so blessed to have Jodie as my doctor.read more
Susan Miller
Susan Miller
03:01 13 Jan 21
My husband had an accident 5 years ago and Lone Star Neurology has been such a blessing to us with my husbands care.... Jodie Moore is his provider and she is amazing! Jodie is very knowledgeable, caring, and thorough. She takes her time with you, making sure your needs are met and she is happy to answer any questions you may have. Lone Star Neurology’s patients are very lucky to have Jodie providing their care. Thank you Lone Star Neurology and especially Jodie for everything you have done for us. Jodie, you are the best!read more
Windalyn C
Windalyn C
01:32 09 Jan 21
Jodie is wonderful. She is very caring and knowledgeable. I have been to over a dozen neurologists, and none were able... to help me as much as they have here. Thanks!read more
Katie Kordel
Katie Kordel
00:40 09 Jan 21
Jodi Moore, nurse practitioner, is amazing. I have suffered from frequent, debilitating headaches for almost 20 years.... She has provided the best proactive and responsive care I have ever received. My quality of life has been greatly improved by her caring approach and tenacity in finding solutions.read more
Ellie Natsis
Ellie Natsis
15:41 07 Jan 21
I have had the best experience at this neurologist's office! For over a year I have been receiving iv treatments here... each month and my nurse, Bobbie is beyond wonderful!! She's so attentive, knowledgeable, caring, and detail oriented. She makes an otherwise uncomfortable experience much more pleasant and definitely puts me at ease! She also helps me with my insurance,ordering this specialty medication and dealing with the ordering process which is no easy feat.Needless to say, she goes above a beyond in every way and I'm so grateful to this office and to Bobbie for all they do for me!read more
Matt Morris
Matt Morris
15:39 07 Jan 21
Let me start by saying that I have been coming here for years. Due to my autoimmune disease, I am in this office... once every three weeks for multiple hours at a time. The office is very clean and the staff very friendly. My only complaint would be there communication via phone. They aren't the best at responding if you leave a voicemail and expect a call back. I understand that this is prob just due to the sheer number of alls they receive daily. What I can say I like the best about the office are the people. Bobby who handles my infusions is great. I never have any issues with her setting up my infusions. She is very quick to reply to messages sent via text and if she were to leave then my whole opinion of the office may change. I also enjoy people like Matt, Lauren, and Jodi. I appreciate all that they do for me and without this team I'm not sure I would be as happy as I am to visit the office as frequently as I have to. Please ensure that these folks are recognized as they are what makes my visit to this office so tolerable :).read more
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