Mon - Fri: 8:00AM - 5:00PM
Monday – Friday8:00AM - 5:00PM
Saturday Open for MRI
Sunday Closed
Migraine treatment same day as your first appointment.
Visit our Healow Portal
Visit our Healow Portal Call 214-619-1910
CALL 214-619-1910

Types of Movement Disorders

dr shukla neurologist tx
Medically reviewed by Dr. Shukla
Book appointment
dr shukla neurologist tx
Medically reviewed by Dr. Shukla

Movement disorders are conditions that affect a person’s ability to control movement. There are several types of them, each with its own symptoms. Some are relatively mild, while others can be very severe and debilitating. All these conditions have their own characteristics, symptoms and causes. 

In this article, we will explore the various types of movement disorders and discuss the treatments available for them. We hope this information will help you better understand these conditions and how they affect people’s lives.

Essential TremorEssential tremor

Essential tremor is a neurological disorder that causes involuntary and rhythmic shaking. It can affect any part of the body, but is most commonly felt in the hands, arms, head, or voice. 

According to various researchers, the prevalence of essential tremor ranges from 0.41 to 3.92% in the general population and increases significantly with age. In the age group: 

  • Over 60 years old, it ranges from 1.3 to 5.05%.
  • 85-94 years old – 9.9%.
  • And in the age group of patients over 95 years old – 21.7%.

In some ethnic groups, the prevalence of essential tremor may be higher than in the general population, and reach 7.3%

Symptoms typically begin in middle age and worsen with years. There is no cure for essential tremor, but treatment can help to improve symptoms.


  • Begin gradually, usually more prominently on one side of the body.
  • Worsen with movement.
  • Usually occur in the hands first, affecting one hand or both hands.
  • Can include a “yes-yes” or “no-no” motion of the head.
  • May be aggravated by emotional stress, fatigue, caffeine or temperature extremes.


The causes of essential tremor are unknown, but it is believed to be due to abnormalities in the central nervous system.



The core of this condition may be grasped from the term itself, which translates from Greek to disarray. It is a neurological condition characterized by a lack of coordination of muscular movements. It can impact any body part’s mobility, although it most usually affects the limbs and trunk. 

There are several kinds of this movement disorder. Some are more prevalent than others. Cerebral ataxia is the most prevalent kind of ataxia, which affects the cerebellum, a portion of the brain that governs movement. Other kinds are as follows:

  • Sensory ataxia is caused by nerve injury that travels from the sensory organs to the brain. 
  • Vestibular ataxia is caused by injury to the vestibular system, which is in charge of balance. 
  • Spinal ataxia is caused by spinal cord injury. 


Ataxia may be caused by a variety of conditions that damage the nervous system:

  • Stroke.
  • Cerebral palsy.
  • Multiple sclerosis.
  • Degenerative diseases such as Huntington’s disease and Friedreich’s ataxia

Many types of ataxia are genetic, meaning they are passed down in families.


The common symptoms are:

  • Poor coordination.
  • Walking unsteadily or with the feet set wide apart.
  • Poor balance.
  • Difficulty with fine motor tasks, such as eating, writing or buttoning a shirt.
  • Change in speech.
  • Involuntary back-and-forth eye movements (nystagmus).
  • Difficulty swallowing.

Parkinson’s Disease and Parkinsonism

parkinson's disease

Parkinson’s disease (PD) is a degenerative disorder of the central nervous system that often impairs the sufferer’s motor skills, speech, and other functions.

There are 5 stages of the disease:

  • Zero, initial stage. It is diagnosed under an extremely close medical examination, consultation and analysis. At this stage, there are no visible symptoms.
  • The first stage is characterized by the disorders of motor activity of one of the limbs.
  • Intermediate stage, which was added additionally. It affects the trunk and limb.
  • Second stage. To understand how the disease manifests itself, there is no need to visit a doctor. There are symptoms on the other side, but the person is stable in an upright position of the body.
  • Third stage. The patient is no longer able to keep the body fixed in space and control the limbs, but is capable of self-service. 
  • The fourth stage. The patient is able to move, walk, sit, but not without support.
  • The fifth is the last stage of Parkinson’s disease. Complete disability and confinement to the bed. The patient is unable to self-care.

Learn more about the stages of Parkinson’s disease in our blog. 


The most common symptom of PD is tremor. 

It is involuntary shaking of: 

  • The hands.
  • Arms.
  • Legs.
  • Head. 

Other symptoms may include stiffness of the limbs and trunk, slowness of movement, impaired balance and coordination, and changes in speech and handwriting.


The cause of PD is unknown, but it is believed to involve both genetic and environmental factors.

PD can be difficult to diagnose in its early stages, as symptoms may be mild or nonspecific. There is no cure for PD, but treatments are available to help relieve symptoms and improve quality of life. To change the situation, contact a movement disorder neurologist who specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of PD and other disorders of movement.



Dystonia is a movement disorder in which your muscles contract involuntarily, causing abnormal postures and repetitive motions. 

The etiology is classified as follows:

  • Hereditary: It has proven genetic origin (formerly known as primary) and includes disorders with autosomal dominant, autosomal recessive, mitochondrial, or X-linked inheritance.
  • Idiopathic: may be familial or sporadic.
  • Acquired: associated with neuroanatomical pathologies due to other disorders.


The symptoms vary depending on the types of dystonia, but may include:

  • Muscle spasms.
  • Twisting and repetitive movements.
  • Uncontrollable blinking.
  • Drooling.


Dystonia can be caused by a combination of hereditary factors, trauma, and other disorders. Medication, botulinum toxin injections, and deep brain stimulation are all treatment possibilities.

If you or a loved one are experiencing these symptoms, it is critical that you consult with a movement disorder neurologist to receive an appropriate diagnosis and treatment plan. Movement disorders are complicated and necessitate the services of a specialist.

Restless Legs Syndrome

restless legs syndrome

Restless legs syndrome (RLS) is a disorder that causes an uncontrollable urge to move your legs. This urge is usually accompanied by a tingling sensation in your legs. You may also experience burning, throbbing, or creeping sensations.

Restless legs syndrome (RLS) is a neurological sleep disorder characterized by movement of the legs during sleep or rest. Patients experience an overwhelming need to move their legs due to discomfort or discomfort in the legs. Symptoms occur during periods of low activity, usually in the evening or at night. This syndrome is also known as Willis-Ekbom disease.

RLS can interfere with or disrupt sleep. Treatment involves lifestyle changes to relieve symptoms and improve sleep quality. Some patients may also need medication.


The primary symptom of restless legs syndrome is the irresistible urge to move your legs. The sensation is often described as:

  • Uncomfortable.
  • Aching.
  • Itchy.
  • Tingling.
  • Burning.
  • Creeping.

They typically begin when you’re at rest, such as when you’re sitting in a movie theater or lying in bed at night. The urge to move often improves with movement. For instance, you may feel better after taking a walk or stretching your legs.


The cause of restless legs syndrome is unknown in most cases. However, there appears to be a link between the condition and iron deficiency. Other possible causes include pregnancy, kidney failure, and certain neurological conditions.

There is no cure for restless legs syndrome. However, treatments can help relieve the symptoms.

Tourette Syndrome

tourette syndrome

Tourette syndrome is a neurological disorder that causes people to make sudden, uncontrolled movements or sounds (called tics). The disorder is named for French doctor Georges Gilles de la Tourette, who first described it in 1885.

Tourette syndrome can be mild or severe. 

  • In mild cases, tics occur only occasionally and do not interfere with a person’s ability to function. 
  • In severe cases, tics can be constant and can interfere with a person’s ability to speak, write, or perform simple tasks.

Most people with Tourette syndrome develop the condition in childhood. The disorder is more common in boys than in girls.

There is no cure for Tourette syndrome, but treatments can help lessen the frequency and severity of tics.


The main symptom of Tourette syndrome is tics. Tics are sudden, uncontrollable movements or sounds that people make over and over again.

Tics can be:

  • Motor tics, which involve movement.
  • Vocal tics, which involve sounds.
  • Simple tics, which involve only one muscle group.
  • Complex tics, which involve more than one muscle group.

Tics can occur in any part of the body. Common motor tics include:

  • Eye blinking.
  • Head jerking.
  • Shoulder shrugging.
  • Foot tapping.

Common vocal tics include:

  • Grunting.
  • Coughing.
  • Throat clearing.
  • Sniffing.
  • Yelling.
  • Saying words or phrases over and over again (called palilalia).


The exact cause of Tourette syndrome is unknown. It is believed to be caused by a combination of genetic and environmental factors.

Tourette syndrome runs in families, so it is thought that genes may play a role in the disorder. Researchers have identified several genes that may be involved in the development of Tourette syndrome.

Progressive Supranuclear Palsyа

progressive supranuclear palsyа

Progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP) is a rare degenerative brain dysfunction that affects movement, control of walking (gait) and balance, and eye movements. Early onset and a progressive course are characteristic features of the disease. The average age of onset is around 60 years, but the range is wide, from the early 40s to the late 80s. The disorder is more common in men than women.

PSP generally follows one of two types of clinical courses.The first and most common type features a gradual onset over several years, with progressive worsening of symptoms and eventual confinement to bed. The second type features a more sudden onset, with a more rapid progression of symptoms.


The most common symptom of PSP is problems with eye movements, including difficulty looking up and down (vertical gaze palsy). 

Other early symptoms may include slurred speech, dysphagia (difficulty swallowing), and changes in personality or cognition. As the disease progresses, patients may experience falls, freezing of gait, and rigidity.


The cause of PSP is currently unknown. However, the disease is believed to be caused by a combination of genetic and environmental factors. There is no known cure for PSP. However, treatments for movement disorder are available to help manage symptoms and improve quality of life.

A movement disorder neurologist can diagnose PSP based on a review of symptoms and medical history, a neurological exam, and imaging tests. There is no one specific test for PSP. However, brain imaging (MRI or CT scan) may show some abnormalities in the brainstem or basal ganglia.

Multiple System Atrophy

multiple system atrophy

Multisystem atrophy is a neurological degenerative illness. It is linked to nerve cell degeneration in certain parts of the brain. This cellular degeneration impairs mobility, balance, and other autonomic processes of the body such as urine control and blood pressure management.

This syndrome’s causes are unclear, and no particular risk factors have been discovered. Approximately 55% of cases occur in men between the ages of 50 and 60. MSA is a progressive disease, which means that symptoms intensify over time. The pace of advancement differs across individuals. MSA typically leads to death within 10 years of diagnosis.


MSA is characterized by three main types of symptoms:

  • Autonomic: problems with blood pressure, heart rate, sweating, bowel and  bladder function.
  • Motor: problems with movement, coordination, and balance.
  • Cognitive: problems with thinking, memory, and judgment.


There is no known cause of MSA, but it is thought to be caused by a combination of genetic and environmental factors. There is no cure for MSA, but there are treatments available to help manage symptoms.

Huntington’s Diseasehuntington’s disease

Huntington’s disease is a type of movement disorder that affects the brain. It is an autosomal dominant disease characterized by the development of chorea, neuropsychiatric symptoms, and progressive cognitive impairment, usually beginning in middle age. It can be diagnosed by genetic testing. First-degree relatives should be offered genetic counseling prior to receiving genetic test results. Treatment is supportive.


The main symptom of Huntington’s disease is involuntary movements, or chorea. Chorea can involve any muscle in the body and can make it difficult to perform everyday tasks such as walking, eating, and dressing.


The cause of Huntington’s disease is a mutation in the Huntington’s gene. This gene mutation is passed down from parent to child. If you have a parent with Huntington’s disease, you have a 50% chance of inheriting the disease.

Treating Movement DisordersTreatment of movement disorders

Movement disorders are a class of neurological illnesses characterized by abnormal movement. Parkinson’s disease, dystonia, and tremor are the most frequent forms of movement disorders. Movement difficulties can be caused by brain or nerve issues, as well as other medical illnesses.

Medication, surgery, or other therapies can be used to treat the majority of movement problems. Some movement disorders, such as Parkinson’s disease, can be treated with dietary and lifestyle adjustments. If you have this problem, you should seek therapy from a neurologist or other movement disorder expert.

Bottom Line 

It is very important to take care of our health, but those who are not professionals cannot do it. To do this correctly, consider Lone Star Neurology. The company offers the best possible care to its patients. Among the diseases treated by the company:

You can always contact our experts for high-quality support. To do this, simply fill in the required lines in the message form and wait for a reply. You will then receive specialized advice and solutions.


  • Can movement disorders be cured?

In many cases, movement disorders cannot be cured, and the goal of treatment is to minimize symptoms and relieve pain. Some are severe and progressive, impairing your ability to move and speak.

  • What are the signs of movement disorder?

Signs and symptoms of movement disorders vary depending on the underlying cause. In general, signs and symptoms of movement disorders include problems with physical coordination, trouble walking, episodes of uncontrolled movements (such as during a seizure), muscle weakness, twitching, or muscle spasm.

  • How is movement disorder diagnosed?

Your doctor will do a physical exam with a neurological assessment. The doctor will also check your muscle control and reflexes to help diagnose your condition. 

  • Who can help with movement disorders?

A movement disorder specialist is a neurologist with additional training in Parkinson’s disease and other movement disorders. This type of doctor typically has extensive knowledge of Parkinson’s therapies and ongoing research.

Remember that self-medication can be dangerous and can lead to a variety of complications and poor health.

1 Star2 Stars3 Stars4 Stars5 Stars (No Ratings Yet)
Be the first to write a review
Lone Star Neurology
Based on 905 reviews
powered by Google
Edward Medina
Edward Medina
15:34 30 Jun 22
Just such an amazing staff that makes you feel like part of their family. I’ve been going there for over 5 years now... and each visit I get the very best care and treatments that I have ever received in the 20+ years that I’ve been dealing with severe debilitating migraines. Since i started seeing them the number of my migraines has dropped from 15-20 a month to 2-3 every 3 month. I highly recommend them …they will change your life!read more
Daneisha Johnson
Daneisha Johnson
22:20 19 May 22
Dr. Askari was very kind and explained everything so I could understand. The other staff were nice as well. I would... have gave 5 stars but I was a little taken aback when I checked in and had to pay 600.00 upfront. I think that should have been discussed in a appointment confirmation call or email just so I could have been more
Jean Cooper
Jean Cooper
16:54 29 Apr 22
I love the office staff they are friendly and very helpful. Dr. JODIE is very caring and understanding to your needs... and wants to help you. I will go back. would recommend Dr. Dr. Jodie to other Patients in a heart beat. The team works well more
Linda M
Linda M
19:40 02 Apr 22
I was obviously stressed, needing to see a neurologist. The staff was so patient and Dr. Ansari was so kind. At one... point he told me to relax, we have time, when I was relaying my history of my condition. That helped ease my stress. I have seen 3 other neurologists and he was the only one who performed any assessment tests on my cognitive and physical skills. At one point I couldn't complete two assessments and got upset and cried. I was told, it's OK. That's why you're here. I was truly impressed, and super pleased with the whole experience!read more
Leslie Durham
Leslie Durham
15:05 01 Apr 22
I've been coming here for about 5 years. The staff are ALWAYS friendly and knowledgeable. The Doctors are the absolute... best!! Jodie Moore is always in such a great mood which is a plus when you are already stressed. Highly recommendedread more
Monica Del Bosque
Monica Del Bosque
14:13 25 Mar 22
Since my first post my thoughts have changed here. It's unfortunate. My doctor and PA were great, but the office staff... is horrible. They never call you back when they say they will, they misinform you, they cause you too much stress wondering what's going on, they don't keep you posted. They never answer the phone. At this point I've left four messages in the last week, and I have sent three messages. Twice from their portal and one direct email. No response. My appointment is on Monday morning at 8:30am, no confirmation on my insurance and what's going on. What the heck is going on, this is ridiculous!I've given up... the stress her office staff has put me through is just not worth it. You can do so much better, please clean house, either change out your office staff, or find a way for them to be more efficient please. You have to do something. This is not how you want to run your practice. It leaves a very bad impression on your more
Ron Buckholz
Ron Buckholz
23:32 23 Mar 22
I was actually pleasantly surprised with this visit! It took me a long time to get the appointment scheduled because no... one answers your phones EVER! After a month, I finally got in, and your staff was warm, friendly, and I was totally impressed! I feel like you will take care of my needs!read more
Steve Nabavi
Steve Nabavi
16:28 16 Mar 22
It was a nice visit. Happy staff doing all they can do to comfort the patients in a very calming environment. You ask... me they are earned a big gold star on the fridge. My only complaint they didn't give me any more
Katie Lewis
Katie Lewis
16:10 10 Feb 22
Had very positive appointments with Jodie and Dr. Sheth for my migraine care. Jodie was so fast with the injections and... has so much valuable info. I started to feel light headed during checkout and the staff was SO helpful—giving me a chair, water, and taking me into a private room until I felt better. Highly recommend this practice for migraine patients, they know what they’re doing!!read more
Joshua Martinez
Joshua Martinez
16:02 10 Dec 21
I was scheduled to be checked and just want to say that the staff was fantastic. They were kind and helpful. I was... asked many questions related to what was going on and not once did I feel as though I was being brushed off. The front desk staff was especially great in assisting me. I'm scheduled to go back for a mri and am glad that I'll be going more
Isabel Ivy
Isabel Ivy
21:42 03 Nov 21
I had such a good experience with Lone Star Neurology, Brent my MRI Tech was so awesome and made sure I was very... comfortable during the appointment. He gave me ear plugs, a pillow, leg support and blanket, easiest MRI ever lol 🤣 My 72 hour EEG nurse Amanda was also so awesome. She made sure I was take care of over the 3 days and took her time with the electrodes to make sure it was comfortable for me! Paige was also a huge help in answering all my questions when it came to my test results, and letting me know her honest opinions about how I should go forth with my more
Leslie Luce
Leslie Luce
17:37 20 Oct 21
The professionalism and want to help attitude of this office was present from the moment I contacted them. The follow... up and follow through as well as their willingness to find a way to schedule my dad was above and beyond. We visited two offices in the same day with the same experience. I am appreciative of this—we spend a lot of time with doctors and this was top notch start to more
robert Parker
robert Parker
16:38 16 Apr 21
I love going to this office. The staff is friendly and helpful. The doctor is great. I am getting the best... neurological tests and treatment I have ever had. The only reason I did not give them a 5 star rating is because it is impossible to reach a live person at the office to reschedule appointments. Every time I have tried to get through to the office it says all people are busy and I am sent to a voicemail. If they could get their phone answering fixed, I would give them a strong 5 more
MaryAnn Hornbaker
MaryAnn Hornbaker
00:26 25 Feb 21
Dr. Harney is an excellent Dr. I found him friendly , personable and thorough. I evidently am an unusual case. ... Therefore he spent a Hugh amount of time educating me. He even gave me literature to further explain my condition and how to follow up. This is something you rarely get from your doctors. So I am more than please with my doctor and his more
Roger Arguello
Roger Arguello
03:05 29 Jan 21
Always courteous, professional. The staff is very friendly and always work with you to find the best appointment time.... The care team has been great. Always taking the time to listen to your concerns and to find the best more
Margaret Rowland
Margaret Rowland
01:12 27 Jan 21
I have been a patient at Lone Star Neurology for several years. Now both my adult daughters also are patients there. I... love Jodie. She is always so prompt whether it is a teleamed call are a visit in the office. She takes the time to explain everything to me and answers all my questions. I am so blessed to have Jodie as my more
Susan Miller
Susan Miller
03:01 13 Jan 21
My husband had an accident 5 years ago and Lone Star Neurology has been such a blessing to us with my husbands care.... Jodie Moore is his provider and she is amazing! Jodie is very knowledgeable, caring, and thorough. She takes her time with you, making sure your needs are met and she is happy to answer any questions you may have. Lone Star Neurology’s patients are very lucky to have Jodie providing their care. Thank you Lone Star Neurology and especially Jodie for everything you have done for us. Jodie, you are the best!read more
Windalyn C
Windalyn C
01:32 09 Jan 21
Jodie is wonderful. She is very caring and knowledgeable. I have been to over a dozen neurologists, and none were able... to help me as much as they have here. Thanks!read more
Katie Kordel
Katie Kordel
00:40 09 Jan 21
Jodi Moore, nurse practitioner, is amazing. I have suffered from frequent, debilitating headaches for almost 20 years.... She has provided the best proactive and responsive care I have ever received. My quality of life has been greatly improved by her caring approach and tenacity in finding more
Ellie Natsis
Ellie Natsis
15:41 07 Jan 21
I have had the best experience at this neurologist's office! For over a year I have been receiving iv treatments here... each month and my nurse, Bobbie is beyond wonderful!! She's so attentive, knowledgeable, caring, and detail oriented. She makes an otherwise uncomfortable experience much more pleasant and definitely puts me at ease! She also helps me with my insurance,ordering this specialty medication and dealing with the ordering process which is no easy feat.Needless to say, she goes above a beyond in every way and I'm so grateful to this office and to Bobbie for all they do for me!read more
Matt Morris
Matt Morris
15:39 07 Jan 21
Let me start by saying that I have been coming here for years. Due to my autoimmune disease, I am in this office... once every three weeks for multiple hours at a time. The office is very clean and the staff very friendly. My only complaint would be there communication via phone. They aren't the best at responding if you leave a voicemail and expect a call back. I understand that this is prob just due to the sheer number of alls they receive daily. What I can say I like the best about the office are the people. Bobby who handles my infusions is great. I never have any issues with her setting up my infusions. She is very quick to reply to messages sent via text and if she were to leave then my whole opinion of the office may change. I also enjoy people like Matt, Lauren, and Jodi. I appreciate all that they do for me and without this team I'm not sure I would be as happy as I am to visit the office as frequently as I have to. Please ensure that these folks are recognized as they are what makes my visit to this office so tolerable :).read more
More reviews

Please, leave your review


Write a comment:

Book appointment