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What Causes Insomnia? Causes in Men and Women

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Medically reviewed by Dr. Shukla
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dr shukla neurologist tx
Medically reviewed by Dr. Shukla

Occasional sleep disturbances are, as a rule, reported by 10 to 30% of the general population. The prevalence of the problem increases with age. Older people have insomnia, and there are many reasons for this. About 10-15% of the world’s population has insomnia, almost every 10 inhabitant. The problem is common, and the cause is often the simplest of things, which we will discuss next. Many patients do not pay attention or try to cope with the disease alone. As a result, a persistent sleep disorder develops – chronic insomnia, which is difficult to treat and causes many health problems. The patient should seek initial consultation with a general practitioner in such a condition to determine the insomnia causes. Doctors conduct comprehensive therapy, including the most effective pharmacological drugs. They reduce sleep disturbance, physiotherapeutic procedures, modern reflexology methods, and psychotherapy. Read on, in more detail, about this problem.

Causes of Insomnia in Males

Men have insomnia less often, as they are less likely to consult a doctor and have a more stable psychotype. Nevertheless, insomnia in men is a phenomenon of our modern world that we cannot discount. Insomnia has a huge negative impact on the body:

  • Mental functioning is usually impaired (memory and memorization ability decreases, depression develops)
  • Daily functioning is impaired (a person is unable to perform the usual daily activities).
  • Impaired control and concentration of attention occur. It is especially dangerous for those who drive a vehicle. Their work is always associated with increased control and responsibility for the lives of others.
  • The occurrence of somatic diseases is typical for an insomniac person. Sleep deprivation has a connection linked to cardiovascular diseases.

Lack of sleep over a long period can cause irreparable damage to health. Therefore, it is necessary to understand the main causes of insomnia in men, eliminating which can return a full sleep. Read below to discover more about the causes of insomnia in males.

Hormonal disorders

Hormonal imbalances, such as low testosterone levels, can disrupt sleep patterns in men. Conditions like hypogonadism or even age-related hormonal changes may lead to insomnia. Testosterone plays a role in regulating sleep. Its deficiency can result in difficulties falling and staying asleep. This potentially contributes to insomnia in males.

Products with caffeinе

Consumption of caffeine-containing products can interfere with sleep in males. Coffee, tea, or energy drinks, particularly in the late afternoon or evening, worsen the situation. Caffeine is a stimulant that increases alertness and can lead to difficulties initiating sleep. It is a common contributor to insomnia, especially when consumed excessively or near bedtime.

Use of gadgets before bedtime

The use of electronic gadgets like smartphones, tablets, or computers before bedtime can be one of the causes of insomnia in males. The blue light emitted by these devices can suppress melatonin production. It disrupts the body’s natural sleep-wake cycle and makes it harder to fall asleep.

Excessive physical activity

Engaging in vigorous physical activity close to bedtime can raise:

  • adrenaline levels;
  • body temperature. 

So, it is challenging to unwind and fall asleep. While exercise is generally beneficial for sleep, doing it too close to bedtime may lead to male insomnia.

Stressful situations

Stressful situations can contribute to insomnia in males. It can be work-related pressures, financial worries, or personal concerns. Elevated stress levels can result in racing thoughts and anxiety. So relaxing and initiating sleep becomes difficult. Effective stress management techniques are essential to mitigate this cause of insomnia in males.

a man sits on a bed and suffers from insomnia

Causes of Insomnia in Females

Unfortunately, insomnia has become a common phenomenon in our era of high technology and accelerated rhythm of life. As our life is full of constant worries and concerns. In women, insomnia is more common. This is due to evolutionary features (the female brain is more susceptible to high sounds reminiscent of a baby’s crying. Excessive emotionality often prevents women from sleeping). Sleep disturbance can also consist of frequent waking and shallow sleep. Insomnia in women often develops against pregnancy, stress, and negative life events. Also, sleep problems can lead to regular evening viewing of negative programs and scary movies in an insomniac person. When you have insomnia, visiting a specialist is crucial because it can lead to mental disorders that cause somatic diseases. Insomnia in women is a very common phenomenon, which has a connection to the hormonal and emotional features of the weaker sex. Sleep disturbance can:

  • negatively affect all body systems;
  • significantly reduce functioning;
  • worsen general well-being. 

What are the reasons that provoke the occurrence of insomnia in women? Read below about the causes of insomnia in males.

Prolonged worry and stress

These are the most common causes of insomnia in women:

  • daily negative impressions;
  • conflicts in the family;
  • material problems;
  • difficulties in relationships with loved ones and children;
  • changes in life associated with moving;
  • changes in family status affect sleep quality.

Emotional tension

Emotional tension, including anxiety, depression, and relationship issues, can disrupt sleep in females. These emotional stressors often lead to racing thoughts and heightened arousal. So relaxing and initiating sleep becomes challenging. But it is not only about negative experiences. Joyful events such as an upcoming wedding, a long-awaited meeting, or falling in love can provoke sleep disorders.

Time zone change and work schedule

Shift work, irregular work schedules, or frequent time zone changes can disturb the body’s natural sleep-wake cycle. So, females become an insomniac person. These disruptions can lead to circadian rhythm disturbances. So, a woman can’t achieve restorative sleep.

Somatic diseases

Somatic diseases are potential causes of insomnia in females. It can be:

  • chronic pain conditions;
  • hormonal disorders like polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS). 

Pain or discomfort from these conditions can lead to:

  • frequent awakenings;
  • difficulty staying asleep.

All neurological diseases and direct trauma to the skull and spine form a negative symptomatology. It goes along with multiple sleep disturbances. Fibromyalgia, migraines, and other similar conditions often cause insomnia.

a woman is sitting on a bed and suffers from insomnia

Profile of an Insomniac Person

An insomniac typically experiences ongoing difficulties in falling or staying asleep. It leads to a persistent lack of restorative rest. The specific characteristics of an insomniac can vary widely. However, a profile of such an individual often includes several common traits and experiences.

Firstly, insomniacs frequently report a heightened level of stress and anxiety. There are common manifestations of the emotional turmoil that often accompanies insomnia:

  • racing thoughts;
  • worries;
  • an inability to relax mentally.  

Additionally, insomniacs may display irregular sleep patterns, including:

  • frequent awakenings during the night;
  • difficulty returning to sleep. 

They may also spend excessive time in bed, trying to compensate for lost sleep, which can further exacerbate the problem.

Furthermore, lifestyle factors can play a significant role. Insomniac persons may have irregular work schedules. They engage in activities that disrupt their circadian rhythms (such as late-night screen use). They can consume stimulants like caffeine or nicotine close to bedtime.

The profile of an insomniac person has the profound impact of sleep deprivation on their physical and emotional health. It highlights the importance of seeking effective treatments and strategies.

Treatment and Prevention

In order to achieve a positive effect from the therapy, we recommended a comprehensive treatment of insomnia in women. At Lone Star Neurology, after determining the causes of insomnia, the following methods can be good in combinations:

  • Medication (antidepressants, anxiolytics, insomnia drugs of the latest generation).
  • Course of psychotherapy.
  • Additional psychotherapeutic techniques.
  • In the presence of organic or neurological problems, it is observation and treatment by a specialized doctor. conservative or surgical treatment. In any case, if the cause of insomnia is bodily, the psychiatrist continues to support the patient. The doctor monitors her psychological state during treatment.

Treatment of insomnia in men is usually prescribed only after a doctor finds the exact causes of the sleep disorder. We use the most modern techniques to treat insomnia:

If causes insomnia in men occur due to stress, drug treatment may be good in combination with psychotherapeutic techniques:

  • Suppose insomnia is due to sleep hygiene disorders. Coffee, alcohol, fatty food, gadgets, or physical exercises before bedtime. In that case, recommendations for lifestyle changes are given. And psychoeducational talks are conducted as part of a psychotherapeutic course.
  • The doctor does diagnosis and observation in case of insomnia due to somatic and neurological diseases. It goes t in combination with medication, and psychotherapeutic treatment is prescribed.



In conclusion, understanding the causes of insomnia in both men and women is crucial. Medics need it to develop effective solutions to improve sleep quality. While factors like hormonal disorders, caffeine consumption, gadget use, physical activity, and stress can impact both genders, recognizing the unique triggers and vulnerabilities specific to each can lead to more personalized and successful interventions. If you or a loved one is an insomniac person, seeking guidance from healthcare professionals is vital. Lone Star Neurology offers expert services to address sleep disorders. We provide comprehensive solutions for a good night’s sleep. Don’t let insomnia disrupt your life. Take the first step towards better sleep with Lone Star Neurology’s specialized care.


What are the common causes of insomnia?

Common causes of insomnia include stress, anxiety, lifestyle factors, medical conditions, and environmental influences.

How do causes of insomnia differ between men and women?

Causes of insomnia may differ between men and women due to hormonal factors, stressors, and lifestyle variations, but many common causes apply to both genders.

Are there specific treatments for males and females?

Insomnia treatments are generally not gender-specific, primarily targeting underlying causes and sleep hygiene practices. However, treatment plans may be tailored to individual needs regardless of gender.

Is age a common factor in insomnia?

Yes, age can be a contributing factor to insomnia. As individuals age, changes in sleep patterns and altered circadian rhythms can lead to sleep disturbances and insomnia. However, insomnia can affect people of all age groups.

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Edward Medina
Edward Medina
15:34 30 Jun 22
Just such an amazing staff that makes you feel like part of their family. I’ve been going there for over 5 years now... and each visit I get the very best care and treatments that I have ever received in the 20+ years that I’ve been dealing with severe debilitating migraines. Since i started seeing them the number of my migraines has dropped from 15-20 a month to 2-3 every 3 month. I highly recommend them …they will change your life!read more
Daneisha Johnson
Daneisha Johnson
22:20 19 May 22
Dr. Askari was very kind and explained everything so I could understand. The other staff were nice as well. I would... have gave 5 stars but I was a little taken aback when I checked in and had to pay 600.00 upfront. I think that should have been discussed in a appointment confirmation call or email just so I could have been more
Jean Cooper
Jean Cooper
16:54 29 Apr 22
I love the office staff they are friendly and very helpful. Dr. JODIE is very caring and understanding to your needs... and wants to help you. I will go back. would recommend Dr. Dr. Jodie to other Patients in a heart beat. The team works well more
Linda M
Linda M
19:40 02 Apr 22
I was obviously stressed, needing to see a neurologist. The staff was so patient and Dr. Ansari was so kind. At one... point he told me to relax, we have time, when I was relaying my history of my condition. That helped ease my stress. I have seen 3 other neurologists and he was the only one who performed any assessment tests on my cognitive and physical skills. At one point I couldn't complete two assessments and got upset and cried. I was told, it's OK. That's why you're here. I was truly impressed, and super pleased with the whole experience!read more
Leslie Durham
Leslie Durham
15:05 01 Apr 22
I've been coming here for about 5 years. The staff are ALWAYS friendly and knowledgeable. The Doctors are the absolute... best!! Jodie Moore is always in such a great mood which is a plus when you are already stressed. Highly recommendedread more
Monica Del Bosque
Monica Del Bosque
14:13 25 Mar 22
Since my first post my thoughts have changed here. It's unfortunate. My doctor and PA were great, but the office staff... is horrible. They never call you back when they say they will, they misinform you, they cause you too much stress wondering what's going on, they don't keep you posted. They never answer the phone. At this point I've left four messages in the last week, and I have sent three messages. Twice from their portal and one direct email. No response. My appointment is on Monday morning at 8:30am, no confirmation on my insurance and what's going on. What the heck is going on, this is ridiculous!I've given up... the stress her office staff has put me through is just not worth it. You can do so much better, please clean house, either change out your office staff, or find a way for them to be more efficient please. You have to do something. This is not how you want to run your practice. It leaves a very bad impression on your more
Ron Buckholz
Ron Buckholz
23:32 23 Mar 22
I was actually pleasantly surprised with this visit! It took me a long time to get the appointment scheduled because no... one answers your phones EVER! After a month, I finally got in, and your staff was warm, friendly, and I was totally impressed! I feel like you will take care of my needs!read more
Steve Nabavi
Steve Nabavi
16:28 16 Mar 22
It was a nice visit. Happy staff doing all they can do to comfort the patients in a very calming environment. You ask... me they are earned a big gold star on the fridge. My only complaint they didn't give me any more
Katie Lewis
Katie Lewis
16:10 10 Feb 22
Had very positive appointments with Jodie and Dr. Sheth for my migraine care. Jodie was so fast with the injections and... has so much valuable info. I started to feel light headed during checkout and the staff was SO helpful—giving me a chair, water, and taking me into a private room until I felt better. Highly recommend this practice for migraine patients, they know what they’re doing!!read more
Joshua Martinez
Joshua Martinez
16:02 10 Dec 21
I was scheduled to be checked and just want to say that the staff was fantastic. They were kind and helpful. I was... asked many questions related to what was going on and not once did I feel as though I was being brushed off. The front desk staff was especially great in assisting me. I'm scheduled to go back for a mri and am glad that I'll be going more
Isabel Ivy
Isabel Ivy
21:42 03 Nov 21
I had such a good experience with Lone Star Neurology, Brent my MRI Tech was so awesome and made sure I was very... comfortable during the appointment. He gave me ear plugs, a pillow, leg support and blanket, easiest MRI ever lol 🤣 My 72 hour EEG nurse Amanda was also so awesome. She made sure I was take care of over the 3 days and took her time with the electrodes to make sure it was comfortable for me! Paige was also a huge help in answering all my questions when it came to my test results, and letting me know her honest opinions about how I should go forth with my more
Leslie Luce
Leslie Luce
17:37 20 Oct 21
The professionalism and want to help attitude of this office was present from the moment I contacted them. The follow... up and follow through as well as their willingness to find a way to schedule my dad was above and beyond. We visited two offices in the same day with the same experience. I am appreciative of this—we spend a lot of time with doctors and this was top notch start to more
robert Parker
robert Parker
16:38 16 Apr 21
I love going to this office. The staff is friendly and helpful. The doctor is great. I am getting the best... neurological tests and treatment I have ever had. The only reason I did not give them a 5 star rating is because it is impossible to reach a live person at the office to reschedule appointments. Every time I have tried to get through to the office it says all people are busy and I am sent to a voicemail. If they could get their phone answering fixed, I would give them a strong 5 more
MaryAnn Hornbaker
MaryAnn Hornbaker
00:26 25 Feb 21
Dr. Harney is an excellent Dr. I found him friendly , personable and thorough. I evidently am an unusual case. ... Therefore he spent a Hugh amount of time educating me. He even gave me literature to further explain my condition and how to follow up. This is something you rarely get from your doctors. So I am more than please with my doctor and his more
Roger Arguello
Roger Arguello
03:05 29 Jan 21
Always courteous, professional. The staff is very friendly and always work with you to find the best appointment time.... The care team has been great. Always taking the time to listen to your concerns and to find the best more
Margaret Rowland
Margaret Rowland
01:12 27 Jan 21
I have been a patient at Lone Star Neurology for several years. Now both my adult daughters also are patients there. I... love Jodie. She is always so prompt whether it is a teleamed call are a visit in the office. She takes the time to explain everything to me and answers all my questions. I am so blessed to have Jodie as my more
Susan Miller
Susan Miller
03:01 13 Jan 21
My husband had an accident 5 years ago and Lone Star Neurology has been such a blessing to us with my husbands care.... Jodie Moore is his provider and she is amazing! Jodie is very knowledgeable, caring, and thorough. She takes her time with you, making sure your needs are met and she is happy to answer any questions you may have. Lone Star Neurology’s patients are very lucky to have Jodie providing their care. Thank you Lone Star Neurology and especially Jodie for everything you have done for us. Jodie, you are the best!read more
Windalyn C
Windalyn C
01:32 09 Jan 21
Jodie is wonderful. She is very caring and knowledgeable. I have been to over a dozen neurologists, and none were able... to help me as much as they have here. Thanks!read more
Katie Kordel
Katie Kordel
00:40 09 Jan 21
Jodi Moore, nurse practitioner, is amazing. I have suffered from frequent, debilitating headaches for almost 20 years.... She has provided the best proactive and responsive care I have ever received. My quality of life has been greatly improved by her caring approach and tenacity in finding more
Ellie Natsis
Ellie Natsis
15:41 07 Jan 21
I have had the best experience at this neurologist's office! For over a year I have been receiving iv treatments here... each month and my nurse, Bobbie is beyond wonderful!! She's so attentive, knowledgeable, caring, and detail oriented. She makes an otherwise uncomfortable experience much more pleasant and definitely puts me at ease! She also helps me with my insurance,ordering this specialty medication and dealing with the ordering process which is no easy feat.Needless to say, she goes above a beyond in every way and I'm so grateful to this office and to Bobbie for all they do for me!read more
Matt Morris
Matt Morris
15:39 07 Jan 21
Let me start by saying that I have been coming here for years. Due to my autoimmune disease, I am in this office... once every three weeks for multiple hours at a time. The office is very clean and the staff very friendly. My only complaint would be there communication via phone. They aren't the best at responding if you leave a voicemail and expect a call back. I understand that this is prob just due to the sheer number of alls they receive daily. What I can say I like the best about the office are the people. Bobby who handles my infusions is great. I never have any issues with her setting up my infusions. She is very quick to reply to messages sent via text and if she were to leave then my whole opinion of the office may change. I also enjoy people like Matt, Lauren, and Jodi. I appreciate all that they do for me and without this team I'm not sure I would be as happy as I am to visit the office as frequently as I have to. Please ensure that these folks are recognized as they are what makes my visit to this office so tolerable :).read more
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