Mon - Fri: 8:00AM - 5:00PM
Monday – Friday8:00AM - 5:00PM
Saturday Open for MRI
Sunday Closed
Migraine treatment same day as your first appointment.
Visit our Healow Portal
Visit our Healow Portal Call 214-619-1910
CALL 214-619-1910

Genetic Neurological Disorders in Adults

Sandeep Dhanyamraju MD
Medically reviewed by Sandeep Dhanyamraju
Book appointment
Sandeep Dhanyamraju MD
Medically reviewed by Sandeep Dhanyamraju

Some neurological diseases are inherited. Among the most common inherited neurological disorders are the following:

  • Alzheimer’s disease;
  • Epilepsy;
  • Huntington’s disease;
  • Dyslexia;
  • Parkinson’s disease;
  • Tourette’s syndrome;
  • Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis.

A lot of these genetic conditions are severe for patients. Some of them gradually lead to the loss of the ability to perform the necessary things independently. Also, they can lead to cognitive impairment and the loss of the ability to think adequately.

The fact that these diseases are genetic does not make them mandatory in human life. Note that lifestyle and environment also play a role in the occurrence of these diseases.

To prevent these diseases, maintain a healthy lifestyle and avoid stress.

In this article, we will take a closer look at some neurogenetic disorders.


Alzheimer’s Disease


alzheimer's patient near the window

Alzheimer’s disease is a progressive neurogenetic disease. In this disease, the patient’s brain shrinks, and the cells die. This disease often causes dementia – a permanent decline in cognitive abilities. Approximately 5.8 million people over 65 in the USA have Alzheimer’s disease.

Symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease include the following:

  • Memory impairment;
  • Asking the same questions;
  • Loss of things;
  • Forgetfulness of names;
  • Poor orientation in space;
  • Change in personality and behavior;
  • Apathy;
  • Depression;
  • Unwillingness to communicate with people;
  • Mood swings;
  • Distrust of others;
  • Irritability and aggressiveness;
  • Deterioration in the quality of sleep;
  • Difficulties with swallowing and chewing.

Among the causes of Alzheimer’s disease there is a combination of genetic factors, lifestyle, and environmental factors.

Drugs can improve the patient’s condition and slow the progression of symptoms. Prompt medical attention can reduce the impact of symptoms on a patient’s life. Unfortunately, at the moment, there is no cure for it. In the later stages of Alzheimer’s disease, patients may suffer from dehydration, starvation, or infections. These problems often lead to death. Therefore, patients with Alzheimer’s disease need the care and support of loved ones.



Epilepsy is one of the next genetic illnesses. It is a disorder of the central nervous system. In this disorder, brain activity becomes abnormal, causing seizures or periods of unusual behavior and loss of consciousness.

Potentially, anyone can experience epilepsy. This disorder affects both men and women of various ages.

Each patient may have individual symptoms of epilepsy. Some may just stare blankly at the wall. Other patients fall to the ground and start twitching their arms and legs. If you have experienced one seizure, this does not mean you have epilepsy. Making this diagnosis requires at least two attacks without provoking them. Also, there should not be a break of more than 24 hours between these attacks.



The cause of epilepsy is abnormal brain activity. Therefore, seizures can affect any process that coordinates the human brain. Symptoms can vary, but most often, patients may experience the following symptoms:

  • Temporary confusion;
  • Muscle tension;
  • Uncontrollable spasms of extremities;
  • Loss of consciousness;
  • Fear or anxiety.

Epilepsy is usually treated with drugs or surgery. Some patients have to deal with this disorder for the rest of their lives. Another part of patients successfully get rid of epilepsy and live a full life.


Huntington’s Disease

Huntington’s disease is one of the rare hereditary genetic problems. It causes the destruction of nerve cells in the brain. This disease significantly affects a person’s functionality and leads to several disorders associated with behavior, thinking, and physical activity.

Symptoms of this disease can appear at any time in life. However, as a rule, they often appear at 30-40 years old. In some cases, this disease develops before the age of 20. In this case, doctors call it “juvenile Huntington’s disease.” If a patient at a young age faces this disease, his symptoms may differ. In this case, the disease can proceed more quickly.

huntingtons patient

Symptoms of Huntington’s disease may include:

  • Involuntary twitches;
  • Muscle stiffness or contracture;
  • Slow or unusual eye movements;
  • Gait, posture, and balance disorders;
  • Difficulty speaking or swallowing;
  • Voluntary movement disorders;
  • Cognitive disorders;
  • Difficulty organizing, prioritizing or focusing on tasks;
  • Lack of flexibility or a tendency to dwell on thoughts;
  • Lack of control over impulses;
  • Slowness in thought processing;
  • Difficulties with processing the received information;
  • Feeling irritable, sad, or numb;
  • Social isolation;
  • Insomnia;
  • Fatigue and loss of energy;
  • Frequent thoughts of death, dying, or suicide;
  • Tight and rigid muscles that affect gait;
  • Tremor or slight involuntary movements;
  • Frequent falls or clumsiness;
  • Convulsions.

A number of drugs can be used to treat Huntington’s disease. But the treatment does little to prevent physical, mental, and behavioral deterioration.



Dyslexia is also related to genetic defects. It’s a learning disorder. It includes reading difficulties due to problems identifying speech sounds. Also, this is due to a misunderstanding of how they correlate letters and words. This disorder is also called reading disorder. It is due to individual differences in the brain’s areas responsible for processing speech.

This disorder is not associated with problems of intelligence or vision. Most children with this disorder can do well in school in parallel tutoring or a special program. Also, for such children, necessary support in the family.

woman with dyslexia

As a rule, dyslexia is diagnosed when the child has started school. However, signs of dyslexia may be noticeable earlier. So, the most common symptoms of dyslexia can be:

  • Late talk;
  • Slow learning of new words;
  • Problems with the correct formation of words;
  • Problems remembering information;
  • Difficult bad reading;
  • Difficulty answering questions;
  • Difficult finding differences and similarities in letters;
  • Inability to voice the pronunciation of an unfamiliar word.

There is no specific treatment for dyslexia. But the task of parents is to detect reading problems in a child in time. They should consult a doctor and start solving this problem as early as possible. Sometimes such a problem is diagnosed in adulthood because the patient did not go to the doctor. 


Parkinson’s Disease

Parkinson’s disease is a progressive genetic illness that affects the nervous system. It affects the human nervous system and some parts of the body that control the nerves. Symptoms of this disease in patients appear rather slowly. Early in the disease, patients may experience trembling in one hand. It can then progress to tremors, stiffness, and slowness of movement.

At the onset of Parkinson’s disease, patients may have mild facial expressions. The patient’s arms may then stop swinging while walking. The patient’s speech becomes incomprehensible. As time passes, the symptoms of Parkinson’s disease begin to worsen.

parkinson's tremor

Symptoms of Parkinson’s disease:

  • Tremor;
  • Slow movements;
  • Muscle tension;
  • Violation of posture;
  • Loss of balance;
  • Loss of automatic movements;
  • Deterioration of speech;
  • Difficulties in handwriting.

At this moment, Parkinson’s disease is incurable. However, drugs can help alleviate the patient’s condition. In some situations, the doctor may recommend surgery. It can help to correct the functioning of certain brain areas.


Tourette’s Syndrome

Tourette syndrome is also related to genetic defects. This disorder consists of repetitive movements or unwanted sounds. It is difficult for a patient with this disorder to control these symptoms. For example, a person with Tourette’s syndrome may repeatedly blink, twitch their shoulders, or yell swear words.

woman with tourettes syndrome

Most often, the symptoms of this disorder appear at the age of six. In men, this syndrome occurs four times more often than in women.

Among the symptoms of Tourette’s syndrome, doctors can note the tics. They can be in the form of twitching of the eyes, eyebrows, and hands. Another form of these tics is vocal. A patient suffering from this syndrome may involuntarily shout out words or insults.

Currently, there is no cure for Tourette’s syndrome. However, some medications can alleviate the patient’s condition. In addition, if the patient is not too worried about the symptoms, he may not treat this syndrome. The symptoms of Tourette’s syndrome subside after adolescence.


Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis 

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis is also called ALS. It is one of the progressive genetic conditions of the nervous system. It affects the nerve cells of the brain and spinal cord. The consequence of this disease is loss of muscle control.

Studies do not say the exact cause of the occurrence of this disease. There are known cases of its transmission by inheritance.

This disease begins with muscle twitching, weakness in the body, and slurred speech. Then, the patient cannot control the muscles needed to perform elementary actions.

woman with als

The symptoms of this disease are the following:

  • Difficulty walking;
  • Falls on a flat surface;
  • Weakness in the legs, feet, or ankles;
  • Weakness in the arms;
  • Slurred speech;
  • Problems with swallowing;
  • Convulsions;
  • Jerking of body parts;
  • Inappropriate crying, laughing, or yawning;
  • Behavior changes;
  • Deterioration of cognitive abilities.

This disease is fatal, and unfortunately, there is no cure for it.


Bottom Line 

Thus, we have considered some genetic neurological illnesses. But if a person’s relatives had any of these diseases does not mean that he will necessarily have it. Lifestyle, stress, and the environment also play an essential role in the occurrence of these diseases. As a preventive measure for these diseases, it is necessary to adhere to proper nutrition, have a good night’s sleep, engage in physical activity, and contact other people.

You should consult a doctor if you or your relatives have a neurological disease. Our clinic helps patients to detect diseases even at early stages thanks to our highly qualified specialists. Also, we use high-quality equipment for detailed diagnostics of patients. Make an appointment with a neurologist right now: 214-619-1910.



  • What is the most common neurologic disorder?

Headaches are the most common neurological disorder. Headaches come in various forms, such as migraine, cluster headaches, and tension headaches. Headache can be both a sign of fatigue and a symptom of serious illness.

  • Can genetic tests detect neurological problems?

Genetic tests can diagnose many neurological disorders. Doctors can recommend genetic testing in the early stages of diagnostics.

  • Are you born with neurological disorders?

Some neurological diseases are congenital. They may occur before birth. But in some situations, these diseases can appear as a result of the tumor. Also, it can be a degeneration, injury, or infection. In any case, neurological diseases result from damage to the nervous system.

  • What is the rarest neurological disorder?

Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) is the rarest neurological disease. It affects the human bone marrow. This disease gets one person per million annually worldwide.

1 Star2 Stars3 Stars4 Stars5 Stars (No Ratings Yet)
Be the first to write a review
Lone Star Neurology
Based on 905 reviews
powered by Google
Edward Medina
Edward Medina
15:34 30 Jun 22
Just such an amazing staff that makes you feel like part of their family. I’ve been going there for over 5 years now... and each visit I get the very best care and treatments that I have ever received in the 20+ years that I’ve been dealing with severe debilitating migraines. Since i started seeing them the number of my migraines has dropped from 15-20 a month to 2-3 every 3 month. I highly recommend them …they will change your life!read more
Daneisha Johnson
Daneisha Johnson
22:20 19 May 22
Dr. Askari was very kind and explained everything so I could understand. The other staff were nice as well. I would... have gave 5 stars but I was a little taken aback when I checked in and had to pay 600.00 upfront. I think that should have been discussed in a appointment confirmation call or email just so I could have been more
Jean Cooper
Jean Cooper
16:54 29 Apr 22
I love the office staff they are friendly and very helpful. Dr. JODIE is very caring and understanding to your needs... and wants to help you. I will go back. would recommend Dr. Dr. Jodie to other Patients in a heart beat. The team works well more
Linda M
Linda M
19:40 02 Apr 22
I was obviously stressed, needing to see a neurologist. The staff was so patient and Dr. Ansari was so kind. At one... point he told me to relax, we have time, when I was relaying my history of my condition. That helped ease my stress. I have seen 3 other neurologists and he was the only one who performed any assessment tests on my cognitive and physical skills. At one point I couldn't complete two assessments and got upset and cried. I was told, it's OK. That's why you're here. I was truly impressed, and super pleased with the whole experience!read more
Leslie Durham
Leslie Durham
15:05 01 Apr 22
I've been coming here for about 5 years. The staff are ALWAYS friendly and knowledgeable. The Doctors are the absolute... best!! Jodie Moore is always in such a great mood which is a plus when you are already stressed. Highly recommendedread more
Monica Del Bosque
Monica Del Bosque
14:13 25 Mar 22
Since my first post my thoughts have changed here. It's unfortunate. My doctor and PA were great, but the office staff... is horrible. They never call you back when they say they will, they misinform you, they cause you too much stress wondering what's going on, they don't keep you posted. They never answer the phone. At this point I've left four messages in the last week, and I have sent three messages. Twice from their portal and one direct email. No response. My appointment is on Monday morning at 8:30am, no confirmation on my insurance and what's going on. What the heck is going on, this is ridiculous!I've given up... the stress her office staff has put me through is just not worth it. You can do so much better, please clean house, either change out your office staff, or find a way for them to be more efficient please. You have to do something. This is not how you want to run your practice. It leaves a very bad impression on your more
Ron Buckholz
Ron Buckholz
23:32 23 Mar 22
I was actually pleasantly surprised with this visit! It took me a long time to get the appointment scheduled because no... one answers your phones EVER! After a month, I finally got in, and your staff was warm, friendly, and I was totally impressed! I feel like you will take care of my needs!read more
Steve Nabavi
Steve Nabavi
16:28 16 Mar 22
It was a nice visit. Happy staff doing all they can do to comfort the patients in a very calming environment. You ask... me they are earned a big gold star on the fridge. My only complaint they didn't give me any more
Katie Lewis
Katie Lewis
16:10 10 Feb 22
Had very positive appointments with Jodie and Dr. Sheth for my migraine care. Jodie was so fast with the injections and... has so much valuable info. I started to feel light headed during checkout and the staff was SO helpful—giving me a chair, water, and taking me into a private room until I felt better. Highly recommend this practice for migraine patients, they know what they’re doing!!read more
Joshua Martinez
Joshua Martinez
16:02 10 Dec 21
I was scheduled to be checked and just want to say that the staff was fantastic. They were kind and helpful. I was... asked many questions related to what was going on and not once did I feel as though I was being brushed off. The front desk staff was especially great in assisting me. I'm scheduled to go back for a mri and am glad that I'll be going more
Isabel Ivy
Isabel Ivy
21:42 03 Nov 21
I had such a good experience with Lone Star Neurology, Brent my MRI Tech was so awesome and made sure I was very... comfortable during the appointment. He gave me ear plugs, a pillow, leg support and blanket, easiest MRI ever lol 🤣 My 72 hour EEG nurse Amanda was also so awesome. She made sure I was take care of over the 3 days and took her time with the electrodes to make sure it was comfortable for me! Paige was also a huge help in answering all my questions when it came to my test results, and letting me know her honest opinions about how I should go forth with my more
Leslie Luce
Leslie Luce
17:37 20 Oct 21
The professionalism and want to help attitude of this office was present from the moment I contacted them. The follow... up and follow through as well as their willingness to find a way to schedule my dad was above and beyond. We visited two offices in the same day with the same experience. I am appreciative of this—we spend a lot of time with doctors and this was top notch start to more
robert Parker
robert Parker
16:38 16 Apr 21
I love going to this office. The staff is friendly and helpful. The doctor is great. I am getting the best... neurological tests and treatment I have ever had. The only reason I did not give them a 5 star rating is because it is impossible to reach a live person at the office to reschedule appointments. Every time I have tried to get through to the office it says all people are busy and I am sent to a voicemail. If they could get their phone answering fixed, I would give them a strong 5 more
MaryAnn Hornbaker
MaryAnn Hornbaker
00:26 25 Feb 21
Dr. Harney is an excellent Dr. I found him friendly , personable and thorough. I evidently am an unusual case. ... Therefore he spent a Hugh amount of time educating me. He even gave me literature to further explain my condition and how to follow up. This is something you rarely get from your doctors. So I am more than please with my doctor and his more
Roger Arguello
Roger Arguello
03:05 29 Jan 21
Always courteous, professional. The staff is very friendly and always work with you to find the best appointment time.... The care team has been great. Always taking the time to listen to your concerns and to find the best more
Margaret Rowland
Margaret Rowland
01:12 27 Jan 21
I have been a patient at Lone Star Neurology for several years. Now both my adult daughters also are patients there. I... love Jodie. She is always so prompt whether it is a teleamed call are a visit in the office. She takes the time to explain everything to me and answers all my questions. I am so blessed to have Jodie as my more
Susan Miller
Susan Miller
03:01 13 Jan 21
My husband had an accident 5 years ago and Lone Star Neurology has been such a blessing to us with my husbands care.... Jodie Moore is his provider and she is amazing! Jodie is very knowledgeable, caring, and thorough. She takes her time with you, making sure your needs are met and she is happy to answer any questions you may have. Lone Star Neurology’s patients are very lucky to have Jodie providing their care. Thank you Lone Star Neurology and especially Jodie for everything you have done for us. Jodie, you are the best!read more
Windalyn C
Windalyn C
01:32 09 Jan 21
Jodie is wonderful. She is very caring and knowledgeable. I have been to over a dozen neurologists, and none were able... to help me as much as they have here. Thanks!read more
Katie Kordel
Katie Kordel
00:40 09 Jan 21
Jodi Moore, nurse practitioner, is amazing. I have suffered from frequent, debilitating headaches for almost 20 years.... She has provided the best proactive and responsive care I have ever received. My quality of life has been greatly improved by her caring approach and tenacity in finding more
Ellie Natsis
Ellie Natsis
15:41 07 Jan 21
I have had the best experience at this neurologist's office! For over a year I have been receiving iv treatments here... each month and my nurse, Bobbie is beyond wonderful!! She's so attentive, knowledgeable, caring, and detail oriented. She makes an otherwise uncomfortable experience much more pleasant and definitely puts me at ease! She also helps me with my insurance,ordering this specialty medication and dealing with the ordering process which is no easy feat.Needless to say, she goes above a beyond in every way and I'm so grateful to this office and to Bobbie for all they do for me!read more
Matt Morris
Matt Morris
15:39 07 Jan 21
Let me start by saying that I have been coming here for years. Due to my autoimmune disease, I am in this office... once every three weeks for multiple hours at a time. The office is very clean and the staff very friendly. My only complaint would be there communication via phone. They aren't the best at responding if you leave a voicemail and expect a call back. I understand that this is prob just due to the sheer number of alls they receive daily. What I can say I like the best about the office are the people. Bobby who handles my infusions is great. I never have any issues with her setting up my infusions. She is very quick to reply to messages sent via text and if she were to leave then my whole opinion of the office may change. I also enjoy people like Matt, Lauren, and Jodi. I appreciate all that they do for me and without this team I'm not sure I would be as happy as I am to visit the office as frequently as I have to. Please ensure that these folks are recognized as they are what makes my visit to this office so tolerable :).read more
More reviews

Please, leave your review


Write a comment:

Book appointment