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Dyslexia: Diagnosis and Treatment

Sandeep Dhanyamraju MD
Medically reviewed by Sandeep Dhanyamraju
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Sandeep Dhanyamraju MD
Medically reviewed by Sandeep Dhanyamraju

Dyslexia is one of the most common learning disabilities impacting reading, writing, and spelling skills. A comprehensive evaluation based on reading, writing, and spelling skills will help to exclude these conditions and confirm a diagnosis of dyslexia. The goal of the evaluation is to identify strengths and weaknesses to create a plan for accommodations or interventions to help an individual manage their disorder.

It cannot be cured but can be managed with the right treatment plan. The treatment options include tutoring, accommodations in school, and dyslexia therapy. It is estimated that it affects 5-17% of the population, a relatively common condition. This condition occurs in individuals who have normal intelligence and normal vision. With the proper support, people with dyslexia can succeed in their education and careers. This blog post will provide an overview of dyslexia, including its diagnosis and treatment options.  

How is Dyslexia Diagnosed

The diagnosis is based on a combination of factors. This evaluation includes testing for reading, writing, spelling skills, and processing speed. It can also assess IQ, achievement, and cognitive abilities. In some cases, neuropsychological testing may be used to evaluate brain function. A diagnosis of dyslexia is usually made after considering all of this information. Although there is no cure for this disorder, early identification and intervention can help lessen its impact. 

How is dyslexia diagnosed

Reading Evaluation

The testing process may involve having the person read a text aloud, answer questions about what they have read, or complete other tasks that require reading skills. In addition to assessing reading skills, the evaluation may include testing for other conditions impacting reading ability, such as attention deficit hyperactivity disorder or auditory processing disorder. 

Writing Evaluation

It can include phonemic, phonology, vocabulary, and grammar assessments. Testing for dyslexia may also evaluate fluency, speed of processing, and memory. A comprehensive evaluation will combine testing with a review of the individual’s medical and educational history. 

Spelling Evaluation

A diagnosis requires that a person demonstrate consistent spelling difficulty despite receiving adequate instruction and support. The person’s age, educational history, and other factors will also be considered.    

Processing Speed Evaluation

Many people with dyslexia have difficulty processing information quickly. It can impact reading speed and the ability to make quick decisions. This dyslexia evaluation can involve testing of reading, writing, or math skills. In some cases, an assessment of reaction time may also be included. This assessment can also track a person’s progress over time.

When Should you Visit a Doctor?

Individual experiences dyslexia differently and may have a wide range of symptoms. Common signs that someone may have dyslexia include difficulty with phonemic awareness, phonology, word decoding skills, etc. However, it may be worth talking to a doctor if you struggle with:

  •  reading;
  •  writing;
  •  or other language-based tasks. 

It can severely affect all elements of a person’s life if it is not treated. One of the significant risks is that people are significantly more likely to experience academic failure. People can experience mental health issues in addition to educational challenges. As people with this illness may find it difficult to make and keep friends, it can also result in social isolation. Finally, it can also cause issues at work.

Dyslexia Treatment

dyslexia treatment


Specific dyslexia treatment is tailored to the individual’s needs. However, some general tips include:

  • Conducting dyslexia therapy, which helps to improve reading skills through phonemic awareness training and practice with letter-sound relationships;
  • Providing a structured and supportive learning environment;
  • Breaking down tasks into smaller, more manageable parts;
  • Encouraging the use of visual aids and other tools to help with learning.

Treatment for dyslexia can also consist of specialized instructions, accommodations, and assistive technology. Specialized instruction focuses on teaching reading and writing skills in a way that matches a person’s learning style. Accommodations are changes that can be made to how instructions are given or tasks are completed. Assistive technology is a tool that can help people with this disorder to overcome some of their difficulties. Common examples of assistive technology include text-to-speech software and spell checkers. 

It is important to note that dyslexia treatment should be started as early as possible for best results. With early diagnosis and interventions, people can learn to read and spell at age-appropriate levels.

How to Prevent the Development of Dyslexia

How to prevent the development of dyslexia

The earlier dyslexia is identified, the sooner treatment can begin, and the better the chances are for success. There are also some educational programs, testing, and technologies that can help people with dyslexia. They include:

  • specialized teaching methods;
  • computer programs;
  • and books that use a different kind of font that is easier to read.

People can also benefit from accommodations and modifications in their daily lives. For example, they may need extra time to complete tasks or be allowed to use a computer instead of paper and pencil.

Research suggests that early diagnosis and reading instruction can make a big difference for children at risk for dyslexia. Additionally, ensuring your child gets plenty of opportunities to read and write from a young age can help reduce the risk.      

Book an Appointment at Lone Star Neurology Doctors

While dyslexia can occur in people of all ages, it is most commonly diagnosed in childhood. If you suspect your child has this disorder, it is necessary to visit a doctor or other healthcare provider for an evaluation. Early diagnosis and treatment are essential for helping people reach their full potential. 

Based on the evaluation results, our Lone Star Neurology specialists can help create a treatment plan that works for you. With early diagnosis and treatment, people with dyslexia can lead successful and fulfilling lives.


  • Who gets dyslexia?

Dyslexia can affect people of any age, race, or socioeconomic background. While it can occur in anyone, it is more likely to develop in people with a family history. Additionally, boys are more likely to be diagnosed with this illness than girls.

  • What is the prognosis for dyslexia?

Some people with dyslexia may find that they can overcome their reading and writing difficulties through various accommodations and strategies. In contrast, others may continue to struggle with this condition throughout their lives. The most important thing for people is to get the support and resources they need to manage their symptoms and succeed.

  • What is living with dyslexia like?

For some people, it may mean difficulty with reading, writing, and spelling. For others, it may mean problems with specific math skills or organization. Some people may also have trouble with fine motor skills, such as writing or using a computer. While dyslexia can be a challenge, it is often associated with creativity, out-of-the-box thinking, and strong visual memory.  

  • Is dyslexia treated with medication?

Some people may find that medication can help them to manage their symptoms and improve their ability to read and write. However, if you think medication may be proper for you, speak to your doctor or dyslexia specialist to discuss your options.

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Edward Medina
Edward Medina
15:34 30 Jun 22
Just such an amazing staff that makes you feel like part of their family. I’ve been going there for over 5 years now... and each visit I get the very best care and treatments that I have ever received in the 20+ years that I’ve been dealing with severe debilitating migraines. Since i started seeing them the number of my migraines has dropped from 15-20 a month to 2-3 every 3 month. I highly recommend them …they will change your life!read more
Daneisha Johnson
Daneisha Johnson
22:20 19 May 22
Dr. Askari was very kind and explained everything so I could understand. The other staff were nice as well. I would... have gave 5 stars but I was a little taken aback when I checked in and had to pay 600.00 upfront. I think that should have been discussed in a appointment confirmation call or email just so I could have been more
Jean Cooper
Jean Cooper
16:54 29 Apr 22
I love the office staff they are friendly and very helpful. Dr. JODIE is very caring and understanding to your needs... and wants to help you. I will go back. would recommend Dr. Dr. Jodie to other Patients in a heart beat. The team works well more
Linda M
Linda M
19:40 02 Apr 22
I was obviously stressed, needing to see a neurologist. The staff was so patient and Dr. Ansari was so kind. At one... point he told me to relax, we have time, when I was relaying my history of my condition. That helped ease my stress. I have seen 3 other neurologists and he was the only one who performed any assessment tests on my cognitive and physical skills. At one point I couldn't complete two assessments and got upset and cried. I was told, it's OK. That's why you're here. I was truly impressed, and super pleased with the whole experience!read more
Leslie Durham
Leslie Durham
15:05 01 Apr 22
I've been coming here for about 5 years. The staff are ALWAYS friendly and knowledgeable. The Doctors are the absolute... best!! Jodie Moore is always in such a great mood which is a plus when you are already stressed. Highly recommendedread more
Monica Del Bosque
Monica Del Bosque
14:13 25 Mar 22
Since my first post my thoughts have changed here. It's unfortunate. My doctor and PA were great, but the office staff... is horrible. They never call you back when they say they will, they misinform you, they cause you too much stress wondering what's going on, they don't keep you posted. They never answer the phone. At this point I've left four messages in the last week, and I have sent three messages. Twice from their portal and one direct email. No response. My appointment is on Monday morning at 8:30am, no confirmation on my insurance and what's going on. What the heck is going on, this is ridiculous!I've given up... the stress her office staff has put me through is just not worth it. You can do so much better, please clean house, either change out your office staff, or find a way for them to be more efficient please. You have to do something. This is not how you want to run your practice. It leaves a very bad impression on your more
Ron Buckholz
Ron Buckholz
23:32 23 Mar 22
I was actually pleasantly surprised with this visit! It took me a long time to get the appointment scheduled because no... one answers your phones EVER! After a month, I finally got in, and your staff was warm, friendly, and I was totally impressed! I feel like you will take care of my needs!read more
Steve Nabavi
Steve Nabavi
16:28 16 Mar 22
It was a nice visit. Happy staff doing all they can do to comfort the patients in a very calming environment. You ask... me they are earned a big gold star on the fridge. My only complaint they didn't give me any more
Katie Lewis
Katie Lewis
16:10 10 Feb 22
Had very positive appointments with Jodie and Dr. Sheth for my migraine care. Jodie was so fast with the injections and... has so much valuable info. I started to feel light headed during checkout and the staff was SO helpful—giving me a chair, water, and taking me into a private room until I felt better. Highly recommend this practice for migraine patients, they know what they’re doing!!read more
Joshua Martinez
Joshua Martinez
16:02 10 Dec 21
I was scheduled to be checked and just want to say that the staff was fantastic. They were kind and helpful. I was... asked many questions related to what was going on and not once did I feel as though I was being brushed off. The front desk staff was especially great in assisting me. I'm scheduled to go back for a mri and am glad that I'll be going more
Isabel Ivy
Isabel Ivy
21:42 03 Nov 21
I had such a good experience with Lone Star Neurology, Brent my MRI Tech was so awesome and made sure I was very... comfortable during the appointment. He gave me ear plugs, a pillow, leg support and blanket, easiest MRI ever lol 🤣 My 72 hour EEG nurse Amanda was also so awesome. She made sure I was take care of over the 3 days and took her time with the electrodes to make sure it was comfortable for me! Paige was also a huge help in answering all my questions when it came to my test results, and letting me know her honest opinions about how I should go forth with my more
Leslie Luce
Leslie Luce
17:37 20 Oct 21
The professionalism and want to help attitude of this office was present from the moment I contacted them. The follow... up and follow through as well as their willingness to find a way to schedule my dad was above and beyond. We visited two offices in the same day with the same experience. I am appreciative of this—we spend a lot of time with doctors and this was top notch start to more
robert Parker
robert Parker
16:38 16 Apr 21
I love going to this office. The staff is friendly and helpful. The doctor is great. I am getting the best... neurological tests and treatment I have ever had. The only reason I did not give them a 5 star rating is because it is impossible to reach a live person at the office to reschedule appointments. Every time I have tried to get through to the office it says all people are busy and I am sent to a voicemail. If they could get their phone answering fixed, I would give them a strong 5 more
MaryAnn Hornbaker
MaryAnn Hornbaker
00:26 25 Feb 21
Dr. Harney is an excellent Dr. I found him friendly , personable and thorough. I evidently am an unusual case. ... Therefore he spent a Hugh amount of time educating me. He even gave me literature to further explain my condition and how to follow up. This is something you rarely get from your doctors. So I am more than please with my doctor and his more
Roger Arguello
Roger Arguello
03:05 29 Jan 21
Always courteous, professional. The staff is very friendly and always work with you to find the best appointment time.... The care team has been great. Always taking the time to listen to your concerns and to find the best more
Margaret Rowland
Margaret Rowland
01:12 27 Jan 21
I have been a patient at Lone Star Neurology for several years. Now both my adult daughters also are patients there. I... love Jodie. She is always so prompt whether it is a teleamed call are a visit in the office. She takes the time to explain everything to me and answers all my questions. I am so blessed to have Jodie as my more
Susan Miller
Susan Miller
03:01 13 Jan 21
My husband had an accident 5 years ago and Lone Star Neurology has been such a blessing to us with my husbands care.... Jodie Moore is his provider and she is amazing! Jodie is very knowledgeable, caring, and thorough. She takes her time with you, making sure your needs are met and she is happy to answer any questions you may have. Lone Star Neurology’s patients are very lucky to have Jodie providing their care. Thank you Lone Star Neurology and especially Jodie for everything you have done for us. Jodie, you are the best!read more
Windalyn C
Windalyn C
01:32 09 Jan 21
Jodie is wonderful. She is very caring and knowledgeable. I have been to over a dozen neurologists, and none were able... to help me as much as they have here. Thanks!read more
Katie Kordel
Katie Kordel
00:40 09 Jan 21
Jodi Moore, nurse practitioner, is amazing. I have suffered from frequent, debilitating headaches for almost 20 years.... She has provided the best proactive and responsive care I have ever received. My quality of life has been greatly improved by her caring approach and tenacity in finding more
Ellie Natsis
Ellie Natsis
15:41 07 Jan 21
I have had the best experience at this neurologist's office! For over a year I have been receiving iv treatments here... each month and my nurse, Bobbie is beyond wonderful!! She's so attentive, knowledgeable, caring, and detail oriented. She makes an otherwise uncomfortable experience much more pleasant and definitely puts me at ease! She also helps me with my insurance,ordering this specialty medication and dealing with the ordering process which is no easy feat.Needless to say, she goes above a beyond in every way and I'm so grateful to this office and to Bobbie for all they do for me!read more
Matt Morris
Matt Morris
15:39 07 Jan 21
Let me start by saying that I have been coming here for years. Due to my autoimmune disease, I am in this office... once every three weeks for multiple hours at a time. The office is very clean and the staff very friendly. My only complaint would be there communication via phone. They aren't the best at responding if you leave a voicemail and expect a call back. I understand that this is prob just due to the sheer number of alls they receive daily. What I can say I like the best about the office are the people. Bobby who handles my infusions is great. I never have any issues with her setting up my infusions. She is very quick to reply to messages sent via text and if she were to leave then my whole opinion of the office may change. I also enjoy people like Matt, Lauren, and Jodi. I appreciate all that they do for me and without this team I'm not sure I would be as happy as I am to visit the office as frequently as I have to. Please ensure that these folks are recognized as they are what makes my visit to this office so tolerable :).read more
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