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Types of Head Injuries

Sandeep Dhanyamraju MD
Medically reviewed by Sandeep Dhanyamraju
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Sandeep Dhanyamraju MD
Medically reviewed by Sandeep Dhanyamraju

Head injuries can happen unexpectedly, changing the course of life in an instant. The human skull is vulnerable to various injuries, from a minor bump to a more severe blow. Understanding the types of head injuries is very important. It will allow you to recognize the symptoms and seek medical attention promptly.

Injuries are often left unnoticed by people. But most importantly, they can have long-term consequences. And many injuries require immediate medical intervention. All because it will prevent many risks of complications in the future. Forget about the fact that injuries are a danger. All because they only are if you don’t treat them.

By understanding the intricacies of these head injuries, we aim to raise awareness. We promote a safer environment and timely assistance to those in need. That’s why let’s understand more about this topic for the pursuit of success.

Different Kinds of Head Injuries

Head injuries can come in many different forms, affecting the brain and surrounding structures. Therefore, let’s break down the different variations of injuries in more detail:

  • Concussion. It is a fairly common problem that you can get as a result of being hit or kicked in the head. This problem can cause scooter teeth and temporary memory loss.
  • Skull fracture. This type of injury involves tearing the guests surrounding your brain. Unfortunately, this creates a huge risk of bleeding and infection.
  • Contusions or bruises on the brain. You can get it as a result of severe blows. You may experience swelling or altered mental function as a result. 
  • Hematomas. These involve blood clots outside or inside the brain. It’s a pretty serious problem that puts pressure on delicate tissue. And as a result, it can lead to permanent damage.
  • Diffuse axonal lesions. These occur as a result of rapid turning of the head, causing nerve damage throughout the brain.
  • Scalp wounds. Compared to different kinds of head injuries, these may seem less serious. But, if not treated properly, it can lead to certain infections. Then, the process will become irreversible.

Traumatic brain injuries (TBI) include a variety of head injuries that affect cognitive, emotional, and physical functions. Understanding these diverse injuries is crucial. It will help in proper diagnosis and timely medical intervention.

Head Injuries: Causes

Causes of Head Injuries

Head injuries occur for a variety of reasons. But the bottom line is the same: they pose a significant health risk. So, let’s take a closer look at some of the most common causes. These are the ones that can cause you to suffer an injury: 

  • Falls. It is a problem that is common among children and the elderly. It leads to head injuries from hitting a hard surface.
  • Car accidents. It is the second most common cause. It leads to head injuries when passengers collide with surfaces or objects inside the car.
  • Sports-related injuries. This cause of head injuries is also quite common. Athletes are at risk during activities such as soccer or boxing. Collisions cause these injuries, falls, or blows to the head.
  • Physical abuse. The most unpleasant type of injury caused. It occurs, for example, during an assault or fight. It results in head injuries due to severe blows or weapons.
  • Workplace accidents. You can often find this in industries involving heights or heavy equipment. Inadequate safety precautions or neglecting protective gear increases the risk.
  • Military personnel. They can suffer various types of head injuries during combat operations. It can occur as a result of explosions or direct blows.
  • Medical conditions. Problems such as seizures or strokes lead to head injuries. Uncontrolled movements during seizures or the impact of falls during strokes cause harm.

Recognizing these various causes is critical to taking preventative measures and staying safe.

Classification of Head Trauma Based on GCS

The Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) is an essential tool for assessing the severity of head injury. Designed to assess consciousness and neurologic function, the GCS measures three aspects:

  • eye-opening
  • verbal responses
  • motor skills

Scores range from 3 to 15. And lower scores indicate more severe impairments. Understanding the GCS level is very important. That’s because it helps medical professionals determine the extent of head injuries. Doctors can then recognize the causes of head injuries and make appropriate treatment decisions.

As a standardized assessment, the GCS allows for consistent communication of information. Doctors can relay information about a patient’s condition to medical professionals. This uniformity is essential for timely and accurate medical intervention. And that’s because different levels of GCS indicate varying degrees of neurologic compromise.

Emergency crews, physicians, and nurses rely on the GCS. It helps to assess the classification of head trauma. And in turn, it helps to quickly determine the severity of head trauma. It helps prioritize care and allocate resources efficiently.

The simplicity and objectivity of the Glasgow Coma Scale make it a valuable tool in emergencies. It facilitates rapid and informed decision-making to improve the condition of patients from injuries such as:

Skull Fracture

Skull fractures, serious head injuries, occur when the bone protecting the brain breaks. Causes include falls, accidents, or impacts. Symptoms include pain, swelling, and sometimes bleeding. Diagnosis involves imaging tests like CT scans. Treatment depends on the fracture’s severity and may include rest or surgery. Complications may arise, such as brain damage or infections. Seeking prompt medical attention is crucial for proper evaluation and management. Recovery varies, and follow-up is essential to monitor healing and address problems. Skull fractures emphasize the importance of head trauma. They emphasize the need for timely and appropriate medical intervention.


Concussions, common head injuries, result from impacts causing the brain to shake. Falls, accidents, or sports incidents often lead to concussions. Symptoms include headache, dizziness, and confusion. Diagnosis relies on clinical evaluation and sometimes imaging tests. Rest is the main treatment, with a gradual return to activities. Recovery time varies, and follow-up care ensures proper healing. Serious cases may need medical intervention. Recognizing the symptoms of the classification of head trauma is extremely important. It is worth seeing a physician immediately for accurate assessment and proper treatment. Concussions emphasize the importance of protecting the head and prioritizing safety.

Intracranial Hemorrhage

Intracranial hemorrhage, a severe condition, involves bleeding within the brain. Causes include trauma, aneurysms, or high blood pressure. Symptoms range from headaches to neurological deficits. Diagnosis relies on imaging tests like CT scans. Treatment depends on the bleeding type and severity, often involving surgery or medication. Prompt medical attention is crucial to prevent complications. Recovery varies, and follow-up care is vital. Intracranial hemorrhage emphasizes the importance of recognizing different kinds of head injuries. It emphasizes the importance of preventive measures to reduce risk.


Contusion, a form of head injury, occurs when the brain tissue is bruised. Caused by blows or trauma, it results in localized bleeding and swelling. Symptoms range from headaches to cognitive issues. Diagnosis involves imaging tests like CT scans. Treatment varies based on severity, involving rest or surgery. Recovery time depends on the contusion’s extent. Follow-up care ensures proper healing. Contusions emphasize the importance of timely recognition to prevent skull fractures. Remember that it is important to seek medical attention as soon as possible. Only a doctor will be able to evaluate and select the appropriate treatment.


Lone Star Neurological Clinic is a beacon of comprehensive care for neurological diseases. The clinic’s team of specialists prioritizes the well-being of patients. Advanced diagnostics, individualized treatment plans, and compassionate support guide their approach. The clinic’s commitment to excellence ensures optimal outcomes for people facing neurological challenges. From concussions to complex head injuries, Lone Star Neurology is a haven for accurate diagnosis and effective treatment of your types of head injuries. The clinic demonstrates an unwavering dedication to its practice in pursuing neurological health. It makes it a trusted choice for those seeking top-notch neurological care.


  • How do penetrating head injuries differ from closed head injuries?

Penetrating head injuries involve objects penetrating the skull. Closed head injuries result from blunt force trauma.

  • How is the severity of a head injury determined?

The Glasgow Coma Scale, imaging and clinical evaluation of symptoms assess the severity of the injury.

  • Can mild head injuries still be dangerous?

Mild head injuries can be dangerous. Watch for persistent symptoms and seek medical attention.

  • What are the signs that a head injury is an emergency?

Urgent signs include loss of consciousness, persistent vomiting, and severe headache. You may also see irregular pupils and seizures.

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Edward Medina
Edward Medina
15:34 30 Jun 22
Just such an amazing staff that makes you feel like part of their family. I’ve been going there for over 5 years now... and each visit I get the very best care and treatments that I have ever received in the 20+ years that I’ve been dealing with severe debilitating migraines. Since i started seeing them the number of my migraines has dropped from 15-20 a month to 2-3 every 3 month. I highly recommend them …they will change your life!read more
Daneisha Johnson
Daneisha Johnson
22:20 19 May 22
Dr. Askari was very kind and explained everything so I could understand. The other staff were nice as well. I would... have gave 5 stars but I was a little taken aback when I checked in and had to pay 600.00 upfront. I think that should have been discussed in a appointment confirmation call or email just so I could have been more
Jean Cooper
Jean Cooper
16:54 29 Apr 22
I love the office staff they are friendly and very helpful. Dr. JODIE is very caring and understanding to your needs... and wants to help you. I will go back. would recommend Dr. Dr. Jodie to other Patients in a heart beat. The team works well more
Linda M
Linda M
19:40 02 Apr 22
I was obviously stressed, needing to see a neurologist. The staff was so patient and Dr. Ansari was so kind. At one... point he told me to relax, we have time, when I was relaying my history of my condition. That helped ease my stress. I have seen 3 other neurologists and he was the only one who performed any assessment tests on my cognitive and physical skills. At one point I couldn't complete two assessments and got upset and cried. I was told, it's OK. That's why you're here. I was truly impressed, and super pleased with the whole experience!read more
Leslie Durham
Leslie Durham
15:05 01 Apr 22
I've been coming here for about 5 years. The staff are ALWAYS friendly and knowledgeable. The Doctors are the absolute... best!! Jodie Moore is always in such a great mood which is a plus when you are already stressed. Highly recommendedread more
Monica Del Bosque
Monica Del Bosque
14:13 25 Mar 22
Since my first post my thoughts have changed here. It's unfortunate. My doctor and PA were great, but the office staff... is horrible. They never call you back when they say they will, they misinform you, they cause you too much stress wondering what's going on, they don't keep you posted. They never answer the phone. At this point I've left four messages in the last week, and I have sent three messages. Twice from their portal and one direct email. No response. My appointment is on Monday morning at 8:30am, no confirmation on my insurance and what's going on. What the heck is going on, this is ridiculous!I've given up... the stress her office staff has put me through is just not worth it. You can do so much better, please clean house, either change out your office staff, or find a way for them to be more efficient please. You have to do something. This is not how you want to run your practice. It leaves a very bad impression on your more
Ron Buckholz
Ron Buckholz
23:32 23 Mar 22
I was actually pleasantly surprised with this visit! It took me a long time to get the appointment scheduled because no... one answers your phones EVER! After a month, I finally got in, and your staff was warm, friendly, and I was totally impressed! I feel like you will take care of my needs!read more
Steve Nabavi
Steve Nabavi
16:28 16 Mar 22
It was a nice visit. Happy staff doing all they can do to comfort the patients in a very calming environment. You ask... me they are earned a big gold star on the fridge. My only complaint they didn't give me any more
Katie Lewis
Katie Lewis
16:10 10 Feb 22
Had very positive appointments with Jodie and Dr. Sheth for my migraine care. Jodie was so fast with the injections and... has so much valuable info. I started to feel light headed during checkout and the staff was SO helpful—giving me a chair, water, and taking me into a private room until I felt better. Highly recommend this practice for migraine patients, they know what they’re doing!!read more
Joshua Martinez
Joshua Martinez
16:02 10 Dec 21
I was scheduled to be checked and just want to say that the staff was fantastic. They were kind and helpful. I was... asked many questions related to what was going on and not once did I feel as though I was being brushed off. The front desk staff was especially great in assisting me. I'm scheduled to go back for a mri and am glad that I'll be going more
Isabel Ivy
Isabel Ivy
21:42 03 Nov 21
I had such a good experience with Lone Star Neurology, Brent my MRI Tech was so awesome and made sure I was very... comfortable during the appointment. He gave me ear plugs, a pillow, leg support and blanket, easiest MRI ever lol 🤣 My 72 hour EEG nurse Amanda was also so awesome. She made sure I was take care of over the 3 days and took her time with the electrodes to make sure it was comfortable for me! Paige was also a huge help in answering all my questions when it came to my test results, and letting me know her honest opinions about how I should go forth with my more
Leslie Luce
Leslie Luce
17:37 20 Oct 21
The professionalism and want to help attitude of this office was present from the moment I contacted them. The follow... up and follow through as well as their willingness to find a way to schedule my dad was above and beyond. We visited two offices in the same day with the same experience. I am appreciative of this—we spend a lot of time with doctors and this was top notch start to more
robert Parker
robert Parker
16:38 16 Apr 21
I love going to this office. The staff is friendly and helpful. The doctor is great. I am getting the best... neurological tests and treatment I have ever had. The only reason I did not give them a 5 star rating is because it is impossible to reach a live person at the office to reschedule appointments. Every time I have tried to get through to the office it says all people are busy and I am sent to a voicemail. If they could get their phone answering fixed, I would give them a strong 5 more
MaryAnn Hornbaker
MaryAnn Hornbaker
00:26 25 Feb 21
Dr. Harney is an excellent Dr. I found him friendly , personable and thorough. I evidently am an unusual case. ... Therefore he spent a Hugh amount of time educating me. He even gave me literature to further explain my condition and how to follow up. This is something you rarely get from your doctors. So I am more than please with my doctor and his more
Roger Arguello
Roger Arguello
03:05 29 Jan 21
Always courteous, professional. The staff is very friendly and always work with you to find the best appointment time.... The care team has been great. Always taking the time to listen to your concerns and to find the best more
Margaret Rowland
Margaret Rowland
01:12 27 Jan 21
I have been a patient at Lone Star Neurology for several years. Now both my adult daughters also are patients there. I... love Jodie. She is always so prompt whether it is a teleamed call are a visit in the office. She takes the time to explain everything to me and answers all my questions. I am so blessed to have Jodie as my more
Susan Miller
Susan Miller
03:01 13 Jan 21
My husband had an accident 5 years ago and Lone Star Neurology has been such a blessing to us with my husbands care.... Jodie Moore is his provider and she is amazing! Jodie is very knowledgeable, caring, and thorough. She takes her time with you, making sure your needs are met and she is happy to answer any questions you may have. Lone Star Neurology’s patients are very lucky to have Jodie providing their care. Thank you Lone Star Neurology and especially Jodie for everything you have done for us. Jodie, you are the best!read more
Windalyn C
Windalyn C
01:32 09 Jan 21
Jodie is wonderful. She is very caring and knowledgeable. I have been to over a dozen neurologists, and none were able... to help me as much as they have here. Thanks!read more
Katie Kordel
Katie Kordel
00:40 09 Jan 21
Jodi Moore, nurse practitioner, is amazing. I have suffered from frequent, debilitating headaches for almost 20 years.... She has provided the best proactive and responsive care I have ever received. My quality of life has been greatly improved by her caring approach and tenacity in finding more
Ellie Natsis
Ellie Natsis
15:41 07 Jan 21
I have had the best experience at this neurologist's office! For over a year I have been receiving iv treatments here... each month and my nurse, Bobbie is beyond wonderful!! She's so attentive, knowledgeable, caring, and detail oriented. She makes an otherwise uncomfortable experience much more pleasant and definitely puts me at ease! She also helps me with my insurance,ordering this specialty medication and dealing with the ordering process which is no easy feat.Needless to say, she goes above a beyond in every way and I'm so grateful to this office and to Bobbie for all they do for me!read more
Matt Morris
Matt Morris
15:39 07 Jan 21
Let me start by saying that I have been coming here for years. Due to my autoimmune disease, I am in this office... once every three weeks for multiple hours at a time. The office is very clean and the staff very friendly. My only complaint would be there communication via phone. They aren't the best at responding if you leave a voicemail and expect a call back. I understand that this is prob just due to the sheer number of alls they receive daily. What I can say I like the best about the office are the people. Bobby who handles my infusions is great. I never have any issues with her setting up my infusions. She is very quick to reply to messages sent via text and if she were to leave then my whole opinion of the office may change. I also enjoy people like Matt, Lauren, and Jodi. I appreciate all that they do for me and without this team I'm not sure I would be as happy as I am to visit the office as frequently as I have to. Please ensure that these folks are recognized as they are what makes my visit to this office so tolerable :).read more
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