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Epilepsy Treatment

dr shukla neurologist tx
Medically reviewed by Dr. Shukla
dr shukla neurologist tx
Medically reviewed by Dr. Shukla

Epilepsy is a dangerous and serious condition that is accompanied by severe seizures. Patients with epilepsy are advised by specialists not to drive a car and walk a long distance on their own until an examination is carried out and treatment is prescribed.

Epilepsy is not an incurable disease. Since epilepsy is rather a symptom that can accompany many serious diseases such as cancerous tumors, post-stroke complications, and head injuries. If you find out and eliminate the underlying condition, the seizures will disappear forever.

Treatments for epilepsy may include anti-epileptic drugs, neurostimulator procedures, and surgery. Each of these methods has its own side effects but can also help patients cope with problems such as seizures in epilepsy.

In this article, we look at the causes of epilepsy, its symptoms, and treatments.

 

Assessment and Diagnosis

If a patient has an epileptic seizure, the patient will be advised to visit a neurologist specialist to find out the cause of the seizures.

The neuropathologist at the reception asks the patient questions about his condition and prescribes the necessary examinations. If you suspect such a diagnosis as epilepsy or have even experienced powerful seizures, visit a specialist as soon as possible to diagnose and begin treatment, as the seizure can recur, and it is necessary for you to know how to cope with it.

The general advice would be to avoid driving and swimming, at least until you get an appointment with a specialist.

It can be difficult to quickly make an accurate diagnosis and identify epilepsy, as the symptoms can be the same as those of fainting, migraine, panic attacks, and other illnesses and disorders. As a rule, the diagnosis of epilepsy is established after the appearance of at least one seizure.

Before the appointment, the patient should write down a few notes about his condition recently, sensations during the attacks, their duration and other important details.

 

Tests for Epilepsy

A neurologist may refer a patient for several types of examinations, such as an electroencephalogram (EEG) or magnetic resonance imaging.

  • Electroencephalogram (EEG)

An electroencephalogram is used to detect unusual electrical activity that may be occurring in the brain of a person with epilepsy if they have it. During an electroencephalogram, small sensors are attached to the patient’s scalp to pick up signals as the brain cells transmit impulses to each other.

  • Magnetic resonance imaging

The following method of seizure testing is MRI. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) can also help identify severe medical conditions that may be causing epileptic seizures. It could be cancer, brain damage from a stroke, or brain scars.

In this case, magnetic fields and radio waves are used, which help to create images of the brain with the possible processes that occur in it.

The results of the examination can’t always help identify the cause of the condition and establish a diagnosis of epilepsy. In this case, the diagnosis is established on the basis of the patient’s complaints.

diagnosis of epilepsy

Treatment of Epilepsy 

Treatment prescribed by a doctor can help patients with epilepsy reduce the frequency of seizures or even make them go away.

The treatment prescribed by a neurologist may include:

  • Medications for epilepsy such as an antiepileptic drugs (AEDs);
  • Surgery to remove a small part of the brain that causes seizures;
  • A small electrical device inside the body that can help control seizures;
  • A special ketogenic diet.

Sometimes patients will need to maintain the prescribed therapy for life. However, there are still cases when a neurologist advises ceasing treatment, since the cause of epilepsy has been eliminated and no seizures are observed. And sometimes, the patient may not be prescribed treatment at all if he knows the nature of the occurrence of seizures and has managed to solve the problem that gives rise to them.

In any case, people with suspected epilepsy should immediately visit a doctor and listen to their recommendations. This will help you deal with the problem much faster.

 

Anti-epileptic drugs (AEDs)

AEDs are most commonly used in the treatment of epilepsy. These drugs help control the occurrence of epileptic seizures in 7 out of 10 people.

Their job is to change the amount of chemicals in the brain. As a rule, these drugs for treatment of epilepsy do not entirely cure this disease, but they help prevent seizures.

 

There are several types of AEP such as

  • Sodium valproate;
  • Carbamazepine;
  • Lamotrigine;
  • Levetiracetam;
  • Topiramate.

Your specialist will prescribe the type of medication that is right for you based on your age, the frequency and characteristics of your seizures, and whether you want to have children in the future.

Antiepileptic drugs may be available in the form of tablets, capsules, liquids, and even syrups. Take them daily. It is extremely important that the patient acts strictly according to the doctor’s prescriptions and takes the drugs in such quantity and with such frequency as the neuropathologist indicates.

While taking antiepileptic drugs, it is not advised to take any other drugs, even those that are available without a prescription. If you need to take any other drugs other than anti-epileptic drugs, it is extremely important to inform your doctor about this and hear his recommendations on this matter.

We don’t recommend a total refusal of the drug, this can significantly worsen your condition.

 

Side effects

Like any other medications for epilepsy, antiepileptic drugs also have a number of side effects. Most often they occur, at the beginning of taking the pills. Also, some side effects may occur during treatment and disappear on their own after a few days. There are cases when side effects do not appear at all in the patient.

The most common side effects can include:

  • Drowsiness;
  • Fatigue;
  • Anxiety;
  • Tremor of the limbs;
  • Headache;
  • Hair loss or vice versa, the appearance of unwanted hair on the body;
  • Problems with gums;
  • The appearance of a rash and other allergic reactions on the skin.

The appearance of side effects should be a reason for additional consultation with a specialist, especially if after taking the drug, the patient is in a state similar to alcohol intoxication, experiences unsteady gait, low concentration or nausea.

The doctor is obliged to listen to the patient’s complaints and make a decision on the further treatment of the patient.

 

Brain Surgery

In addition to medications for epilepsy, the doctor may also prescribe a surgical operation.

Surgery for epilepsy can be of two main types:

  • Resective surgery

In this case, the surgeon removes the part of the patient’s brain that causes seizures. Usually, such an operation is carried out when the part of the brain that provokes seizures is small enough and has clearly defined edges. It is also extremely vital that this part of the brain is not responsible for controlling processes such as speech, movement, vision, or hearing.

  • Separation surgery 

In this case, instead of removing part of your brain, the surgeon cuts the pathways between the nerves in the brain of an epileptic patient. These nerves are involved in seizures, and removing them can help get rid of epilepsy for good.

epilepsy treatment

Other Therapies to Treat Epilepsy

In addition to the methods that we have described, there are several other ways to deal with this problem such as ketogenic diet, vagus nerve stimulation, deep brain stimulators, and responsive neurostimulation. Let’s look at these methods in more detail.

 

Ketogenic Diet

One of the ways among widespread methods of treatment of epilepsy is a ketogenic diet. This type of diet is high in fat and low in carbohydrates. A neurologist may advise you to switch to such a diet if your symptoms indicate that this is what you need. Do not try to start this diet on your own, if it does not suit you, your condition may worsen.

Often specialists prescribe such a diet to children in cases where drugs do not help get rid of seizures, but sometimes this diet brings a positive result in adult patients.

 

At the initial stage of the transition to such a diet, patients may feel tired, and after a long period of maintaining this diet, patients may even encounter such things as

  • Stones in the kidneys
  • high cholesterol
  • dehydration
  • Constipation
  • Weight gain
  • Broken bones.

Also, a ketone diet is not often prescribed to an adult patient due to an increased risk of diabetes and cardiovascular disease.

However, sometimes it is beneficial. Only a doctor can prescribe this diet after the necessary questioning and examination. The appearance of any side effects should be immediately discussed with the doctor.

 

Vagus Nerve Stimulation

This nerve originates in the chest and abdomen, passes through the neck and ascends to the brain. Its main function is to control automatic processes in the body, such as the heartbeat. This way can also be one of the seizures treatments.

The essence of the procedure is that the doctor places a vagus nerve stimulator under the skin of the chest and connects it to the nerve. The stimulator starts sending impulses to the patient’s brain using the appropriate nerve.

This way of solving the problem can help prevent epileptic seizures by changing the signals that occur in the brain.

Usually, VNS does not help to completely get rid of epilepsy, but at least the attacks appear less often and are easier to bear. As a rule, VNS is paired with antiepileptic drugs.

Side effects of the stimulant procedure may include a hoarse voice, cough, and sore throat. However, these symptoms quickly disappear.

The battery for these devices last about 10 years, after which it will need to be replaced with a new one.

 

Deep Brain Stimulation

The next way of epileptic treatment is deep brain stimulation. This type of stimulation is similar to VNS. The difference between the two is that the stimulator that the doctor places in the patient’s chest area is connected to wires that communicate directly with the brain.

The electrical impulses that travel through these wires help prevent seizures by changing brain signals.

DBS is a recently introduced procedure that is not performed very often, so there is no reliable basis for concluding that it is effective.

Such a procedure also has a number of risks. Side effects after its implementation can be expressed in the form of cerebral hemorrhage, depression and amnesia.

If your neurologist advises you to have this procedure, discuss the risks of the procedure, its benefits, and possible side effects with your neurologist.

 

Responsive Neurostimulation

This method of treating epileptic seizures consists in implanting a neurostimulator under the skull bone. The function of the implant is to look for patterns in brain activity that could be a potential cause of epileptic seizures.

While the stimulator sees a potential threat of an attack, its task is to send impulses to prevent the onset of an attack.

therapies to treat epilepsy

Home Remedies and Advice to Help Occur Epilepsy 

It is worth saying that there are other types of treatment of epilepsy. There is not enough evidence to say whether these methods are really effective in the treatment of epilepsy or not. However, with the permission of the doctor, the patient can try any method.

Basically, traditional medicine methods consist in the use of field herbs. However, doctors warn that some of them may be incompatible with antiepileptic drugs or be dangerous for any other reason.

So, for example, experts do not advise using St. John’s wort for the treatment of epileptic seizures, as it can affect the amount of the drug in the blood and reduce the effectiveness of the drug taken. Strong-smelling aromatics such as hyssop, rosemary, and sweet fennel may increase the number and frequency of seizures in patients with epilepsy.

By the way, what definitely won’t hurt patients is relaxation. Stress relief in the form of yoga, doctor-approved light physical activity, as well as meditation and positive communication will help you become calmer, and if epilepsy has been associated with increased levels of stress, then in rare cases, this may even contribute to a cure for epilepsy.

 

Bottom Line 

In fact, epilepsy is a serious condition accompanied by seizures. This may find the patient in the middle of the street, driving or in a store. If you have this disease or suspect the diagnosis of epilepsy in yourself, you need to consult a doctor, visit our clinic’s website. Call us at (214) 619-1910, and make an appointment.

We treat various neurological disorders such as:

It is not a complete list we can help with; our neurologists deal with many diseases.

Go to our website to read more about our clinic. Check out the blog with many helpful articles about different diseases, their diagnosis, and treatment.
 

FAQs 

  • Can epilepsy be cured permanently?

Unfortunately, at this point in time, medicine has not been invented to cure epilepsy permanently. However, if the epilepsy is caused by a cause that the patient can eliminate, the seizures may disappear forever. There are also a number of medications and procedures that can help stabilize the patient’s condition and reduce the number and frequency of seizures.

  • Can you live a normal life with epilepsy?

Medicine continues to evolve and find new methods to treat severe conditions. If the patient was diagnosed in time and prescribed therapy, he can continue to live a normal life, forgetting about severe epileptic attacks.

  • What is the best medicine for epilepsy?

It is believed that among antiepileptic drugs, Lamictal is the best remedy. According to studies in which about 716 patients took part, this drug showed the best results.

  • Is sleep good for epilepsy?

A good night’s sleep is essential for everyone. Insufficient quantity and poor quality of sleep at night can exacerbate the condition of a person with epilepsy and cause an increase in the number of seizures. In general, to maintain a normal state, a patient with epilepsy needs about 7-8 hours of sleep at night.

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Lone Star Neurology
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Edward Medina
Edward Medina
15:34 30 Jun 22
Just such an amazing staff that makes you feel like part of their family. I’ve been going there for over 5 years now... and each visit I get the very best care and treatments that I have ever received in the 20+ years that I’ve been dealing with severe debilitating migraines. Since i started seeing them the number of my migraines has dropped from 15-20 a month to 2-3 every 3 month. I highly recommend them …they will change your life!read more
Daneisha Johnson
Daneisha Johnson
22:20 19 May 22
Dr. Askari was very kind and explained everything so I could understand. The other staff were nice as well. I would... have gave 5 stars but I was a little taken aback when I checked in and had to pay 600.00 upfront. I think that should have been discussed in a appointment confirmation call or email just so I could have been prepared.read more
Jean Cooper
Jean Cooper
16:54 29 Apr 22
I love the office staff they are friendly and very helpful. Dr. JODIE is very caring and understanding to your needs... and wants to help you. I will go back. would recommend Dr. Dr. Jodie to other Patients in a heart beat. The team works well together.read more
Linda M
Linda M
19:40 02 Apr 22
I was obviously stressed, needing to see a neurologist. The staff was so patient and Dr. Ansari was so kind. At one... point he told me to relax, we have time, when I was relaying my history of my condition. That helped ease my stress. I have seen 3 other neurologists and he was the only one who performed any assessment tests on my cognitive and physical skills. At one point I couldn't complete two assessments and got upset and cried. I was told, it's OK. That's why you're here. I was truly impressed, and super pleased with the whole experience!read more
Leslie Durham
Leslie Durham
15:05 01 Apr 22
I've been coming here for about 5 years. The staff are ALWAYS friendly and knowledgeable. The Doctors are the absolute... best!! Jodie Moore is always in such a great mood which is a plus when you are already stressed. Highly recommendedread more
Monica Del Bosque
Monica Del Bosque
14:13 25 Mar 22
Since my first post my thoughts have changed here. It's unfortunate. My doctor and PA were great, but the office staff... is horrible. They never call you back when they say they will, they misinform you, they cause you too much stress wondering what's going on, they don't keep you posted. They never answer the phone. At this point I've left four messages in the last week, and I have sent three messages. Twice from their portal and one direct email. No response. My appointment is on Monday morning at 8:30am, no confirmation on my insurance and what's going on. What the heck is going on, this is ridiculous!I've given up... the stress her office staff has put me through is just not worth it. You can do so much better, please clean house, either change out your office staff, or find a way for them to be more efficient please. You have to do something. This is not how you want to run your practice. It leaves a very bad impression on your business.read more
Ron Buckholz
Ron Buckholz
23:32 23 Mar 22
I was actually pleasantly surprised with this visit! It took me a long time to get the appointment scheduled because no... one answers your phones EVER! After a month, I finally got in, and your staff was warm, friendly, and I was totally impressed! I feel like you will take care of my needs!read more
Steve Nabavi
Steve Nabavi
16:28 16 Mar 22
It was a nice visit. Happy staff doing all they can do to comfort the patients in a very calming environment. You ask... me they are earned a big gold star on the fridge. My only complaint they didn't give me any cookies.read more
Katie Lewis
Katie Lewis
16:10 10 Feb 22
Had very positive appointments with Jodie and Dr. Sheth for my migraine care. Jodie was so fast with the injections and... has so much valuable info. I started to feel light headed during checkout and the staff was SO helpful—giving me a chair, water, and taking me into a private room until I felt better. Highly recommend this practice for migraine patients, they know what they’re doing!!read more
Joshua Martinez
Joshua Martinez
16:02 10 Dec 21
I was scheduled to be checked and just want to say that the staff was fantastic. They were kind and helpful. I was... asked many questions related to what was going on and not once did I feel as though I was being brushed off. The front desk staff was especially great in assisting me. I'm scheduled to go back for a mri and am glad that I'll be going there.read more
Isabel Ivy
Isabel Ivy
21:42 03 Nov 21
I had such a good experience with Lone Star Neurology, Brent my MRI Tech was so awesome and made sure I was very... comfortable during the appointment. He gave me ear plugs, a pillow, leg support and blanket, easiest MRI ever lol 🤣 My 72 hour EEG nurse Amanda was also so awesome. She made sure I was take care of over the 3 days and took her time with the electrodes to make sure it was comfortable for me! Paige was also a huge help in answering all my questions when it came to my test results, and letting me know her honest opinions about how I should go forth with my treatment.read more
Leslie Luce
Leslie Luce
17:37 20 Oct 21
The professionalism and want to help attitude of this office was present from the moment I contacted them. The follow... up and follow through as well as their willingness to find a way to schedule my dad was above and beyond. We visited two offices in the same day with the same experience. I am appreciative of this—we spend a lot of time with doctors and this was top notch start to finish.read more
robert Parker
robert Parker
16:38 16 Apr 21
I love going to this office. The staff is friendly and helpful. The doctor is great. I am getting the best... neurological tests and treatment I have ever had. The only reason I did not give them a 5 star rating is because it is impossible to reach a live person at the office to reschedule appointments. Every time I have tried to get through to the office it says all people are busy and I am sent to a voicemail. If they could get their phone answering fixed, I would give them a strong 5 stars.read more
MaryAnn Hornbaker
MaryAnn Hornbaker
00:26 25 Feb 21
Dr. Harney is an excellent Dr. I found him friendly , personable and thorough. I evidently am an unusual case. ... Therefore he spent a Hugh amount of time educating me. He even gave me literature to further explain my condition and how to follow up. This is something you rarely get from your doctors. So I am more than please with my doctor and his staff.read more
Roger Arguello
Roger Arguello
03:05 29 Jan 21
Always courteous, professional. The staff is very friendly and always work with you to find the best appointment time.... The care team has been great. Always taking the time to listen to your concerns and to find the best treatment.read more
Margaret Rowland
Margaret Rowland
01:12 27 Jan 21
I have been a patient at Lone Star Neurology for several years. Now both my adult daughters also are patients there. I... love Jodie. She is always so prompt whether it is a teleamed call are a visit in the office. She takes the time to explain everything to me and answers all my questions. I am so blessed to have Jodie as my doctor.read more
Susan Miller
Susan Miller
03:01 13 Jan 21
My husband had an accident 5 years ago and Lone Star Neurology has been such a blessing to us with my husbands care.... Jodie Moore is his provider and she is amazing! Jodie is very knowledgeable, caring, and thorough. She takes her time with you, making sure your needs are met and she is happy to answer any questions you may have. Lone Star Neurology’s patients are very lucky to have Jodie providing their care. Thank you Lone Star Neurology and especially Jodie for everything you have done for us. Jodie, you are the best!read more
Windalyn C
Windalyn C
01:32 09 Jan 21
Jodie is wonderful. She is very caring and knowledgeable. I have been to over a dozen neurologists, and none were able... to help me as much as they have here. Thanks!read more
Katie Kordel
Katie Kordel
00:40 09 Jan 21
Jodi Moore, nurse practitioner, is amazing. I have suffered from frequent, debilitating headaches for almost 20 years.... She has provided the best proactive and responsive care I have ever received. My quality of life has been greatly improved by her caring approach and tenacity in finding solutions.read more
Ellie Natsis
Ellie Natsis
15:41 07 Jan 21
I have had the best experience at this neurologist's office! For over a year I have been receiving iv treatments here... each month and my nurse, Bobbie is beyond wonderful!! She's so attentive, knowledgeable, caring, and detail oriented. She makes an otherwise uncomfortable experience much more pleasant and definitely puts me at ease! She also helps me with my insurance,ordering this specialty medication and dealing with the ordering process which is no easy feat.Needless to say, she goes above a beyond in every way and I'm so grateful to this office and to Bobbie for all they do for me!read more
Matt Morris
Matt Morris
15:39 07 Jan 21
Let me start by saying that I have been coming here for years. Due to my autoimmune disease, I am in this office... once every three weeks for multiple hours at a time. The office is very clean and the staff very friendly. My only complaint would be there communication via phone. They aren't the best at responding if you leave a voicemail and expect a call back. I understand that this is prob just due to the sheer number of alls they receive daily. What I can say I like the best about the office are the people. Bobby who handles my infusions is great. I never have any issues with her setting up my infusions. She is very quick to reply to messages sent via text and if she were to leave then my whole opinion of the office may change. I also enjoy people like Matt, Lauren, and Jodi. I appreciate all that they do for me and without this team I'm not sure I would be as happy as I am to visit the office as frequently as I have to. Please ensure that these folks are recognized as they are what makes my visit to this office so tolerable :).read more
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