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Stroke of the Brain Stem: Everything About It

Medically reviewed by Ramin Ansari

A stroke of the brainstem is a disturbance of blood supply to the specified site of a brain that occurs quickly and unexpectedly. Brain stem stroke is one of the most dangerous clinical conditions. Thus, it is essential to remember the symptoms to call emergency services on time. 

The brain stem is the part of the human brain that connects our mind with the spinal cord. 

The main reasons for brain stem stroke are:

  • Ischemic stroke 
  • Hemorrhagic stroke 

Symptoms of the Ischemic strokes in the brain stem 

  • Disorientation. There is a possibility that brain stem stroke will make the person feel disorientated. Besides that, the person can think that the body is moving when a person stays still and can lead to vomiting.
  • Alteration of hearing. Ischemic brain stem strokes tend to make a person hear sounds when none are present. Besides that, the person can become more sensitive to sounds or frequencies, also known as hyperacusis.
  • Strange eye movements. The following symptom of the ischemic stroke of the brain stem will be the strange behavior of the person’s eyes. The eyes may involuntarily move from side to side or up and down. One eye may stay off-center, or the eyelid may appear droopy, and pupils will become smaller. Eye movements can cause disorientation and dizziness, mentioned higher. 
  • Loss of muscle control. Sometimes, the person can’t control their muscles properly; this is a medical condition known as ataxia. Loss of muscle control can lead to disorientation and dizziness. 
  • Problems with speech. A person affected by stroke can experience difficulties in speaking. The medics know this condition as dysarthria. There might be problems with speech, or the patient is unable to talk at all. 
  • Bad perception. It is common for patients with brain stem stroke to feel high temperature or pain; this can affect certain parts of the body, but they can perceive sensations in the wrong place
  • Distinctive breathing patterns. Many affected by the stroke of the brain stem find it challenging to breathe in a regular pattern. Only a qualified doctor can help to back to normal breathing. 

Symptoms of brain stem hemorrhages

Symptoms of brain stem hemorrhages

An ischemic stroke is more common. However, it does occur, and it is a hazardous condition. The brain stem hemorrhage stroke occurs when bleeding begins in the brain stem. The consequences can be very unexpected and even lead to death, thus, it is vital to know how to distinguish it and call 911.

The most common symptoms of brain stem hemorrhage are:

  • The person can’t see straight with eyes moving out of their normal position
  • Weakness in both the arms and the legs
  • Hard to breathe, eat or swallow
  • Loss of consciousness and coma

The main reason for strokes in the brain stem

The brain stem stroke appears when the blood supply stops flowing to a specific part of the brain stem. This is due to a blockage in the blood vessels (ischemic stroke) or bleeding in the blood vessels supplying the brain stem (hemorrhagic stroke).

What are the reasons for Ischemic stroke of the brain stem?

Atherosclerosis

This condition occurs when fatty deposits pile up on the walls of arteries; this leads to them becoming harder, narrower, and blocked.

Small vessel disease

Small vessel disease is a general term that describes the series of abnormal changes to the small arteries and veins in the brain. This disease leads to tiny bleeds or minor blockages that reduce blood flow. Continued damage to the blood vessels increases the risk of a stroke.

Artery dissection

Artery dissection is a widespread cause of stroke in patients aged under 45. This condition happens when the inner lining becomes torn, which leads to blood build-up; this can create blood clots that will block the artery and cause ischemic stroke. Besides that, it weakens the artery wall and bulges outwards. There is a possibility that it will lead to hemorrhagic stroke if this structure fails to hold.

What causes Hemorrhagic stroke of the brain stem

The principal amount of damage is done by the bleeding in and/or around the brain. The blood damages the brain tissue that is surrounding the brain. This damage can lead to further swelling and inflammation within the core, creating it under more pressure.

A big part of the brain injury is caused by the initial bleed. However, continued bleeding can lead to more complications; this is why it is crucial to get to the emergency room as soon as possible.

In conclusion, we want to note that it is essential to be vigilant about brain stem strokes. Ischemic stroke is terrible and can lead to severe consequences in the future. However, Hemorrhagic stroke is much more dangerous. The Hemorrhagic stroke of the brain stem can lead to irreversible changes or even kill the victim. Don’t take the strokes easily, and call 911 as soon as you notice one of the symptoms in yourself or your acquaintances. It can save their lives. 

We hope that you discovered something new in this article. Our team put a lot of effort into creating this piece, and we thank you for reading it to the end. Stay safe and have a wonderful day. See you in the next one.

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Lone Star Neurology
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Edward Medina
Edward Medina
15:34 30 Jun 22
Just such an amazing staff that makes you feel like part of their family. I’ve been going there for over 5 years now... and each visit I get the very best care and treatments that I have ever received in the 20+ years that I’ve been dealing with severe debilitating migraines. Since i started seeing them the number of my migraines has dropped from 15-20 a month to 2-3 every 3 month. I highly recommend them …they will change your life!read more
Daneisha Johnson
Daneisha Johnson
22:20 19 May 22
Dr. Askari was very kind and explained everything so I could understand. The other staff were nice as well. I would... have gave 5 stars but I was a little taken aback when I checked in and had to pay 600.00 upfront. I think that should have been discussed in a appointment confirmation call or email just so I could have been prepared.read more
Jean Cooper
Jean Cooper
16:54 29 Apr 22
I love the office staff they are friendly and very helpful. Dr. JODIE is very caring and understanding to your needs... and wants to help you. I will go back. would recommend Dr. Dr. Jodie to other Patients in a heart beat. The team works well together.read more
Linda M
Linda M
19:40 02 Apr 22
I was obviously stressed, needing to see a neurologist. The staff was so patient and Dr. Ansari was so kind. At one... point he told me to relax, we have time, when I was relaying my history of my condition. That helped ease my stress. I have seen 3 other neurologists and he was the only one who performed any assessment tests on my cognitive and physical skills. At one point I couldn't complete two assessments and got upset and cried. I was told, it's OK. That's why you're here. I was truly impressed, and super pleased with the whole experience!read more
Leslie Durham
Leslie Durham
15:05 01 Apr 22
I've been coming here for about 5 years. The staff are ALWAYS friendly and knowledgeable. The Doctors are the absolute... best!! Jodie Moore is always in such a great mood which is a plus when you are already stressed. Highly recommendedread more
Monica Del Bosque
Monica Del Bosque
14:13 25 Mar 22
Since my first post my thoughts have changed here. It's unfortunate. My doctor and PA were great, but the office staff... is horrible. They never call you back when they say they will, they misinform you, they cause you too much stress wondering what's going on, they don't keep you posted. They never answer the phone. At this point I've left four messages in the last week, and I have sent three messages. Twice from their portal and one direct email. No response. My appointment is on Monday morning at 8:30am, no confirmation on my insurance and what's going on. What the heck is going on, this is ridiculous!I've given up... the stress her office staff has put me through is just not worth it. You can do so much better, please clean house, either change out your office staff, or find a way for them to be more efficient please. You have to do something. This is not how you want to run your practice. It leaves a very bad impression on your business.read more
Ron Buckholz
Ron Buckholz
23:32 23 Mar 22
I was actually pleasantly surprised with this visit! It took me a long time to get the appointment scheduled because no... one answers your phones EVER! After a month, I finally got in, and your staff was warm, friendly, and I was totally impressed! I feel like you will take care of my needs!read more
Steve Nabavi
Steve Nabavi
16:28 16 Mar 22
It was a nice visit. Happy staff doing all they can do to comfort the patients in a very calming environment. You ask... me they are earned a big gold star on the fridge. My only complaint they didn't give me any cookies.read more
Katie Lewis
Katie Lewis
16:10 10 Feb 22
Had very positive appointments with Jodie and Dr. Sheth for my migraine care. Jodie was so fast with the injections and... has so much valuable info. I started to feel light headed during checkout and the staff was SO helpful—giving me a chair, water, and taking me into a private room until I felt better. Highly recommend this practice for migraine patients, they know what they’re doing!!read more
Joshua Martinez
Joshua Martinez
16:02 10 Dec 21
I was scheduled to be checked and just want to say that the staff was fantastic. They were kind and helpful. I was... asked many questions related to what was going on and not once did I feel as though I was being brushed off. The front desk staff was especially great in assisting me. I'm scheduled to go back for a mri and am glad that I'll be going there.read more
Isabel Ivy
Isabel Ivy
21:42 03 Nov 21
I had such a good experience with Lone Star Neurology, Brent my MRI Tech was so awesome and made sure I was very... comfortable during the appointment. He gave me ear plugs, a pillow, leg support and blanket, easiest MRI ever lol 🤣 My 72 hour EEG nurse Amanda was also so awesome. She made sure I was take care of over the 3 days and took her time with the electrodes to make sure it was comfortable for me! Paige was also a huge help in answering all my questions when it came to my test results, and letting me know her honest opinions about how I should go forth with my treatment.read more
Leslie Luce
Leslie Luce
17:37 20 Oct 21
The professionalism and want to help attitude of this office was present from the moment I contacted them. The follow... up and follow through as well as their willingness to find a way to schedule my dad was above and beyond. We visited two offices in the same day with the same experience. I am appreciative of this—we spend a lot of time with doctors and this was top notch start to finish.read more
robert Parker
robert Parker
16:38 16 Apr 21
I love going to this office. The staff is friendly and helpful. The doctor is great. I am getting the best... neurological tests and treatment I have ever had. The only reason I did not give them a 5 star rating is because it is impossible to reach a live person at the office to reschedule appointments. Every time I have tried to get through to the office it says all people are busy and I am sent to a voicemail. If they could get their phone answering fixed, I would give them a strong 5 stars.read more
MaryAnn Hornbaker
MaryAnn Hornbaker
00:26 25 Feb 21
Dr. Harney is an excellent Dr. I found him friendly , personable and thorough. I evidently am an unusual case. ... Therefore he spent a Hugh amount of time educating me. He even gave me literature to further explain my condition and how to follow up. This is something you rarely get from your doctors. So I am more than please with my doctor and his staff.read more
Roger Arguello
Roger Arguello
03:05 29 Jan 21
Always courteous, professional. The staff is very friendly and always work with you to find the best appointment time.... The care team has been great. Always taking the time to listen to your concerns and to find the best treatment.read more
Margaret Rowland
Margaret Rowland
01:12 27 Jan 21
I have been a patient at Lone Star Neurology for several years. Now both my adult daughters also are patients there. I... love Jodie. She is always so prompt whether it is a teleamed call are a visit in the office. She takes the time to explain everything to me and answers all my questions. I am so blessed to have Jodie as my doctor.read more
Susan Miller
Susan Miller
03:01 13 Jan 21
My husband had an accident 5 years ago and Lone Star Neurology has been such a blessing to us with my husbands care.... Jodie Moore is his provider and she is amazing! Jodie is very knowledgeable, caring, and thorough. She takes her time with you, making sure your needs are met and she is happy to answer any questions you may have. Lone Star Neurology’s patients are very lucky to have Jodie providing their care. Thank you Lone Star Neurology and especially Jodie for everything you have done for us. Jodie, you are the best!read more
Windalyn C
Windalyn C
01:32 09 Jan 21
Jodie is wonderful. She is very caring and knowledgeable. I have been to over a dozen neurologists, and none were able... to help me as much as they have here. Thanks!read more
Katie Kordel
Katie Kordel
00:40 09 Jan 21
Jodi Moore, nurse practitioner, is amazing. I have suffered from frequent, debilitating headaches for almost 20 years.... She has provided the best proactive and responsive care I have ever received. My quality of life has been greatly improved by her caring approach and tenacity in finding solutions.read more
Ellie Natsis
Ellie Natsis
15:41 07 Jan 21
I have had the best experience at this neurologist's office! For over a year I have been receiving iv treatments here... each month and my nurse, Bobbie is beyond wonderful!! She's so attentive, knowledgeable, caring, and detail oriented. She makes an otherwise uncomfortable experience much more pleasant and definitely puts me at ease! She also helps me with my insurance,ordering this specialty medication and dealing with the ordering process which is no easy feat.Needless to say, she goes above a beyond in every way and I'm so grateful to this office and to Bobbie for all they do for me!read more
Matt Morris
Matt Morris
15:39 07 Jan 21
Let me start by saying that I have been coming here for years. Due to my autoimmune disease, I am in this office... once every three weeks for multiple hours at a time. The office is very clean and the staff very friendly. My only complaint would be there communication via phone. They aren't the best at responding if you leave a voicemail and expect a call back. I understand that this is prob just due to the sheer number of alls they receive daily. What I can say I like the best about the office are the people. Bobby who handles my infusions is great. I never have any issues with her setting up my infusions. She is very quick to reply to messages sent via text and if she were to leave then my whole opinion of the office may change. I also enjoy people like Matt, Lauren, and Jodi. I appreciate all that they do for me and without this team I'm not sure I would be as happy as I am to visit the office as frequently as I have to. Please ensure that these folks are recognized as they are what makes my visit to this office so tolerable :).read more
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