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Types and Causes of Neurological Eye Disorders

Sandeep Dhanyamraju MD
Medically reviewed by Sandeep Dhanyamraju
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Sandeep Dhanyamraju MD
Medically reviewed by Sandeep Dhanyamraju

The health of the nervous system and vision are closely interrelated. Decreased vision can sometimes be an indicator of an underlying disease. Neurological eye disorders can have a significant impact on a person’s well-being. Including cause loss of vision. These disorders can affect the nerves and muscles that control vision and movement. They can also impair the function of the optic nerve. This can lead to partial or complete neurological vision loss.

Early intervention is critical for any neurological condition. Timely diagnosis and treatment can effectively manage symptoms and prevent further deterioration. In some cases, it can even help restore vision. Treatment plans for neurological eye disorders develop, taking into account individual characteristics. They may include an integrated approach that includes non-invasive or minimally invasive methods. Among these methods, use such as medications, surgery, or lifestyle changes.

In this article, we will explore the different types of neurological eye disease. We will also discuss their causes and symptoms. By improving our understanding of these conditions, we will be able to manage them better. 

What Neurological Disorders Affect Your Eyes? – Types

Neurological eye disorders can have a significant impact on your eye health. These diseases can cause a wide range of eye symptoms. They range from mild discomfort to severe vision loss. Millions of people around the world suffer from visual disturbance. They can subsequently lead to eye problems. 

Below we discuss some of the most common neurological eye disorders. These are the ones that can affect vision. By understanding these conditions, you will be able to take steps to protect your eye health. In doing so, you will be able to get treatment on time if necessary.

Optic Neuropathies

Damage to the optic nerve, which carries visual information, can lead to neurological eye problems. This leads to a condition called optical neuropathy. Optical neuropathy can lead to blindness. So, seeking medical attention as soon as symptoms appear is important Symptoms may include pain when moving the eye and temporary neurological vision loss.

The eye plays a vital role in our quality of life, as the brain uses visual information to interpret images. Optic neuropathies are the most common form of optic neuropathy. It is often associated with inflammatory diseases. Diseases often include multiple sclerosis, lupus, or infections. Other diseases can affect the optic nerve. These include thyroid disease, brain tumors, strokes, gigantocellular arteritis, and idiopathic intracranial hypertension.

Diseases that cause inflammation in the body can lead to optic nerve swelling. This causes damage to the protective sheath surrounding the nerve. It can also damage the nerve itself. Symptoms may include: 

  • Pain with eye movement;
  • Blurred vision;
  • Blind spots;
  • Decreased color vision;
  • Complete loss of vision. 

Neurological vision loss may be gradual or sudden. Sudden vision changes indicate a possible change in blood flow to the optic nerve. In other words, it is a transient ischemic attack.

Optic Neuritis

The optic nerve handles transmitting information about shape, color, and pattern. It transmits information from the eye to the visual centers of the brain. Optic neuritis is a disease characterized by inflammation of the optic nerve. It can lead to blurry, gray, or dim vision. The severity of symptoms depends on the degree of inflammation.

Symptoms of optic neuritis may include clouding, gray or dim vision, pain in the back of the eye, and worsening symptoms in hot environments or after physical activity or taking a shower. If you experience any of these symptoms, seek medical attention immediately. Your doctor may refer you to a hospital emergency room if optic neuritis suspects you. The disease often occurs in only one eye.

Giant Cell (Temporal) Arteritis

Temporal arteritis, also known as gigantocellular arteritis (GCA). It is a form of vasculitis that affects medium and large arteries. It especially affects the arteries of the head and neck. It can cause several symptoms, such as headache, jaw pain, and visual disturbances. Many neurological eye disorders can impact the eyes and vision, including:

  1. Parkinson’s disease;
  2. Alzheimer’s disease;
  3. Stroke;
  4. Epilepsy;
  5. Brain tumors;
  6. Optic neuropathy;
  7. Migraine;
  8. Myasthenia gravis.

Chiasm Disorders

Diseases where the optic nerves of both eyes cross know as optic chiasm disorders. The normal functioning of this area ensures proper vision field and depth perception. Chiasm disorders can interfere with a person’s ability to perceive everything. This potentially creates a hazard while driving. The symptoms of these neurological eye disorders can vary. These include changes or loss of vision, headaches, double vision, and problems with depth perception. Symptoms can vary depending on the severity and location of the disorder but may include: 

  • Vision loss or changes;
  • Headaches;
  • Double vision;
  • Problems with depth perception.

Diagnosis of visual disturbance usually requires a comprehensive eye examination. Additionally, a neurological examination and imaging tests were performed. Treatment options depend on the underlying cause. These may include medications, surgery, and vision correction. Seeking immediate medical attention for any changes or neurological vision loss is critical. Because early diagnosis can help prevent further vision loss.

neurological eye disorders symptoms

Symptoms of Neurological Vision Loss

There are situations when the brain, optic nerve, or other parts of the nervous system are damaged or do not function properly. This can lead to neurological vision loss, which is visual impairment. Symptoms of neurological vision loss can vary. They vary depending on the underlying specific location of neurological eye problems. Some common symptoms include:

  • Blurred or distorted vision;
  • Double vision;
  • Loss of peripheral vision;
  • Difficulty with depth perception;
  • Problems with eye movement;
  • Headaches; 
  • Eye pain;
  • Sensitivity to light.

What Causes Neurological Vision Problems?

Neurological eye problems can cause by various conditions that affect the nervous system. Patients may need to identify, treat, and manage several of these conditions. They include:

  1. Optic neuritis, is inflammation of the optic nerve. It often occurs in patients with multiple sclerosis.
  2. Ischemic optic neuropathy, which is neurological vision loss that occurs due to low blood flow to the optic nerve.
  3. Pseudotumor cerebri or idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH). It’s caused by increased pressure of cerebrospinal fluid in the head.
  4. Pituitary tumors, orbital or brain tumors, optic nerve or optic chiasm tumors.
  5. Temporal arteritis, an inflammatory condition. It can cause blindness in both eyes in people over age 55.
  6. Stroke, which can lead to a loss of brain function. It may result in loss of peripheral visual field, nystagmus, or eye misalignment.
  7. Cranial nerve palsy, or optic disk drusen. This leads to the formation of small calcium deposits in the optic nerves. These can affect peripheral vision.
  8. Nystagmus, a condition of involuntary, repetitive movements of the eyeballs. This often accompanies other brain problems.
  9. Anisocoria, or pupils of different sizes. These may result from various brain and eye conditions.
  10. Myasthenia gravis, an autoimmune condition often affecting the eyelids and extraocular muscles.
  11. Double vision, a condition in which the eyes are not in line with each other and which resolves. This occurs when one eye covers.

It is important to determine the underlying cause of your neurological eye problems. This is necessary to get the appropriate treatment as early as possible. If you are experiencing changes in your vision, it’s recommended that you seek the advice of a medical professional.


  • Can eye doctors detect neurological problems?

Yes, eye doctors can detect neurological problems. The eyes connect to the brain through the optic nerve. Changes in eye appearance or function may be a sign of neurological problems. Doctors may look for signs of neurological disorders during an eye exam. These include checking the visual field and examining the optic nerve.

  • What are 4 common eye disorders that affect vision?

Many different eye disorders can affect vision, but here are four common ones:

  1. Cataracts;
  2. Diabetes-related retinopathy;
  3. Glaucoma;
  4. Age-related macular degeneration.
  • How are neurological eye disorders diagnosed?

Neurological eye disease diagnoses through a comprehensive eye examination. Imaging studies and other diagnostic procedures are also used. They will depend on the suspected underlying cause.

  • How are neurological eye disorders treated?

Treatment of neurological eye disease depends on the underlying cause. It may include medications, surgery, vision therapy, and other rehabilitation methods.

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Edward Medina
Edward Medina
15:34 30 Jun 22
Just such an amazing staff that makes you feel like part of their family. I’ve been going there for over 5 years now... and each visit I get the very best care and treatments that I have ever received in the 20+ years that I’ve been dealing with severe debilitating migraines. Since i started seeing them the number of my migraines has dropped from 15-20 a month to 2-3 every 3 month. I highly recommend them …they will change your life!read more
Daneisha Johnson
Daneisha Johnson
22:20 19 May 22
Dr. Askari was very kind and explained everything so I could understand. The other staff were nice as well. I would... have gave 5 stars but I was a little taken aback when I checked in and had to pay 600.00 upfront. I think that should have been discussed in a appointment confirmation call or email just so I could have been more
Jean Cooper
Jean Cooper
16:54 29 Apr 22
I love the office staff they are friendly and very helpful. Dr. JODIE is very caring and understanding to your needs... and wants to help you. I will go back. would recommend Dr. Dr. Jodie to other Patients in a heart beat. The team works well more
Linda M
Linda M
19:40 02 Apr 22
I was obviously stressed, needing to see a neurologist. The staff was so patient and Dr. Ansari was so kind. At one... point he told me to relax, we have time, when I was relaying my history of my condition. That helped ease my stress. I have seen 3 other neurologists and he was the only one who performed any assessment tests on my cognitive and physical skills. At one point I couldn't complete two assessments and got upset and cried. I was told, it's OK. That's why you're here. I was truly impressed, and super pleased with the whole experience!read more
Leslie Durham
Leslie Durham
15:05 01 Apr 22
I've been coming here for about 5 years. The staff are ALWAYS friendly and knowledgeable. The Doctors are the absolute... best!! Jodie Moore is always in such a great mood which is a plus when you are already stressed. Highly recommendedread more
Monica Del Bosque
Monica Del Bosque
14:13 25 Mar 22
Since my first post my thoughts have changed here. It's unfortunate. My doctor and PA were great, but the office staff... is horrible. They never call you back when they say they will, they misinform you, they cause you too much stress wondering what's going on, they don't keep you posted. They never answer the phone. At this point I've left four messages in the last week, and I have sent three messages. Twice from their portal and one direct email. No response. My appointment is on Monday morning at 8:30am, no confirmation on my insurance and what's going on. What the heck is going on, this is ridiculous!I've given up... the stress her office staff has put me through is just not worth it. You can do so much better, please clean house, either change out your office staff, or find a way for them to be more efficient please. You have to do something. This is not how you want to run your practice. It leaves a very bad impression on your more
Ron Buckholz
Ron Buckholz
23:32 23 Mar 22
I was actually pleasantly surprised with this visit! It took me a long time to get the appointment scheduled because no... one answers your phones EVER! After a month, I finally got in, and your staff was warm, friendly, and I was totally impressed! I feel like you will take care of my needs!read more
Steve Nabavi
Steve Nabavi
16:28 16 Mar 22
It was a nice visit. Happy staff doing all they can do to comfort the patients in a very calming environment. You ask... me they are earned a big gold star on the fridge. My only complaint they didn't give me any more
Katie Lewis
Katie Lewis
16:10 10 Feb 22
Had very positive appointments with Jodie and Dr. Sheth for my migraine care. Jodie was so fast with the injections and... has so much valuable info. I started to feel light headed during checkout and the staff was SO helpful—giving me a chair, water, and taking me into a private room until I felt better. Highly recommend this practice for migraine patients, they know what they’re doing!!read more
Joshua Martinez
Joshua Martinez
16:02 10 Dec 21
I was scheduled to be checked and just want to say that the staff was fantastic. They were kind and helpful. I was... asked many questions related to what was going on and not once did I feel as though I was being brushed off. The front desk staff was especially great in assisting me. I'm scheduled to go back for a mri and am glad that I'll be going more
Isabel Ivy
Isabel Ivy
21:42 03 Nov 21
I had such a good experience with Lone Star Neurology, Brent my MRI Tech was so awesome and made sure I was very... comfortable during the appointment. He gave me ear plugs, a pillow, leg support and blanket, easiest MRI ever lol 🤣 My 72 hour EEG nurse Amanda was also so awesome. She made sure I was take care of over the 3 days and took her time with the electrodes to make sure it was comfortable for me! Paige was also a huge help in answering all my questions when it came to my test results, and letting me know her honest opinions about how I should go forth with my more
Leslie Luce
Leslie Luce
17:37 20 Oct 21
The professionalism and want to help attitude of this office was present from the moment I contacted them. The follow... up and follow through as well as their willingness to find a way to schedule my dad was above and beyond. We visited two offices in the same day with the same experience. I am appreciative of this—we spend a lot of time with doctors and this was top notch start to more
robert Parker
robert Parker
16:38 16 Apr 21
I love going to this office. The staff is friendly and helpful. The doctor is great. I am getting the best... neurological tests and treatment I have ever had. The only reason I did not give them a 5 star rating is because it is impossible to reach a live person at the office to reschedule appointments. Every time I have tried to get through to the office it says all people are busy and I am sent to a voicemail. If they could get their phone answering fixed, I would give them a strong 5 more
MaryAnn Hornbaker
MaryAnn Hornbaker
00:26 25 Feb 21
Dr. Harney is an excellent Dr. I found him friendly , personable and thorough. I evidently am an unusual case. ... Therefore he spent a Hugh amount of time educating me. He even gave me literature to further explain my condition and how to follow up. This is something you rarely get from your doctors. So I am more than please with my doctor and his more
Roger Arguello
Roger Arguello
03:05 29 Jan 21
Always courteous, professional. The staff is very friendly and always work with you to find the best appointment time.... The care team has been great. Always taking the time to listen to your concerns and to find the best more
Margaret Rowland
Margaret Rowland
01:12 27 Jan 21
I have been a patient at Lone Star Neurology for several years. Now both my adult daughters also are patients there. I... love Jodie. She is always so prompt whether it is a teleamed call are a visit in the office. She takes the time to explain everything to me and answers all my questions. I am so blessed to have Jodie as my more
Susan Miller
Susan Miller
03:01 13 Jan 21
My husband had an accident 5 years ago and Lone Star Neurology has been such a blessing to us with my husbands care.... Jodie Moore is his provider and she is amazing! Jodie is very knowledgeable, caring, and thorough. She takes her time with you, making sure your needs are met and she is happy to answer any questions you may have. Lone Star Neurology’s patients are very lucky to have Jodie providing their care. Thank you Lone Star Neurology and especially Jodie for everything you have done for us. Jodie, you are the best!read more
Windalyn C
Windalyn C
01:32 09 Jan 21
Jodie is wonderful. She is very caring and knowledgeable. I have been to over a dozen neurologists, and none were able... to help me as much as they have here. Thanks!read more
Katie Kordel
Katie Kordel
00:40 09 Jan 21
Jodi Moore, nurse practitioner, is amazing. I have suffered from frequent, debilitating headaches for almost 20 years.... She has provided the best proactive and responsive care I have ever received. My quality of life has been greatly improved by her caring approach and tenacity in finding more
Ellie Natsis
Ellie Natsis
15:41 07 Jan 21
I have had the best experience at this neurologist's office! For over a year I have been receiving iv treatments here... each month and my nurse, Bobbie is beyond wonderful!! She's so attentive, knowledgeable, caring, and detail oriented. She makes an otherwise uncomfortable experience much more pleasant and definitely puts me at ease! She also helps me with my insurance,ordering this specialty medication and dealing with the ordering process which is no easy feat.Needless to say, she goes above a beyond in every way and I'm so grateful to this office and to Bobbie for all they do for me!read more
Matt Morris
Matt Morris
15:39 07 Jan 21
Let me start by saying that I have been coming here for years. Due to my autoimmune disease, I am in this office... once every three weeks for multiple hours at a time. The office is very clean and the staff very friendly. My only complaint would be there communication via phone. They aren't the best at responding if you leave a voicemail and expect a call back. I understand that this is prob just due to the sheer number of alls they receive daily. What I can say I like the best about the office are the people. Bobby who handles my infusions is great. I never have any issues with her setting up my infusions. She is very quick to reply to messages sent via text and if she were to leave then my whole opinion of the office may change. I also enjoy people like Matt, Lauren, and Jodi. I appreciate all that they do for me and without this team I'm not sure I would be as happy as I am to visit the office as frequently as I have to. Please ensure that these folks are recognized as they are what makes my visit to this office so tolerable :).read more
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