Human physiology causes a range of neurological diseases to manifest. People are often in a nervous state. But nerve cells do not restore or grow as muscles or bones. Besides, the nervous system has a tight bond with the brain and spinal cord. Damage to even a tiny part of them can lead to severe consequences. So, among the common neurological diseases are:
- Asthenic syndrome;
One of the main causes of impairment worldwide is neurological diseases. These disorders can be a reason for genetic factors, infections, and trauma. And such a problem can arise at any age. Neurological disorders can manifest both physically and psychologically. It can affect mental, physical, and social abilities. And if the symptoms are not alleviated, the condition can significantly worsen the patient’s life. So, a timely visit to a neurologist is essential. This doctor can help find problems in your nervous system and prescribe therapy.
List of Neurological Disorders
Injuries, age changes, and negative life factors – all contribute to neurological conditions. With age, the probability of such illnesses increases. Thus, regular examination by a neurologist is mandatory. After all, the human body accumulates negative factors from an incorrect lifestyle. It can be stress, nervousness, and a bad environment. The nervous system can not ignore it. So, over time, it all turns into neurological diseases. Pathological states of the nervous system have three groups:
- a group of diseases with damage to the central nervous system;
- a group of disorders with damage to the peripheral nervous system;
- a group of conditions involving both the central and peripheral nervous systems.
That is, neurological disorders can occur in any system of your body. And, of course, among them, some are found in people most often. Which exactly? Keep a list of neurological disorders:
It is a complex and exhausting neurological pathology. It periodically occurs and is localized more often on one side of the head. And this causes pain and problems for the sick person in social life.
If you don’t start treatment in time, it can provoke visual disturbances and nausea. Also, symptoms can progress by provoking stress factors, food allergens, and strong external influences.
It is a disease of the nervous system that leads to dementia. It has gradual, slow development. During it, the mental abilities of the patient decrease. The signs of a neurological problem worsen over time. Typically, it affects people over 65.
The hallmark features of Alzheimer’s are the presence of abnormal protein deposits in the brain. They are amyloid plaques and tau tangles. They interfere with the communication between brain cells and lead to cell death. It results in cognitive function and memory loss.
This disease is a common neurological pathology that affects every hundredth person on the planet. So, epilepsy is on the top list of neurological disorders. It manifests in the form of motor, vegetative and mental disorders. During an attack, a person completely loses control over their actions.
Epilepsy can have a significant impact on a person’s daily life. So it’s vital to receive appropriate care from medical professionals. With good treatment, many people with epilepsy can lead full and active lives.
It is a critical failure of blood circulation in the brain. This neurological disease forms brain-wide or localized neurological signs. And mainly, it affects older adults over 60.
80% of brain strokes are of the ischemic type. It is characterized by an arterial vessel’s lack of supply to the brain. The greater the area of blood vessels overlap, the greater the damage to the brain. The patient’s condition, method, and recovery duration depend on the damage size.
5. Asthenic syndrome
Almost every person is under constant stress and has a lack of sleep. It is the main trigger for the development of asthenia. It is a common neurological disorder characterized by severe fatigue.
Common illness symptoms are high fatigue, irritability, mood swings, and sleep disturbances. If you ignore it, sooner or later, the disease leads to severe mental health diseases and not only that.
First Signs and Symptoms of Neurological Problems
Do you feel headaches, dizziness, and tingling? All these seem to be normal signs of the body. So, not all people attach importance to it as they think it is usual. However, when you experience the manifestation of these symptoms constantly and with increasing intensity, it is a reason to consult a neurologist. After all, neurological disorders have various symptoms, from mild to very serious. Their first signs depend on their type and place of appearance in the nervous system.
The biggest problem is that the initial signs of such illnesses are not visible. You may have the usual mild headache, which you relieve with a pill. But when it begins to manifest itself, it becomes clear that it is a manifestation of some disease.
In any case, any neurological disease is dangerous due to its complications. The most severe of which is coma and death. Thus, in case of detection of the next signs of neurological problems, consult a neurologist:
1. Speech disorders
This symptom can be a manifestation of various common neurological disorders. It includes cerebral stroke, brain injury, dementia, epilepsy, paralysis, and coordination disorders. Speech disorders can manifest in various ways, depending on the type of infection.
Thus, immediately consult a doctor when you notice changes in speech. Timely treatment of neurological diseases will save you from harmful consequences.
Headache is a common symptom that can have a bond with various neurological diseases. When the headache is a manifestation of such problems, the next pain signs are possible:
Pain can be local in different parts of the head.
Accompanying signs include phobias, fatigue, nausea, and others. Headaches can be long-lasting and recurrent in the case of migraine.
A seizure is a sudden nervous system excitation and unusual brain activity. It starts in one body part and can spread to another. The main symptoms of attacks include unpredictable, rhythmic body movements and muscle spasms.
There are also other signs of neurological problems of seizures. They have less obvious symptoms and manifest as dizziness, strangeness, and muscle spasms.
4. Chronic pain in the back and neck
Most often, pain in the back and neck is a reason for infections in the spine. It is one of the most common manifestations of neurological disorders. It can be osteochondrosis, scoliosis, and herniated disc. And it manifests itself as follows:
- Muscle weakness in the neck and back.
- A feeling of pressure, tightness, or pressure in the neck and back.
- The discomfort increases when sitting or standing for a long time.
- Restriction of movements in the neck or back provokes painful spasms.
5. Burning and tingling in different parts of the body
Paresthesia or tingling in the body is a sensation that is a “pinching” feeling in various parts of the body. This sign of neurological problems can be temporary or last longer. It depends on its cause.
Paresthesias can be isolated or felt all over the body. This feeling can be due to various reasons:
- pressure on the nerve;
- mechanical damage to nervous tissue; static state;
- an extended stay in one position.
A Word From Lone Star Neurologists
Every year, the list of neurological disorders increases. And many of them are the result of ignoring the advice of a neurologist. Thus, to protect your nervous system, contact Lone Star Neurologists. Thanks to our experience, and the latest treatment schemes, we will help examine your body. We will prescribe treatment and ensure your health is in excellent condition.
- What are the top 5 common nervous system disorders?
Among the top 5 common nervous system disorders are:
- A stroke.
- Asthenic syndrome.
- What are the early signs of neurological problems?
Early signs of neurological problems can include:
- memory loss;
- altered sleep patterns;
- loss of feeling, or tingling.
- What are the red flags in the neurological examination?
Some common red flags include:
- sudden onset of severe headache;
- loss of coordination;
- paralysis of one or more limbs;
- speech difficulties.
These symptoms require further testing or treatment by the doctor.
- Can neuro problems be cured?
Since the nervous system does not regenerate, most neurological disorders can not be cured. But you can undergo regular rehabilitation that alleviates the symptoms.