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A Guide to Living with Someone with a Brain Injury

Ramin Ansari MD
Medically reviewed by Ramin Ansari
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Ramin Ansari MD
Medically reviewed by Ramin Ansari

Living with someone who has a brain trauma can be hard. It happens when something hurts the brain, like an accident or a stroke. This can change how the person thinks, feels, and acts. This article, “A Guide to Living with Someone with a Brain Injury,” is here to help people who take care of someone with a brain trauma, like family or friends.

In this guide, we will talk about different parts of living with someone with a brain injury. We’ll learn about how the trauma affects them and how they can get better. We’ll also talk about how to give them emotional support and make a happy home for them. Taking care of yourself is important too, and we’ll give you tips for that. Learning and caring can make life better for your loved one and yourself during this tough time.

Introduction to Brain Injuries

A brain trauma can be a life-altering event, not only for the person affected but also for their loved ones. Understanding care for someone with brain injury basics is crucial in providing the necessary support.

In this block, we’ll delve into the fundamentals of brain traumas. We will focus on their causes and the impact they can have on individuals and their families.

Types of Brain Injuries

Brain traumas come in various forms. Each has its set of challenges and implications. To better comprehend the journey ahead, let’s explore the different types:

  • Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI). Traumatic Brain Injury, or TBI, is one of the most common types of brain trauma. It occurs as a result of a sudden, violent blow or jolt to the head, leading to damage to the brain. TBIs can range from mild concussions to severe traumas with long-lasting effects. Understanding the severity of the TBI is essential. It determines the level of care and TBI family support needed.
  • Acquired Brain Injury (ABI). Acquired Brain Injury encompasses a broader spectrum of traumas. They occur after birth and are not hereditary or congenital. These traumas can result from various factors. They’re infections, strokes, tumors, or lack of oxygen to the brain. ABIs can be challenging to diagnose and manage due to their diverse causes.
  • Concussion. Concussions are mild TBIs that often go undetected or are underestimated. They may not appear as severe as other brain traumas. However, concussions can have lasting effects on cognitive and emotional functions. Recognizing the signs of a concussion is crucial for timely intervention.
  • Stroke. A stroke is a specific type of brain trauma caused by the interruption of blood flow to the brain. It can result in significant damage to brain cells and functions. It leads to various physical and cognitive impairments. Stroke survivors need extensive care and TBI family support during their recovery.
  • Anoxic Brain Injury. Anoxic brain trauma occurs when the brain is deprived of oxygen for an extended period. This can happen due to drowning, choking, or heart-related conditions. The lack of oxygen can cause severe damage to brain cells. And it often leads to long-term disabilities.

Impact on Family Life

Brain traumas not only affect the individual. But they also have a profound impact on their family members and caregivers. Understanding how brain traumas can alter family dynamics and emotional well-being is essential:

Coping with a loved one’s brain trauma can be emotionally taxing. Family members often experience a range of emotions. It includes grief, frustration, guilt, and anxiety. It’s crucial to acknowledge and address these emotions. It’s to maintain the well-being of the injured individual and those caring for someone with brain injury. 

father and son sitting on sofa

Living with Someone with a Brain Injury

The journey of living with brain injury is filled with unique challenges. In this block, we will explore the day-to-day realities of caregiving. We will focus on the emotional aspects and the importance of communication.

Emotional Challenges

Caring for a loved one with a brain trauma can be emotionally challenging. Understanding and addressing these emotional challenges is crucial:

  • Grief and Loss. One of the most common emotions experienced by caregivers is grief. Grief for the life that was, the person the survivor used to be, and the dreams that may now be altered. It’s essential to allow space for this grief and seek support when needed.
  • Frustration and Helplessness. While caring for TBI patients at home, one may often feel frustrated or helpless. It’s when faced with the limitations and difficulties that come with brain traumas. It’s important to communicate these feelings and seek help and respite when necessary.
  • Burnout and Self-Care. Caregiving can be physically and emotionally exhausting. Burnout is a real concern; caregivers must focus on self-care to avoid it.

Physical Care Needs

The physical care needs of someone with a brain trauma can vary. It greatly depends on the severity of their condition. Caregivers must be ready to adapt and provide the necessary care for someone with brain injury:

  • Activities of Daily Living (ADLs). Many survivors of brain traumas need help with basic activities of daily living. They’re bathing, dressing, and grooming. Caregivers may need to learn new techniques or use adaptive equipment to aid in these tasks.
  • Medication Management. Some survivors may need medication to manage symptoms or prevent complications. Caregivers must ensure that medications are taken correctly and on schedule.
  • Mobility and Ambulation. Mobility issues are common after brain traumas. And caregivers may need to assist with transferring the survivor from bed to chair.


Effective communication is crucial in caring for TBI patients at home. Brain traumas can affect speech and language abilities. It makes it necessary to find alternative means of communication:

  • Augmentative and Alternative Communication (AAC). For survivors with communication difficulties, AAC devices or methods ease communication. Caregivers may need training to use these tools effectively.
  • Patience and Understanding. Communication challenges can be frustrating for both the survivor and the caregiver. Patience, active listening, and empathy are key to maintaining a positive environment.


Caring for TBI Patients at Home

Providing care involves creating a safe and supportive environment, addressing medical needs, and seeking family support. In this block, we will explore the practical aspects of home care for TBI patients.

Home Modifications

Adapting the home environment to accommodate the needs of a TBI patient is essential:

  • Safety Measures. Installing handrails, non-slip flooring, and adequate lighting can prevent falls and accidents. Removing tripping hazards and securing furniture are also crucial safety measures.
  • Accessibility. For patients with mobility issues, for TBI family support, it may be necessary to widen doorways. Install ramps or modify bathrooms to make them wheelchair accessible.
  • Quiet and Calm Environment. Many TBI patients are sensitive to noise and stimulation. Creating a quiet, calm living space can help reduce stress and sensory overload.

Creating a Safe Environment

Safety is a top priority when caring for TBI patients at home. Caregivers should be vigilant and proactive in preventing accidents. And they must ensure the patient’s well-being:

  • Supervision. Constant supervision may be necessary. It’s especially if the patient is at risk of wandering or engaging in unsafe behaviors.
  • Medication Management. Keeping medications secure and administering them as prescribed is essential. It’s to prevent accidental overdoses or missed doses.
  • Fall Prevention. Taking steps to prevent falls can significantly reduce the risk of traumas.

Medical Care

TBI patients often need ongoing medical care and monitoring. In case of caring for someone with a brain injury, you must know about your loved one’s medical needs. And you must work closely with healthcare professionals:

  • Rehabilitation. Physical therapy, occupational therapy, and speech therapy are common. Caregivers should ensure the patient attends therapy sessions regularly.
  • Medication Management. Patients may need medications to manage symptoms. They’re seizures, pain, or mood disorders. Caregivers must maintain a medication schedule. They must track for side effects and communicate any concerns to healthcare providers.
  • Doctor’s Appointments. TBI patients often have follow-up appointments with neurologists, rehabilitation specialists, and other professionals. Caregivers should keep a record of appointments, medications, and changes in the patient’s condition. 

Family Support

Caring for a TBI patient can be overwhelming. And that’s where TBI family support comes in.  It’s to prevent burnout and maintain the well-being of caregivers:

  • Sharing Responsibilities. It’s essential to involve other family members in caregiving tasks and responsibilities. Sharing the workload can prevent one caregiver from becoming excessively stressed and exhausted.
  • Support Groups. Joining a support group for caregivers of TBI patients can provide emotional support. These groups offer a platform to connect with others facing similar challenges.
  • Respite Care. Taking breaks from caregiving is vital to prevent burnout. Respite care services provide temporary relief for caregivers. It allows them to recharge and take care of their own needs.

a daughter measures her father's blood pressure at home

TBI Recovery Tips

Recovery from a traumatic brain injury is a complex and ongoing process. In this block, we will explore strategies and tips to support the recovery journey of TBI patients.

Physical Therapy

Physical therapy plays a significant role in the rehabilitation of TBI patients. It helps them regain strength, mobility, and independence. It includes:

  • Setting Realistic Goals. Setting achievable goals is essential in physical therapy. Both the patient and caregiver should work with the therapist. It’s to establish realistic milestones and track progress.
  • Consistency. Consistency is key in this TBI recovery tip. Regular sessions and at-home exercises are essential to maintain and improve physical function.
  • Patience and Encouragement. Recovery from a brain trauma can be slow and frustrating. Caregivers should provide patience and encouragement. It’s to keep the patient motivated during therapy sessions.

Occupational Therapy

Occupational therapy focuses on helping TBI patients regain their skills. Those necessary for daily living and independence:

  • Daily Living Skills. Occupational therapists work on activities of daily living (ADLs). They’re dressing, grooming, cooking, and cleaning. Caregivers can reinforce these skills at home.
  • Assistive Devices. Occupational therapists may recommend assistive devices or adaptive techniques as TBI recovery tips. It’s to make daily tasks more manageable for the patient.
  • Environmental Modifications. Modifying the home environment to accommodate the patient’s needs is vital. Caregivers should work closely with therapists to install these changes.

Cognitive Rehabilitation

Cognitive rehabilitation helps TBI patients improve cognitive functions. They’re memory, attention, and problem-solving:

  • Brain Games and Exercises. Brain games can help stimulate cognitive function and be great TBI recovery tips. Caregivers can encourage and take part in these activities with the patient.
  • Routine and Structure. Establishing a daily routine and providing a structured environment can support cognitive rehabilitation. 
  • Memory Aids. Using calendars, reminders, and notes can help.

Emotional Support

Emotional well-being is a crucial aspect of TBI recovery. Caregivers can play a significant role in providing emotional support as TBI recovery tip:

  • Open Communication. Encourage open and honest communication with the TBI patient. Allow them to express their feelings and concerns without judgment.
  • Seek Professional Help. If the patient experiences mood changes, depression, or anxiety, seeking professional mental health support is essential.
  • Engage in Enjoyable Activities. Participating in enjoyable activities can boost the patient’s mood. Caregivers should help identify and ease these activities.


Living with someone with a brain injury is a challenging journey. It requires patience, understanding, and continuous learning. This guide has provided an in-depth exploration of:

  • Brain traumas.
  • Their impact on family life.
  • Caregiving responsibilities.
  • Home care strategies.
  • And tips for supporting TBI recovery.

It’s important to remember that every brain trauma is unique. The challenges and needs of TBI patients may vary widely. 


How can I support a loved one with TBI at home?

Supporting a loved one with TBI at home:

  • Be patient and understanding of their limitations.
  • Create a structured and safe environment.
  • Assist with daily activities as needed.
  • Encourage communication and emotional support.
  • Follow medical recommendations and attend therapy sessions.


Are there any specific lifestyle changes that can help in TBI recovery?

Lifestyle changes for TBI recovery:

  • Ensure a balanced diet for brain health.
  • Promote regular exercise within their capabilities.
  • Encourage adequate sleep and rest.
  • Minimize stress and avoid overstimulation.
  • Monitor and manage medications as prescribed.


How can I find local support groups for TBI?

Finding local support groups for TBI:

  • Contact local hospitals or rehabilitation centers.
  • Consult TBI-focused nonprofits or associations.
  • Use online resources like TBI-specific websites or forums.
  • Ask healthcare professionals for recommendations.
  • Check with community centers or mental health organizations.

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Edward Medina
Edward Medina
15:34 30 Jun 22
Just such an amazing staff that makes you feel like part of their family. I’ve been going there for over 5 years now... and each visit I get the very best care and treatments that I have ever received in the 20+ years that I’ve been dealing with severe debilitating migraines. Since i started seeing them the number of my migraines has dropped from 15-20 a month to 2-3 every 3 month. I highly recommend them …they will change your life!read more
Daneisha Johnson
Daneisha Johnson
22:20 19 May 22
Dr. Askari was very kind and explained everything so I could understand. The other staff were nice as well. I would... have gave 5 stars but I was a little taken aback when I checked in and had to pay 600.00 upfront. I think that should have been discussed in a appointment confirmation call or email just so I could have been more
Jean Cooper
Jean Cooper
16:54 29 Apr 22
I love the office staff they are friendly and very helpful. Dr. JODIE is very caring and understanding to your needs... and wants to help you. I will go back. would recommend Dr. Dr. Jodie to other Patients in a heart beat. The team works well more
Linda M
Linda M
19:40 02 Apr 22
I was obviously stressed, needing to see a neurologist. The staff was so patient and Dr. Ansari was so kind. At one... point he told me to relax, we have time, when I was relaying my history of my condition. That helped ease my stress. I have seen 3 other neurologists and he was the only one who performed any assessment tests on my cognitive and physical skills. At one point I couldn't complete two assessments and got upset and cried. I was told, it's OK. That's why you're here. I was truly impressed, and super pleased with the whole experience!read more
Leslie Durham
Leslie Durham
15:05 01 Apr 22
I've been coming here for about 5 years. The staff are ALWAYS friendly and knowledgeable. The Doctors are the absolute... best!! Jodie Moore is always in such a great mood which is a plus when you are already stressed. Highly recommendedread more
Monica Del Bosque
Monica Del Bosque
14:13 25 Mar 22
Since my first post my thoughts have changed here. It's unfortunate. My doctor and PA were great, but the office staff... is horrible. They never call you back when they say they will, they misinform you, they cause you too much stress wondering what's going on, they don't keep you posted. They never answer the phone. At this point I've left four messages in the last week, and I have sent three messages. Twice from their portal and one direct email. No response. My appointment is on Monday morning at 8:30am, no confirmation on my insurance and what's going on. What the heck is going on, this is ridiculous!I've given up... the stress her office staff has put me through is just not worth it. You can do so much better, please clean house, either change out your office staff, or find a way for them to be more efficient please. You have to do something. This is not how you want to run your practice. It leaves a very bad impression on your more
Ron Buckholz
Ron Buckholz
23:32 23 Mar 22
I was actually pleasantly surprised with this visit! It took me a long time to get the appointment scheduled because no... one answers your phones EVER! After a month, I finally got in, and your staff was warm, friendly, and I was totally impressed! I feel like you will take care of my needs!read more
Steve Nabavi
Steve Nabavi
16:28 16 Mar 22
It was a nice visit. Happy staff doing all they can do to comfort the patients in a very calming environment. You ask... me they are earned a big gold star on the fridge. My only complaint they didn't give me any more
Katie Lewis
Katie Lewis
16:10 10 Feb 22
Had very positive appointments with Jodie and Dr. Sheth for my migraine care. Jodie was so fast with the injections and... has so much valuable info. I started to feel light headed during checkout and the staff was SO helpful—giving me a chair, water, and taking me into a private room until I felt better. Highly recommend this practice for migraine patients, they know what they’re doing!!read more
Joshua Martinez
Joshua Martinez
16:02 10 Dec 21
I was scheduled to be checked and just want to say that the staff was fantastic. They were kind and helpful. I was... asked many questions related to what was going on and not once did I feel as though I was being brushed off. The front desk staff was especially great in assisting me. I'm scheduled to go back for a mri and am glad that I'll be going more
Isabel Ivy
Isabel Ivy
21:42 03 Nov 21
I had such a good experience with Lone Star Neurology, Brent my MRI Tech was so awesome and made sure I was very... comfortable during the appointment. He gave me ear plugs, a pillow, leg support and blanket, easiest MRI ever lol 🤣 My 72 hour EEG nurse Amanda was also so awesome. She made sure I was take care of over the 3 days and took her time with the electrodes to make sure it was comfortable for me! Paige was also a huge help in answering all my questions when it came to my test results, and letting me know her honest opinions about how I should go forth with my more
Leslie Luce
Leslie Luce
17:37 20 Oct 21
The professionalism and want to help attitude of this office was present from the moment I contacted them. The follow... up and follow through as well as their willingness to find a way to schedule my dad was above and beyond. We visited two offices in the same day with the same experience. I am appreciative of this—we spend a lot of time with doctors and this was top notch start to more
robert Parker
robert Parker
16:38 16 Apr 21
I love going to this office. The staff is friendly and helpful. The doctor is great. I am getting the best... neurological tests and treatment I have ever had. The only reason I did not give them a 5 star rating is because it is impossible to reach a live person at the office to reschedule appointments. Every time I have tried to get through to the office it says all people are busy and I am sent to a voicemail. If they could get their phone answering fixed, I would give them a strong 5 more
MaryAnn Hornbaker
MaryAnn Hornbaker
00:26 25 Feb 21
Dr. Harney is an excellent Dr. I found him friendly , personable and thorough. I evidently am an unusual case. ... Therefore he spent a Hugh amount of time educating me. He even gave me literature to further explain my condition and how to follow up. This is something you rarely get from your doctors. So I am more than please with my doctor and his more
Roger Arguello
Roger Arguello
03:05 29 Jan 21
Always courteous, professional. The staff is very friendly and always work with you to find the best appointment time.... The care team has been great. Always taking the time to listen to your concerns and to find the best more
Margaret Rowland
Margaret Rowland
01:12 27 Jan 21
I have been a patient at Lone Star Neurology for several years. Now both my adult daughters also are patients there. I... love Jodie. She is always so prompt whether it is a teleamed call are a visit in the office. She takes the time to explain everything to me and answers all my questions. I am so blessed to have Jodie as my more
Susan Miller
Susan Miller
03:01 13 Jan 21
My husband had an accident 5 years ago and Lone Star Neurology has been such a blessing to us with my husbands care.... Jodie Moore is his provider and she is amazing! Jodie is very knowledgeable, caring, and thorough. She takes her time with you, making sure your needs are met and she is happy to answer any questions you may have. Lone Star Neurology’s patients are very lucky to have Jodie providing their care. Thank you Lone Star Neurology and especially Jodie for everything you have done for us. Jodie, you are the best!read more
Windalyn C
Windalyn C
01:32 09 Jan 21
Jodie is wonderful. She is very caring and knowledgeable. I have been to over a dozen neurologists, and none were able... to help me as much as they have here. Thanks!read more
Katie Kordel
Katie Kordel
00:40 09 Jan 21
Jodi Moore, nurse practitioner, is amazing. I have suffered from frequent, debilitating headaches for almost 20 years.... She has provided the best proactive and responsive care I have ever received. My quality of life has been greatly improved by her caring approach and tenacity in finding more
Ellie Natsis
Ellie Natsis
15:41 07 Jan 21
I have had the best experience at this neurologist's office! For over a year I have been receiving iv treatments here... each month and my nurse, Bobbie is beyond wonderful!! She's so attentive, knowledgeable, caring, and detail oriented. She makes an otherwise uncomfortable experience much more pleasant and definitely puts me at ease! She also helps me with my insurance,ordering this specialty medication and dealing with the ordering process which is no easy feat.Needless to say, she goes above a beyond in every way and I'm so grateful to this office and to Bobbie for all they do for me!read more
Matt Morris
Matt Morris
15:39 07 Jan 21
Let me start by saying that I have been coming here for years. Due to my autoimmune disease, I am in this office... once every three weeks for multiple hours at a time. The office is very clean and the staff very friendly. My only complaint would be there communication via phone. They aren't the best at responding if you leave a voicemail and expect a call back. I understand that this is prob just due to the sheer number of alls they receive daily. What I can say I like the best about the office are the people. Bobby who handles my infusions is great. I never have any issues with her setting up my infusions. She is very quick to reply to messages sent via text and if she were to leave then my whole opinion of the office may change. I also enjoy people like Matt, Lauren, and Jodi. I appreciate all that they do for me and without this team I'm not sure I would be as happy as I am to visit the office as frequently as I have to. Please ensure that these folks are recognized as they are what makes my visit to this office so tolerable :).read more
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