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What Are The Symptoms, Causes And Types Of Dystonia

Medically reviewed by Lone Star Neurology

Did you know that Dystonia is the third most common movement disorder, affecting 300,000 people in North America? Are you in Texas and looking for answers to understand this disorder?
In this article, you’ll discover all about the different dystonia treatment options, as well as what exactly it is. Read on to discover the symptoms of this disorder to catch it early.

What Is Dystonia?

Did you know that dystonia 12 is considered a rare disease? Dystonia is a common movement disorder where your muscles contract involuntarily causing twisting or repetitive movements. There are 3 main types, it can either affect all parts of your body (general), 2 or more parts that are adjacent (segmental), or one part of your body (focal).
It can affect any region of your body from your feet to your eyelids. Your muscle spasms can be mild, severe, or somewhere in between. Painful muscle spasms can affect your day to day life. If you’re looking for medical treatment in Texas for this disorder, you’ll want to see a professional with experience.
The Different Types
Segmental dystonia can be found in 2 or more adjacent parts of the body. A common type of segmental dystonia affects your jaw, mouth, lower face, and eyelids. There’s multifocal dystonia that impacts 2 or more body parts that are far from each other.
Hemidystonia impacts half of your body and general dystonia starts at the leg but then can spread to other parts of the body.

Dystonia Symptoms

Some early symptoms of dystonia can include speech problems, uncontrollable blinking, cramping in your foot, involuntary pulling of the neck, and a dragging leg. If the symptoms appear during childhood, they normally occur in the hands or feet and then spread to other parts of the body.
If the symptoms appear in adulthood, they normally start in the upper body. They normally affect 2 or more adjacent body parts or one part of the body. Acute dystonia symptoms can only show during specific movements, but over time can occur during rest periods as well.
You might have blepharospasm if you’re sensitive to bright light and blink often. You can have limb dystonia if you notice fatigue during walking or your hand cramping when you’re writing. Oromandibular dystonia can appear as facial spasms, changes in speech, or difficulty chewing.

Dystonia Causes

Primary or idiopathic dystonia is normally inherited from a parent. When there’s damage to the basal ganglia that can cause dystonia. If you have experienced carbon monoxide poisoning, drug reactions, stroke, brain trauma, tumor, infection, or oxygen deprivation, these can all cause this disorder.
Most early-onset primary dystonias that occur during childhood or adulthood are normally caused by a gene known as DYT1. Symptoms can start in a limb and then spread to other parts of the body. It normally appears around the age of 12, and rarely after 29.
DYT6 dystonia is found to be rarer than DYT1. This disorder usually starts at one site and then spreads to multiple regions of the body. Common areas include the neck, head, and limbs. Difficulties with speech have been noticed as well. Other primary dystonias include DYT4, DYT2, and DYT7.

How Is It Diagnosed?

There isn’t just one test to diagnose it. Your diagnostic process can include your family history, a physical examination, blood and urine tests, genetic testing, your medical history, and possibly other screenings and tests.
Dystonia is then placed into 3 factors which are the underlying cause, the parts of the body affected, and the age the symptoms begin. Adult-onset is older than age 20, adolescent-onset is 13-20 years, and childhood-onset is between 0-12. The younger someone is who is diagnosed with this disorder, the more likely it’ll spread.
Potential Complications
Like with any disorder, dystonia can lead to other complications.
Possible complications can include:
• Pain
• Fatigue
• Depression and anxiety
• Physical disabilities
• Hard to speak, swallow, or move your jaw
• Vision impairment that affects your eyelids
Speak with your Texas neurologist today about dystonia.

Dystonia Treatment

While there is no cure for dystonia, there are treatment options you can speak with your neurologist about. Children who have generalized dystonia can be prescribed levodopa and other medications. Botulinum toxin injection can help focal dystonia. This stops the posturing of the head or eye spasms.
Some can find treatment from neurosurgical options such as neuromodulation and selective denervation. Treatment can be combined and used together such as botox and medications. They can both block the communication between the muscle and nerve.
Surgery is an option if other treatment options aren’t working. Surgery will interrupt the pathways that are responsible for the abnormal movements of the nervous system. They can damage small parts of the thalamus or globus pallidus to help this be possible.
Other surgeries can include cutting the nerves that lead to the nerve roots in the neck close to the spinal cord. Another option is to remove the nerves at the place where they enter the contracting muscles. Deep brain stimulation is also an option that shows improvement in dystonia.
Speak with your neurology surgeon about the pros and cons of surgery as well as any potential risks.

Understanding Dystonia Treatment Options

While there’s no cure for dystonia, there are many dystonia treatment options out there. Are you ready to finally get treatment for your symptoms? Why suffer unnecessarily any longer? Contact your local Texas neurologist today. We will help you and discuss different treatment options that are specific to you and your symptoms.

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Edward Medina
Edward Medina
15:34 30 Jun 22
Just such an amazing staff that makes you feel like part of their family. I’ve been going there for over 5 years now... and each visit I get the very best care and treatments that I have ever received in the 20+ years that I’ve been dealing with severe debilitating migraines. Since i started seeing them the number of my migraines has dropped from 15-20 a month to 2-3 every 3 month. I highly recommend them …they will change your life!read more
Daneisha Johnson
Daneisha Johnson
22:20 19 May 22
Dr. Askari was very kind and explained everything so I could understand. The other staff were nice as well. I would... have gave 5 stars but I was a little taken aback when I checked in and had to pay 600.00 upfront. I think that should have been discussed in a appointment confirmation call or email just so I could have been more
Jean Cooper
Jean Cooper
16:54 29 Apr 22
I love the office staff they are friendly and very helpful. Dr. JODIE is very caring and understanding to your needs... and wants to help you. I will go back. would recommend Dr. Dr. Jodie to other Patients in a heart beat. The team works well more
Linda M
Linda M
19:40 02 Apr 22
I was obviously stressed, needing to see a neurologist. The staff was so patient and Dr. Ansari was so kind. At one... point he told me to relax, we have time, when I was relaying my history of my condition. That helped ease my stress. I have seen 3 other neurologists and he was the only one who performed any assessment tests on my cognitive and physical skills. At one point I couldn't complete two assessments and got upset and cried. I was told, it's OK. That's why you're here. I was truly impressed, and super pleased with the whole experience!read more
Leslie Durham
Leslie Durham
15:05 01 Apr 22
I've been coming here for about 5 years. The staff are ALWAYS friendly and knowledgeable. The Doctors are the absolute... best!! Jodie Moore is always in such a great mood which is a plus when you are already stressed. Highly recommendedread more
Monica Del Bosque
Monica Del Bosque
14:13 25 Mar 22
Since my first post my thoughts have changed here. It's unfortunate. My doctor and PA were great, but the office staff... is horrible. They never call you back when they say they will, they misinform you, they cause you too much stress wondering what's going on, they don't keep you posted. They never answer the phone. At this point I've left four messages in the last week, and I have sent three messages. Twice from their portal and one direct email. No response. My appointment is on Monday morning at 8:30am, no confirmation on my insurance and what's going on. What the heck is going on, this is ridiculous!I've given up... the stress her office staff has put me through is just not worth it. You can do so much better, please clean house, either change out your office staff, or find a way for them to be more efficient please. You have to do something. This is not how you want to run your practice. It leaves a very bad impression on your more
Ron Buckholz
Ron Buckholz
23:32 23 Mar 22
I was actually pleasantly surprised with this visit! It took me a long time to get the appointment scheduled because no... one answers your phones EVER! After a month, I finally got in, and your staff was warm, friendly, and I was totally impressed! I feel like you will take care of my needs!read more
Steve Nabavi
Steve Nabavi
16:28 16 Mar 22
It was a nice visit. Happy staff doing all they can do to comfort the patients in a very calming environment. You ask... me they are earned a big gold star on the fridge. My only complaint they didn't give me any more
Katie Lewis
Katie Lewis
16:10 10 Feb 22
Had very positive appointments with Jodie and Dr. Sheth for my migraine care. Jodie was so fast with the injections and... has so much valuable info. I started to feel light headed during checkout and the staff was SO helpful—giving me a chair, water, and taking me into a private room until I felt better. Highly recommend this practice for migraine patients, they know what they’re doing!!read more
Joshua Martinez
Joshua Martinez
16:02 10 Dec 21
I was scheduled to be checked and just want to say that the staff was fantastic. They were kind and helpful. I was... asked many questions related to what was going on and not once did I feel as though I was being brushed off. The front desk staff was especially great in assisting me. I'm scheduled to go back for a mri and am glad that I'll be going more
Isabel Ivy
Isabel Ivy
21:42 03 Nov 21
I had such a good experience with Lone Star Neurology, Brent my MRI Tech was so awesome and made sure I was very... comfortable during the appointment. He gave me ear plugs, a pillow, leg support and blanket, easiest MRI ever lol 🤣 My 72 hour EEG nurse Amanda was also so awesome. She made sure I was take care of over the 3 days and took her time with the electrodes to make sure it was comfortable for me! Paige was also a huge help in answering all my questions when it came to my test results, and letting me know her honest opinions about how I should go forth with my more
Leslie Luce
Leslie Luce
17:37 20 Oct 21
The professionalism and want to help attitude of this office was present from the moment I contacted them. The follow... up and follow through as well as their willingness to find a way to schedule my dad was above and beyond. We visited two offices in the same day with the same experience. I am appreciative of this—we spend a lot of time with doctors and this was top notch start to more
robert Parker
robert Parker
16:38 16 Apr 21
I love going to this office. The staff is friendly and helpful. The doctor is great. I am getting the best... neurological tests and treatment I have ever had. The only reason I did not give them a 5 star rating is because it is impossible to reach a live person at the office to reschedule appointments. Every time I have tried to get through to the office it says all people are busy and I am sent to a voicemail. If they could get their phone answering fixed, I would give them a strong 5 more
MaryAnn Hornbaker
MaryAnn Hornbaker
00:26 25 Feb 21
Dr. Harney is an excellent Dr. I found him friendly , personable and thorough. I evidently am an unusual case. ... Therefore he spent a Hugh amount of time educating me. He even gave me literature to further explain my condition and how to follow up. This is something you rarely get from your doctors. So I am more than please with my doctor and his more
Roger Arguello
Roger Arguello
03:05 29 Jan 21
Always courteous, professional. The staff is very friendly and always work with you to find the best appointment time.... The care team has been great. Always taking the time to listen to your concerns and to find the best more
Margaret Rowland
Margaret Rowland
01:12 27 Jan 21
I have been a patient at Lone Star Neurology for several years. Now both my adult daughters also are patients there. I... love Jodie. She is always so prompt whether it is a teleamed call are a visit in the office. She takes the time to explain everything to me and answers all my questions. I am so blessed to have Jodie as my more
Susan Miller
Susan Miller
03:01 13 Jan 21
My husband had an accident 5 years ago and Lone Star Neurology has been such a blessing to us with my husbands care.... Jodie Moore is his provider and she is amazing! Jodie is very knowledgeable, caring, and thorough. She takes her time with you, making sure your needs are met and she is happy to answer any questions you may have. Lone Star Neurology’s patients are very lucky to have Jodie providing their care. Thank you Lone Star Neurology and especially Jodie for everything you have done for us. Jodie, you are the best!read more
Windalyn C
Windalyn C
01:32 09 Jan 21
Jodie is wonderful. She is very caring and knowledgeable. I have been to over a dozen neurologists, and none were able... to help me as much as they have here. Thanks!read more
Katie Kordel
Katie Kordel
00:40 09 Jan 21
Jodi Moore, nurse practitioner, is amazing. I have suffered from frequent, debilitating headaches for almost 20 years.... She has provided the best proactive and responsive care I have ever received. My quality of life has been greatly improved by her caring approach and tenacity in finding more
Ellie Natsis
Ellie Natsis
15:41 07 Jan 21
I have had the best experience at this neurologist's office! For over a year I have been receiving iv treatments here... each month and my nurse, Bobbie is beyond wonderful!! She's so attentive, knowledgeable, caring, and detail oriented. She makes an otherwise uncomfortable experience much more pleasant and definitely puts me at ease! She also helps me with my insurance,ordering this specialty medication and dealing with the ordering process which is no easy feat.Needless to say, she goes above a beyond in every way and I'm so grateful to this office and to Bobbie for all they do for me!read more
Matt Morris
Matt Morris
15:39 07 Jan 21
Let me start by saying that I have been coming here for years. Due to my autoimmune disease, I am in this office... once every three weeks for multiple hours at a time. The office is very clean and the staff very friendly. My only complaint would be there communication via phone. They aren't the best at responding if you leave a voicemail and expect a call back. I understand that this is prob just due to the sheer number of alls they receive daily. What I can say I like the best about the office are the people. Bobby who handles my infusions is great. I never have any issues with her setting up my infusions. She is very quick to reply to messages sent via text and if she were to leave then my whole opinion of the office may change. I also enjoy people like Matt, Lauren, and Jodi. I appreciate all that they do for me and without this team I'm not sure I would be as happy as I am to visit the office as frequently as I have to. Please ensure that these folks are recognized as they are what makes my visit to this office so tolerable :).read more
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