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Dystonia – Diagnosis, Complications And Treatment

Sandeep Dhanyamraju MD
Medically reviewed by Sandeep Dhanyamraju
Sandeep Dhanyamraju MD
Medically reviewed by Sandeep Dhanyamraju

Dystonia is a neurological movement disease characterized by involuntary muscular contractions. This might result in aberrant motions and postures, making daily tasks like walking, talking, and writing difficult. Dystonia can also cause a great deal of pain and suffering. While the etiology of dystonia is unknown, therapies are available to alleviate symptoms. Early detection is critical for receiving the best effective treatment.

This guideline is dedicated to the in-depth study of dystonia, its treatment, diagnosis and complications due to the condition. Read on to be able to distinguish this disease from others. You will also find some practical tips that can help you in difficult situations and help you out more than once.

Diagnosis Of Dystonia At Any Age

To determine this disease, many different tests are used, including:

  • Blood test. It is usually the first step in diagnosing dystonia. If blood test results are abnormal, your doctor may recommend another test.
  • Urine tests are also done to check for certain substances that can cause dystonia.
  • MRI or CT scan. Your doctor may order magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or computed tomography (CT) scans to rule out other conditions that can cause similar symptoms.
  • Electromyography (EMG). Electromyography (EMG) is a test that measures the electrical activity of muscles. This test can help your doctor determine whether dystonia affects a single or multiple muscles.
  • Genetic testing. Sometimes, doctors may recommend genetic testing to look for changes in your genes associated with dystonia.

What Complications Can Occur With Dystonia

What complications can occur with dystonia

In addition, during life with this disease, patients often face the consequences caused by it. Among them:

  • Physical disabilities.
  • Difficulty with vision.
  • Depression, anxiety and social withdrawal.
  • Difficulty speaking.
  • Difficulty swallowing.
  • Muscle weakness.
  • Joint pain.
  • Fatigue.

If you notice similar symptoms in yourself or your loved ones, you should contact the clinic, as you have a chance to cure this disease and live normally. However, if everything is simple with your body and self-acceptance, talking with loved ones can be difficult.

If you think your relative has a disease, it is better to choose the right moment, calmly talk and discuss the problem. This approach will help to avoid unwanted quarrels and irritations.

How To Treat The Dystonia

Treatment of dystonia is essential to manage the condition and improve quality of life. Several treatment options are available, and your doctor will work with you to find the best treatment plan

How to treat the dystonia

IMPORTANT TIP! To accurately convey to the doctor everything you feel, observe your well-being for a long time and write down everything that may be associated with your illness. This way, you will not forget any small details and can describe all the details accurately. And this will help you to properly and efficiently be treated.

As for the treatment itself, doctors rely on many integrated approaches that can help cure the patient. This includes using traditional medicines, therapeutic methods, surgeries, and alternative therapies using herbs and other medicines.

Medicine Treatment

Your doctor may prescribe medications to help relieve dystonia symptoms. Botulinum toxin injections are often used to cure dystonia. This treatment can help reduce muscle spasms and improve the range of motion. This method is the most classic but may not always help. Therefore, other types of treatment may come to replace medications.

Therapy Treatment

Different types of therapies can help relieve the symptoms of dystonia. Therapy is a type of treatment that tries to assist in the resolution of mental or emotional disorders. There are several forms of treatment available. Psychotherapy, often known as talk therapy, is a person conversing with a skilled therapist who can assist them in understanding particular feelings and actions.

Physical Therapy

A physical therapist can teach you exercises to help stretch and strengthen your muscles.

Mental Therapy

Different types of mental therapy can help relieve the symptoms of dystonia. Basically, they aim to discuss your problems and look for other solutions or sources of your disease.

Surgery Treatment 

In some cases, surgery may be needed to correct the underlying cause of dystonia. For example, if a pinched nerve causes dystonia, surgery may be needed to release the pressure on the nerve.

Alternative Medicine

There is no known cure for dystonia, but there are some alternative treatment options that may help to improve symptoms:

  • Acupuncture: This traditional Chinese medicine treatment involves placing thin needles into the skin at specific points on the body.
  • Herbal remedies: Some people with dystonia find relief from taking herbal supplements such as ginger or Ginkgo Biloba. This is one of the famous dystonia natural treatments.
  • Massage: Massage therapy can help to relax the muscles and ease dystonia symptoms.

You can read about the difference between dystonia and dyskinesia in our other article.

Bottom Line 

If you notice that you or your loved ones are experiencing similar symptoms or complications, you should urgently contact your doctor and start treatment.

Unfortunately, not all attending physicians can help with such narrowly focused diseases. Therefore, the best solution would be to contact a private, professional clinic that employs experienced specialists who can find the right and non-standard methods of treating diseases.

To contact the doctor, you can use the special contact button. After that, it is enough to wait for feedback and start treatment.


  • Does dystonia go away?

There’s no cure for dystonia, but the condition can usually be effectively managed. Treatment will vary depending on the type of dystonia and the precise nature of your symptoms.

  • What is the average age for diagnosis with dystonia?

The majority of the time, 90 to 95 percent of the time, the symptoms start in one limb before spreading to other parts of the body. The average age of onset for this type of dystonia is 12, and it seldom manifests after the age of 29.

  • How is dystonia diagnosed?

To do this, your doctor may begin with reviewing your medical history and performing a physical exam. Health care providers might advise the following: tests on blood or urine. These tests may show symptoms of toxins or other diseases.

  • What are the signs of dystonia?

Dystonia is characterized by: 

  • Uncontrollable muscle cramps and spasms.
  • Your body parts twisting into odd poses, such as your feet turning inside or your neck twisting to the side.
  • Trembling.
  • Uncontrollable blinking.

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Edward Medina
Edward Medina
15:34 30 Jun 22
Just such an amazing staff that makes you feel like part of their family. I’ve been going there for over 5 years now... and each visit I get the very best care and treatments that I have ever received in the 20+ years that I’ve been dealing with severe debilitating migraines. Since i started seeing them the number of my migraines has dropped from 15-20 a month to 2-3 every 3 month. I highly recommend them …they will change your life!read more
Daneisha Johnson
Daneisha Johnson
22:20 19 May 22
Dr. Askari was very kind and explained everything so I could understand. The other staff were nice as well. I would... have gave 5 stars but I was a little taken aback when I checked in and had to pay 600.00 upfront. I think that should have been discussed in a appointment confirmation call or email just so I could have been more
Jean Cooper
Jean Cooper
16:54 29 Apr 22
I love the office staff they are friendly and very helpful. Dr. JODIE is very caring and understanding to your needs... and wants to help you. I will go back. would recommend Dr. Dr. Jodie to other Patients in a heart beat. The team works well more
Linda M
Linda M
19:40 02 Apr 22
I was obviously stressed, needing to see a neurologist. The staff was so patient and Dr. Ansari was so kind. At one... point he told me to relax, we have time, when I was relaying my history of my condition. That helped ease my stress. I have seen 3 other neurologists and he was the only one who performed any assessment tests on my cognitive and physical skills. At one point I couldn't complete two assessments and got upset and cried. I was told, it's OK. That's why you're here. I was truly impressed, and super pleased with the whole experience!read more
Leslie Durham
Leslie Durham
15:05 01 Apr 22
I've been coming here for about 5 years. The staff are ALWAYS friendly and knowledgeable. The Doctors are the absolute... best!! Jodie Moore is always in such a great mood which is a plus when you are already stressed. Highly recommendedread more
Monica Del Bosque
Monica Del Bosque
14:13 25 Mar 22
Since my first post my thoughts have changed here. It's unfortunate. My doctor and PA were great, but the office staff... is horrible. They never call you back when they say they will, they misinform you, they cause you too much stress wondering what's going on, they don't keep you posted. They never answer the phone. At this point I've left four messages in the last week, and I have sent three messages. Twice from their portal and one direct email. No response. My appointment is on Monday morning at 8:30am, no confirmation on my insurance and what's going on. What the heck is going on, this is ridiculous!I've given up... the stress her office staff has put me through is just not worth it. You can do so much better, please clean house, either change out your office staff, or find a way for them to be more efficient please. You have to do something. This is not how you want to run your practice. It leaves a very bad impression on your more
Ron Buckholz
Ron Buckholz
23:32 23 Mar 22
I was actually pleasantly surprised with this visit! It took me a long time to get the appointment scheduled because no... one answers your phones EVER! After a month, I finally got in, and your staff was warm, friendly, and I was totally impressed! I feel like you will take care of my needs!read more
Steve Nabavi
Steve Nabavi
16:28 16 Mar 22
It was a nice visit. Happy staff doing all they can do to comfort the patients in a very calming environment. You ask... me they are earned a big gold star on the fridge. My only complaint they didn't give me any more
Katie Lewis
Katie Lewis
16:10 10 Feb 22
Had very positive appointments with Jodie and Dr. Sheth for my migraine care. Jodie was so fast with the injections and... has so much valuable info. I started to feel light headed during checkout and the staff was SO helpful—giving me a chair, water, and taking me into a private room until I felt better. Highly recommend this practice for migraine patients, they know what they’re doing!!read more
Joshua Martinez
Joshua Martinez
16:02 10 Dec 21
I was scheduled to be checked and just want to say that the staff was fantastic. They were kind and helpful. I was... asked many questions related to what was going on and not once did I feel as though I was being brushed off. The front desk staff was especially great in assisting me. I'm scheduled to go back for a mri and am glad that I'll be going more
Isabel Ivy
Isabel Ivy
21:42 03 Nov 21
I had such a good experience with Lone Star Neurology, Brent my MRI Tech was so awesome and made sure I was very... comfortable during the appointment. He gave me ear plugs, a pillow, leg support and blanket, easiest MRI ever lol 🤣 My 72 hour EEG nurse Amanda was also so awesome. She made sure I was take care of over the 3 days and took her time with the electrodes to make sure it was comfortable for me! Paige was also a huge help in answering all my questions when it came to my test results, and letting me know her honest opinions about how I should go forth with my more
Leslie Luce
Leslie Luce
17:37 20 Oct 21
The professionalism and want to help attitude of this office was present from the moment I contacted them. The follow... up and follow through as well as their willingness to find a way to schedule my dad was above and beyond. We visited two offices in the same day with the same experience. I am appreciative of this—we spend a lot of time with doctors and this was top notch start to more
robert Parker
robert Parker
16:38 16 Apr 21
I love going to this office. The staff is friendly and helpful. The doctor is great. I am getting the best... neurological tests and treatment I have ever had. The only reason I did not give them a 5 star rating is because it is impossible to reach a live person at the office to reschedule appointments. Every time I have tried to get through to the office it says all people are busy and I am sent to a voicemail. If they could get their phone answering fixed, I would give them a strong 5 more
MaryAnn Hornbaker
MaryAnn Hornbaker
00:26 25 Feb 21
Dr. Harney is an excellent Dr. I found him friendly , personable and thorough. I evidently am an unusual case. ... Therefore he spent a Hugh amount of time educating me. He even gave me literature to further explain my condition and how to follow up. This is something you rarely get from your doctors. So I am more than please with my doctor and his more
Roger Arguello
Roger Arguello
03:05 29 Jan 21
Always courteous, professional. The staff is very friendly and always work with you to find the best appointment time.... The care team has been great. Always taking the time to listen to your concerns and to find the best more
Margaret Rowland
Margaret Rowland
01:12 27 Jan 21
I have been a patient at Lone Star Neurology for several years. Now both my adult daughters also are patients there. I... love Jodie. She is always so prompt whether it is a teleamed call are a visit in the office. She takes the time to explain everything to me and answers all my questions. I am so blessed to have Jodie as my more
Susan Miller
Susan Miller
03:01 13 Jan 21
My husband had an accident 5 years ago and Lone Star Neurology has been such a blessing to us with my husbands care.... Jodie Moore is his provider and she is amazing! Jodie is very knowledgeable, caring, and thorough. She takes her time with you, making sure your needs are met and she is happy to answer any questions you may have. Lone Star Neurology’s patients are very lucky to have Jodie providing their care. Thank you Lone Star Neurology and especially Jodie for everything you have done for us. Jodie, you are the best!read more
Windalyn C
Windalyn C
01:32 09 Jan 21
Jodie is wonderful. She is very caring and knowledgeable. I have been to over a dozen neurologists, and none were able... to help me as much as they have here. Thanks!read more
Katie Kordel
Katie Kordel
00:40 09 Jan 21
Jodi Moore, nurse practitioner, is amazing. I have suffered from frequent, debilitating headaches for almost 20 years.... She has provided the best proactive and responsive care I have ever received. My quality of life has been greatly improved by her caring approach and tenacity in finding more
Ellie Natsis
Ellie Natsis
15:41 07 Jan 21
I have had the best experience at this neurologist's office! For over a year I have been receiving iv treatments here... each month and my nurse, Bobbie is beyond wonderful!! She's so attentive, knowledgeable, caring, and detail oriented. She makes an otherwise uncomfortable experience much more pleasant and definitely puts me at ease! She also helps me with my insurance,ordering this specialty medication and dealing with the ordering process which is no easy feat.Needless to say, she goes above a beyond in every way and I'm so grateful to this office and to Bobbie for all they do for me!read more
Matt Morris
Matt Morris
15:39 07 Jan 21
Let me start by saying that I have been coming here for years. Due to my autoimmune disease, I am in this office... once every three weeks for multiple hours at a time. The office is very clean and the staff very friendly. My only complaint would be there communication via phone. They aren't the best at responding if you leave a voicemail and expect a call back. I understand that this is prob just due to the sheer number of alls they receive daily. What I can say I like the best about the office are the people. Bobby who handles my infusions is great. I never have any issues with her setting up my infusions. She is very quick to reply to messages sent via text and if she were to leave then my whole opinion of the office may change. I also enjoy people like Matt, Lauren, and Jodi. I appreciate all that they do for me and without this team I'm not sure I would be as happy as I am to visit the office as frequently as I have to. Please ensure that these folks are recognized as they are what makes my visit to this office so tolerable :).read more
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