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Exploring Musculoskeletal System Diseases: Diagnosis and Treatment

Sandeep Dhanyamraju
Medically reviewed by Chaitanya Bonda
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Sandeep Dhanyamraju
Medically reviewed by Chaitanya Bonda

Scientists have not yet fully explored the multifaceted and complex human body. Many systems, subsystems, and organs work harmoniously to prolong life. And one of the most critical systems in the body is the musculoskeletal system. If there is a failure in it, it significantly worsens a person’s life. Common musculoskeletal system diseases include:

  • Osteoporosis;
  • Scoliosis;
  • Fibromyalgia;
  • Osteoarthritis.

All people are prone to pathologies of the musculoskeletal system. But the risk group includes athletes. Besides, the risk is high in elders and people with osteoporosis. It is due to calcium deficiency, which leads to weakening of the bones.

Diseases of the muscular system have various symptoms. They depend on the illness’s nature and degree of development. In the absence and untimely treatment, clinical manifestations become more pronounced. And over time, pathology can even lead to disability. Thus, it is important to contact specialists immediately when signs appear. It can prevent the progression of musculoskeletal problems.

Understanding Musculoskeletal System Diseases

Each of you has a musculoskeletal system. It is an intricate network of bones, muscles, tendons, ligaments, and joints. They work together to support your body and enable movement. However, like any other system in the body, it is susceptible to various conditions. And they can affect its function. So, understanding musculoskeletal system diseases is essential to taking care of your health. For many people who experience these states can lead to pain, limited movement, and reduced quality of life.

Doctors have a relatively long list of musculoskeletal disorders. And unfortunately, they can attack anyone at any time. The reasons for their appearance can be different. Often, such conditions result from injuries, untimely treatment, or an unhealthy lifestyle. Also, if you often give yourself physical exertion, it damages the musculoskeletal system.

Thus, knowing issues of the musculoskeletal system is vital for effective health management. The better you understand the causes, symptoms, and possible treatments, the more control you have over your health.

diagnosis musculoskeletal system diseases by MRI

Common Musculoskeletal System Diseases

It is difficult to overestimate the general threat posed by common musculoskeletal problems to people’s lives. These conditions can significantly affect a person’s ability to function normally.

One of the most common diseases of the musculoskeletal system is arthritis. It is an inflammatory ailment of the joints that can lead to serious complications. Arthritis can cause severe chronic pain, swelling, and limited joint movement. In extreme cases, this can lead to disability.

Other common diseases include muscular dystrophy and tendonitis. Muscular dystrophy is a group of genetic disorders. They lead to progressive degeneration of muscles. Tendonitis is an inflammation or irritation of a tendon. It is often caused by repetitive motion or overuse.

You can continue listing this type of disease for a long time. According to our experience, more and more people turn to doctors with musculoskeletal problems every year. And what other examples of them exist? Read the following list of musculoskeletal disorders:


Degenerative-dystrophic joint damage is osteoarthritis. Injury to the joint surfaces’ cartilage tissue is the root of this problem. At the same time, not only cartilage tissue is involved in the pathological process. Also, it includes bone, joint bursa, ligaments, and muscles. Osteoarthritis can develop at any age. It occurs in every third person aged 60-70  and is present in 43% of people over 80.

Rheumatoid Arthritis

It is a complex inflammation in the connective and bone tissues of the joints. Small joints of fingers and toes, wrists begin to suffer first. More often, the lesion appears symmetrically. If the joints on the right hand begin to hurt, a little later, pains appear on the left as well. People with such signs of musculoskeletal disorders face difficulties in everyday life. If it progresses, a person cannot pick a glass of water normally because of the pain.


Osteoporosis is a chronic disease of the bone system. It is characterized by decreased bone density and an increased risk of fractures. Symptoms of osteoporosis can include back pain, stooping, and bone fractures. The consequences of the disease can be severe. It has reduced quality of life, limited movement, and disability.


Fibromyalgia is a chronic neurological disease. It causes widespread pain in the muscles and connective tissue. Fibromyalgia symptoms include constant pain, fatigue, sleep disturbances, and low mood. This musculoskeletal system disease can significantly affect the quality of life. It limits physical activity, work productivity, and social interaction.

Muscular dystrophy

It is a group of chronic muscle diseases. It is characterized by progressive muscle weakness and muscle degeneration. At the same time, the diameter of muscle fibers decreases. The process mainly involves skeletal muscles, rarely internal organs. Diseased muscles gradually lose their ability to contract and fall apart.


It is one of the most common diseases of the muscular system. It is a spinal defect with a lateral curvature of the spine. Our research shows that it occurs most often in teenagers. Symptoms of scoliosis include uneven shoulders, body tilt, and uneven shoulder blades. In severe cases of scoliosis, breathing problems, and limited movement can occur.

List of common musculoskeletal system diseases

Diagnosis of Musculoskeletal System Diseases

Doctors usually begin the diagnosis by taking a medical history. They ask patients about the duration and intensity of pain.

During observation, the doctor evaluates the patient’s movements and signs of musculoskeletal disorders. It can be brokenness, swelling, limited movement, or poor posture. After that, the doctor can prescribe extra studies. These include X-rays, computer tomography, or MRI. These studies can provide detailed information about the condition of the bones, joints, and muscles. 

Most often, patients with musculoskeletal system diseases turn to neurologists. But based on research, you may need the advice of other specialists. In general, diagnosis is made thanks to the following steps:

1. Physical Examination and Patient History

These are essential stages in diagnosis. During the physical examination, the doctor evaluates the mobility of the joints and conducts test movements. Taking a patient’s history helps identify symptoms and factors that influence the condition. Both elements contribute to an accurate diagnosis.

2. Imaging Techniques

The imaging technique is MRI, CT, and ultrasound studies. Doctors use them for the whole list of musculoskeletal disorders. These techniques are for obtaining detailed visualization of the musculoskeletal system. They allow medics to assess the patient’s condition. The images’ results help the doctor get objective information about the patient’s health.

3. Laboratory Tests

These tests check indicators that may be associated with musculoskeletal disorders. They help detect inflammatory markers, rheumatic factors, and other biochemical indicators. The results of laboratory tests help the doctor establish a diagnosis better.

a group of doctors diagnose diseases of the musculoskeletal system

Treatment Approaches for Musculoskeletal System Diseases

Any disease requires appropriate treatment. If you skip this stage, the disorder will begin to progress. The same thing happens with the musculoskeletal system. So, a comprehensive treatment approach is necessary for this.

  • Usually, treatment can include conservative methods to avoid signs of musculoskeletal disorders. These are physical therapy, pharmacological drugs, and rehabilitation procedures.
  • The doctor may prescribe anti-inflammatory drugs and pain relievers.
  • Physical therapy, such as massage, muscle exercises, and stretching, can help restore mobility.
  • A healthy diet and regular physical activity can help improve the condition of the musculoskeletal system.

When conservative treatment does not bring enough results, doctors prescribe surgical intervention. But they usually include the following treatment steps:

1. Medications

Doctors use different types of medicines. For diseases of the muscular system, it includes:

  • nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs to reduce inflammation;
  • pain relievers for pain relief;
  • immunomodulators and biological agents to control disease activity;
  • corticosteroids for local treatment of inflamed joints and muscles;
  • chondroprotectors to strengthen cartilage tissue and improve joint function;
  • muscle relaxants to relieve muscle spasms.

Medics individually select drugs, ensuring the greatest therapeutic effect. The doctor’s supervision and individual approach guarantee optimal treatment.

2. Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation

Doctors conduct them considering the specific needs of each patient. Types of physical therapy include:

  • movement exercises that improve muscle strength and flexibility. They also increase joint mobility;
  • stretch marks to preserve tissue flexibility;
  • massage, ultrasound therapy, and electrical stimulation. They are to relieve pain and reduce inflammation;
  • walking on simulators, pool therapy, and balneotherapy. It is to improve functionality and return to an active life.

Symptoms of musculoskeletal problems can be different. Thus, the rehabilitation plan for each patient is individual.

3. Surgical Interventions   

Doctors prescribe surgical interventions when the disease progresses strongly. Such interventions may include:

  • arthroscopy for joint reconstruction;
  • arthrodesis for the treatment of severe forms of arthritis;
  • corrective surgery to correct deformities;
  • endoprosthesis for the treatment of arthrosis.

To do surgical treatment, medics first test signs of musculoskeletal disorders. Doctors carefully plan and perform the operation. They do everything to ensure the optimal function of the joint or spine. Postoperative rehabilitation plays a vital role in the complete restoration of functions.


Sometimes a careless attitude to health leads to musculoskeletal system diseases. And sometimes it appears due to other valid reasons. So, taking care of your health and consulting with doctors regularly is crucial.

If you encounter such conditions, contact us for help. Lone Star Neurologists will perform the examinations and tests you need. Based on them, we will evaluate your musculoskeletal system. And then, we will provide you with effective modern treatment.


What are the common signs of musculoskeletal system disorders?

Some common signs are muscle weakness and joint instability. Also, it can be difficulty to perform everyday tasks.


Can I prevent musculoskeletal system diseases?

You can reduce the risk of their occurrence. For this, you need to do sports and practice proper posture regularly.


What are the treatment options for arthritis?

It includes physical therapy, exercise, and lifestyle modifications. They are a part of the treatment plan for arthritis to improve joint function.


How can exercise improve your muscular system?

Exercise stimulates muscle growth and increases muscle mass. It enhances strength and power.

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Edward Medina
Edward Medina
15:34 30 Jun 22
Just such an amazing staff that makes you feel like part of their family. I’ve been going there for over 5 years now... and each visit I get the very best care and treatments that I have ever received in the 20+ years that I’ve been dealing with severe debilitating migraines. Since i started seeing them the number of my migraines has dropped from 15-20 a month to 2-3 every 3 month. I highly recommend them …they will change your life!read more
Daneisha Johnson
Daneisha Johnson
22:20 19 May 22
Dr. Askari was very kind and explained everything so I could understand. The other staff were nice as well. I would... have gave 5 stars but I was a little taken aback when I checked in and had to pay 600.00 upfront. I think that should have been discussed in a appointment confirmation call or email just so I could have been more
Jean Cooper
Jean Cooper
16:54 29 Apr 22
I love the office staff they are friendly and very helpful. Dr. JODIE is very caring and understanding to your needs... and wants to help you. I will go back. would recommend Dr. Dr. Jodie to other Patients in a heart beat. The team works well more
Linda M
Linda M
19:40 02 Apr 22
I was obviously stressed, needing to see a neurologist. The staff was so patient and Dr. Ansari was so kind. At one... point he told me to relax, we have time, when I was relaying my history of my condition. That helped ease my stress. I have seen 3 other neurologists and he was the only one who performed any assessment tests on my cognitive and physical skills. At one point I couldn't complete two assessments and got upset and cried. I was told, it's OK. That's why you're here. I was truly impressed, and super pleased with the whole experience!read more
Leslie Durham
Leslie Durham
15:05 01 Apr 22
I've been coming here for about 5 years. The staff are ALWAYS friendly and knowledgeable. The Doctors are the absolute... best!! Jodie Moore is always in such a great mood which is a plus when you are already stressed. Highly recommendedread more
Monica Del Bosque
Monica Del Bosque
14:13 25 Mar 22
Since my first post my thoughts have changed here. It's unfortunate. My doctor and PA were great, but the office staff... is horrible. They never call you back when they say they will, they misinform you, they cause you too much stress wondering what's going on, they don't keep you posted. They never answer the phone. At this point I've left four messages in the last week, and I have sent three messages. Twice from their portal and one direct email. No response. My appointment is on Monday morning at 8:30am, no confirmation on my insurance and what's going on. What the heck is going on, this is ridiculous!I've given up... the stress her office staff has put me through is just not worth it. You can do so much better, please clean house, either change out your office staff, or find a way for them to be more efficient please. You have to do something. This is not how you want to run your practice. It leaves a very bad impression on your more
Ron Buckholz
Ron Buckholz
23:32 23 Mar 22
I was actually pleasantly surprised with this visit! It took me a long time to get the appointment scheduled because no... one answers your phones EVER! After a month, I finally got in, and your staff was warm, friendly, and I was totally impressed! I feel like you will take care of my needs!read more
Steve Nabavi
Steve Nabavi
16:28 16 Mar 22
It was a nice visit. Happy staff doing all they can do to comfort the patients in a very calming environment. You ask... me they are earned a big gold star on the fridge. My only complaint they didn't give me any more
Katie Lewis
Katie Lewis
16:10 10 Feb 22
Had very positive appointments with Jodie and Dr. Sheth for my migraine care. Jodie was so fast with the injections and... has so much valuable info. I started to feel light headed during checkout and the staff was SO helpful—giving me a chair, water, and taking me into a private room until I felt better. Highly recommend this practice for migraine patients, they know what they’re doing!!read more
Joshua Martinez
Joshua Martinez
16:02 10 Dec 21
I was scheduled to be checked and just want to say that the staff was fantastic. They were kind and helpful. I was... asked many questions related to what was going on and not once did I feel as though I was being brushed off. The front desk staff was especially great in assisting me. I'm scheduled to go back for a mri and am glad that I'll be going more
Isabel Ivy
Isabel Ivy
21:42 03 Nov 21
I had such a good experience with Lone Star Neurology, Brent my MRI Tech was so awesome and made sure I was very... comfortable during the appointment. He gave me ear plugs, a pillow, leg support and blanket, easiest MRI ever lol 🤣 My 72 hour EEG nurse Amanda was also so awesome. She made sure I was take care of over the 3 days and took her time with the electrodes to make sure it was comfortable for me! Paige was also a huge help in answering all my questions when it came to my test results, and letting me know her honest opinions about how I should go forth with my more
Leslie Luce
Leslie Luce
17:37 20 Oct 21
The professionalism and want to help attitude of this office was present from the moment I contacted them. The follow... up and follow through as well as their willingness to find a way to schedule my dad was above and beyond. We visited two offices in the same day with the same experience. I am appreciative of this—we spend a lot of time with doctors and this was top notch start to more
robert Parker
robert Parker
16:38 16 Apr 21
I love going to this office. The staff is friendly and helpful. The doctor is great. I am getting the best... neurological tests and treatment I have ever had. The only reason I did not give them a 5 star rating is because it is impossible to reach a live person at the office to reschedule appointments. Every time I have tried to get through to the office it says all people are busy and I am sent to a voicemail. If they could get their phone answering fixed, I would give them a strong 5 more
MaryAnn Hornbaker
MaryAnn Hornbaker
00:26 25 Feb 21
Dr. Harney is an excellent Dr. I found him friendly , personable and thorough. I evidently am an unusual case. ... Therefore he spent a Hugh amount of time educating me. He even gave me literature to further explain my condition and how to follow up. This is something you rarely get from your doctors. So I am more than please with my doctor and his more
Roger Arguello
Roger Arguello
03:05 29 Jan 21
Always courteous, professional. The staff is very friendly and always work with you to find the best appointment time.... The care team has been great. Always taking the time to listen to your concerns and to find the best more
Margaret Rowland
Margaret Rowland
01:12 27 Jan 21
I have been a patient at Lone Star Neurology for several years. Now both my adult daughters also are patients there. I... love Jodie. She is always so prompt whether it is a teleamed call are a visit in the office. She takes the time to explain everything to me and answers all my questions. I am so blessed to have Jodie as my more
Susan Miller
Susan Miller
03:01 13 Jan 21
My husband had an accident 5 years ago and Lone Star Neurology has been such a blessing to us with my husbands care.... Jodie Moore is his provider and she is amazing! Jodie is very knowledgeable, caring, and thorough. She takes her time with you, making sure your needs are met and she is happy to answer any questions you may have. Lone Star Neurology’s patients are very lucky to have Jodie providing their care. Thank you Lone Star Neurology and especially Jodie for everything you have done for us. Jodie, you are the best!read more
Windalyn C
Windalyn C
01:32 09 Jan 21
Jodie is wonderful. She is very caring and knowledgeable. I have been to over a dozen neurologists, and none were able... to help me as much as they have here. Thanks!read more
Katie Kordel
Katie Kordel
00:40 09 Jan 21
Jodi Moore, nurse practitioner, is amazing. I have suffered from frequent, debilitating headaches for almost 20 years.... She has provided the best proactive and responsive care I have ever received. My quality of life has been greatly improved by her caring approach and tenacity in finding more
Ellie Natsis
Ellie Natsis
15:41 07 Jan 21
I have had the best experience at this neurologist's office! For over a year I have been receiving iv treatments here... each month and my nurse, Bobbie is beyond wonderful!! She's so attentive, knowledgeable, caring, and detail oriented. She makes an otherwise uncomfortable experience much more pleasant and definitely puts me at ease! She also helps me with my insurance,ordering this specialty medication and dealing with the ordering process which is no easy feat.Needless to say, she goes above a beyond in every way and I'm so grateful to this office and to Bobbie for all they do for me!read more
Matt Morris
Matt Morris
15:39 07 Jan 21
Let me start by saying that I have been coming here for years. Due to my autoimmune disease, I am in this office... once every three weeks for multiple hours at a time. The office is very clean and the staff very friendly. My only complaint would be there communication via phone. They aren't the best at responding if you leave a voicemail and expect a call back. I understand that this is prob just due to the sheer number of alls they receive daily. What I can say I like the best about the office are the people. Bobby who handles my infusions is great. I never have any issues with her setting up my infusions. She is very quick to reply to messages sent via text and if she were to leave then my whole opinion of the office may change. I also enjoy people like Matt, Lauren, and Jodi. I appreciate all that they do for me and without this team I'm not sure I would be as happy as I am to visit the office as frequently as I have to. Please ensure that these folks are recognized as they are what makes my visit to this office so tolerable :).read more
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