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Epilepsy: Modern Treatments and Daily Life

Sajish Jacob
Medically reviewed by Sajish Jacob
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Sajish Jacob
Medically reviewed by Sajish Jacob

There are many dangerous and incurable disorders of the nervous system (NS). One of the most common is epilepsy. It causes regular attacks. They are usually accompanied by impaired motor and mental function. These attacks are hazardous. They can start at any moment. The person must receive timely help. Otherwise, death is possible. Focal or generalized convulsive seizures can still lead to traumatic situations. During an attack, a person cannot control himself and can injure himself. The reasons for the development of epilepsy symptoms vary. They occur due to increased neuronal activity. Their discharges spread throughout the brain, causing a seizure.

About 1% of the world’s population suffers from this disease. It often first appears during puberty. Sometimes, attacks occur for the first time in older people. They often happen because of alcohol or drug abuse. Epileptic seizures frequently accompany withdrawal symptoms. It is essential to understand the manifestations and first aid methods. Then, you will be able to avoid serious consequences. Let’s look at this severe disease’s features in more detail.

What is epilepsy

This is a widespread neurological disorder. Recurrent and unpredictable brain electrical activity disturbances always characterize it. They are usually called seizures. Such disturbances result from abnormal bursts of electrical impulses. It disrupts the brain’s normal functioning. Epilepsy symptoms can affect people of all ages and backgrounds. It may have various causes. They include genetic factors, brain injuries, infections, or developmental disorders.

During a seizure, the brain’s regular communication processes are temporarily disrupted. It leads to various physical and behavioral changes. These changes can vary in intensity and duration. It depends on the specific type of seizure and the areas of the brain involved. Seizures are the hallmark of such illness. Not everyone who experiences a seizure has epilepsy.

The exact mechanisms of epilepsy are complex and not fully understood. They often involve disruptions in the balance between excitatory and inhibitory signals within the brain. Research continues to uncover new insights. They are about its causes, risk factors, and treatment options. Scientists pave the way for improved diagnosis and management strategies. Despite its challenges, many individuals can lead fulfilling lives. They’ll have appropriate medical care, support, and understanding from their communities.

Symptoms of epilepsy


Clinical presentation of epilepsy can vary widely among individuals. Some common manifestations include:

  • Seizures: They are the primary sign that can take many forms. It may be convulsions, muscle stiffness, repetitive movements, and altered consciousness.
  • Aura: Some individuals experience warning signs or sensations. They are usually called auras before a seizure occurs. These can include visual disturbances, strange smells or tastes, or feelings of déjà vu.
  • Loss of consciousness: During certain seizures, individuals may experience faintness. Also, they can have a temporary lapse in awareness.
  • Staring spells: Absence seizures, also known as petit mal seizures. They may involve brief episodes of staring into space or appearing to be “daydreaming.”
  • Unusual sensations: Some people experience sensory symptoms during seizures. It may be tingling, numbness, or unusual smells or tastes.
  • Automatisms: Certain seizures may cause repetitive movements or behaviors. These may include lip-smacking, chewing, or fidgeting.
  • Confusion or disorientation: Individuals may feel confused after a seizure. They may have difficulty remembering what happened.
  • Fatigue: Seizures can be physically and mentally exhausting. They lead to feelings of lethargy afterward.

It’s important to note that the specific symptoms of epilepsy can vary from person to person. They depend on the type of seizure and the area of the brain affected. Also, individual differences threshold and response. Therefore, not all patients will experience the same signs. Also, they have seizures with the same characteristics.

How is epilepsy diagnosed?

Diagnosing involves a comprehensive evaluation. It includes various methods and tests to identify the condition accurately. Here’s an overview of how epilepsy is usually diagnosed:

  • Medical history: This is important to evaluate symptoms, potential triggers, or neurological disorders. Also, medical history is crucial for any relevant diseases or medications.
  • Electroencephalography (EEG): EEG is a non-invasive test. It records electrical activity in the brain using electrodes placed on the scalp. EEG can detect abnormal patterns of brain activity associated with seizures. It helps classify the type of illness.
  • Physical examination: This helps assess motor function, sensory perception, reflexes, and other signs. They may indicate epilepsy or other neurological conditions.
  • MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging): Powerful magnets and radio waves create images of brain structures. They can identify structural abnormalities. For example, tumors, cysts, or scar tissue. It may be causing seizures.
  • Additional tests: In some cases, more tests may be necessary. They confirm a diagnosis or evaluate specific aspects of this illness. These tests may include video EEG monitoring. It records brain activity and video footage simultaneously to capture seizure events. Neuropsychological testing may be performed to assess cognitive function and memory.

So, how is epilepsy diagnosed? This process is crucial for early detection and appropriate management. It allows for the timely initiation of treatment. They can help control seizures, reduce the risk of complications, and improve quality of life. An accurate diagnosis enables healthcare providers to tailor treatment plans to individual needs. It optimizes seizure control and minimizes medication side effects. Therefore, if you suspect epilepsy, you should immediately seek medical help. It helps with timely diagnosis and intervention.

Triggers of epilepsy

Understanding triggers is crucial for managing the condition. It helps with minimizing the risk of seizures. Common triggers include:

  • Sleep deprivation: Lack of adequate sleep can increase the likelihood of seizures.
  • Stress: High-stress levels or sudden changes can trigger them.
  • Flashing lights: Some individuals are sensitive to flickering or flashing lights. This condition is known as photosensitive epilepsy.
  • Alcohol and drug use: Excessive alcohol consumption or use of recreational drugs can be epilepsy triggers.
  • Not taking medications as prescribed: Missing doses or stopping antiepileptic medications. It can abruptly lead to increased seizure activity.
  • Hormonal changes: Hormonal fluctuations mainly appear in women. They occur during menstruation, pregnancy, or menopause. Such changes can affect seizure frequency.
  • Illness or fever: Infections or other illnesses can lower the seizure threshold.
  • Dietary triggers: Certain foods or beverages, for example, are high in caffeine. It may provoke seizures in some individuals.
  • Low blood sugar: Hypoglycemia can trigger seizures. It is especially possible in individuals with diabetes.

Identifying and avoiding these epilepsy triggers is crucial, as it can help individuals better manage their condition and potentially reduce the frequency of seizures.

Living with epilepsy


Individuals need careful management and support. Here are some tips and resources for managing it daily:

  • Medication adherence: Take antiepileptic medications exactly as prescribed to maintain seizure control. Set reminders to avoid missing doses.
  • Regular medical check-ups: Schedule routine appointments with your healthcare provider. It’ll help to monitor your condition and adjust treatment.
  • Healthy lifestyle: Maintain a balanced diet, exercise regularly, and get adequate sleep. So you can promote overall well-being. Also, you’ll reduce the risk of epilepsy symptoms.
  • Stress management: Practice stress-reducing techniques. It may be meditation, yoga, or deep breathing exercises to minimize seizure triggers.
  • Safety measures: Implement such precautions at home and work. These include using shower chairs and padding sharp corners. Also, inform colleagues about your condition.
  • Support networks: Join support groups. Connect with local epilepsy organizations for emotional support, information, and resources.
  • Education and awareness: Educate yourself and others about your condition. So, you’ll reduce stigma and increase understanding.

Incorporating these strategies and leveraging available resources is crucial. So individuals with epilepsy and their families can better manage the condition. Also, they may enhance their quality of life.

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Edward Medina
Edward Medina
15:34 30 Jun 22
Just such an amazing staff that makes you feel like part of their family. I’ve been going there for over 5 years now... and each visit I get the very best care and treatments that I have ever received in the 20+ years that I’ve been dealing with severe debilitating migraines. Since i started seeing them the number of my migraines has dropped from 15-20 a month to 2-3 every 3 month. I highly recommend them …they will change your life!read more
Daneisha Johnson
Daneisha Johnson
22:20 19 May 22
Dr. Askari was very kind and explained everything so I could understand. The other staff were nice as well. I would... have gave 5 stars but I was a little taken aback when I checked in and had to pay 600.00 upfront. I think that should have been discussed in a appointment confirmation call or email just so I could have been more
Jean Cooper
Jean Cooper
16:54 29 Apr 22
I love the office staff they are friendly and very helpful. Dr. JODIE is very caring and understanding to your needs... and wants to help you. I will go back. would recommend Dr. Dr. Jodie to other Patients in a heart beat. The team works well more
Linda M
Linda M
19:40 02 Apr 22
I was obviously stressed, needing to see a neurologist. The staff was so patient and Dr. Ansari was so kind. At one... point he told me to relax, we have time, when I was relaying my history of my condition. That helped ease my stress. I have seen 3 other neurologists and he was the only one who performed any assessment tests on my cognitive and physical skills. At one point I couldn't complete two assessments and got upset and cried. I was told, it's OK. That's why you're here. I was truly impressed, and super pleased with the whole experience!read more
Leslie Durham
Leslie Durham
15:05 01 Apr 22
I've been coming here for about 5 years. The staff are ALWAYS friendly and knowledgeable. The Doctors are the absolute... best!! Jodie Moore is always in such a great mood which is a plus when you are already stressed. Highly recommendedread more
Monica Del Bosque
Monica Del Bosque
14:13 25 Mar 22
Since my first post my thoughts have changed here. It's unfortunate. My doctor and PA were great, but the office staff... is horrible. They never call you back when they say they will, they misinform you, they cause you too much stress wondering what's going on, they don't keep you posted. They never answer the phone. At this point I've left four messages in the last week, and I have sent three messages. Twice from their portal and one direct email. No response. My appointment is on Monday morning at 8:30am, no confirmation on my insurance and what's going on. What the heck is going on, this is ridiculous!I've given up... the stress her office staff has put me through is just not worth it. You can do so much better, please clean house, either change out your office staff, or find a way for them to be more efficient please. You have to do something. This is not how you want to run your practice. It leaves a very bad impression on your more
Ron Buckholz
Ron Buckholz
23:32 23 Mar 22
I was actually pleasantly surprised with this visit! It took me a long time to get the appointment scheduled because no... one answers your phones EVER! After a month, I finally got in, and your staff was warm, friendly, and I was totally impressed! I feel like you will take care of my needs!read more
Steve Nabavi
Steve Nabavi
16:28 16 Mar 22
It was a nice visit. Happy staff doing all they can do to comfort the patients in a very calming environment. You ask... me they are earned a big gold star on the fridge. My only complaint they didn't give me any more
Katie Lewis
Katie Lewis
16:10 10 Feb 22
Had very positive appointments with Jodie and Dr. Sheth for my migraine care. Jodie was so fast with the injections and... has so much valuable info. I started to feel light headed during checkout and the staff was SO helpful—giving me a chair, water, and taking me into a private room until I felt better. Highly recommend this practice for migraine patients, they know what they’re doing!!read more
Joshua Martinez
Joshua Martinez
16:02 10 Dec 21
I was scheduled to be checked and just want to say that the staff was fantastic. They were kind and helpful. I was... asked many questions related to what was going on and not once did I feel as though I was being brushed off. The front desk staff was especially great in assisting me. I'm scheduled to go back for a mri and am glad that I'll be going more
Isabel Ivy
Isabel Ivy
21:42 03 Nov 21
I had such a good experience with Lone Star Neurology, Brent my MRI Tech was so awesome and made sure I was very... comfortable during the appointment. He gave me ear plugs, a pillow, leg support and blanket, easiest MRI ever lol 🤣 My 72 hour EEG nurse Amanda was also so awesome. She made sure I was take care of over the 3 days and took her time with the electrodes to make sure it was comfortable for me! Paige was also a huge help in answering all my questions when it came to my test results, and letting me know her honest opinions about how I should go forth with my more
Leslie Luce
Leslie Luce
17:37 20 Oct 21
The professionalism and want to help attitude of this office was present from the moment I contacted them. The follow... up and follow through as well as their willingness to find a way to schedule my dad was above and beyond. We visited two offices in the same day with the same experience. I am appreciative of this—we spend a lot of time with doctors and this was top notch start to more
robert Parker
robert Parker
16:38 16 Apr 21
I love going to this office. The staff is friendly and helpful. The doctor is great. I am getting the best... neurological tests and treatment I have ever had. The only reason I did not give them a 5 star rating is because it is impossible to reach a live person at the office to reschedule appointments. Every time I have tried to get through to the office it says all people are busy and I am sent to a voicemail. If they could get their phone answering fixed, I would give them a strong 5 more
MaryAnn Hornbaker
MaryAnn Hornbaker
00:26 25 Feb 21
Dr. Harney is an excellent Dr. I found him friendly , personable and thorough. I evidently am an unusual case. ... Therefore he spent a Hugh amount of time educating me. He even gave me literature to further explain my condition and how to follow up. This is something you rarely get from your doctors. So I am more than please with my doctor and his more
Roger Arguello
Roger Arguello
03:05 29 Jan 21
Always courteous, professional. The staff is very friendly and always work with you to find the best appointment time.... The care team has been great. Always taking the time to listen to your concerns and to find the best more
Margaret Rowland
Margaret Rowland
01:12 27 Jan 21
I have been a patient at Lone Star Neurology for several years. Now both my adult daughters also are patients there. I... love Jodie. She is always so prompt whether it is a teleamed call are a visit in the office. She takes the time to explain everything to me and answers all my questions. I am so blessed to have Jodie as my more
Susan Miller
Susan Miller
03:01 13 Jan 21
My husband had an accident 5 years ago and Lone Star Neurology has been such a blessing to us with my husbands care.... Jodie Moore is his provider and she is amazing! Jodie is very knowledgeable, caring, and thorough. She takes her time with you, making sure your needs are met and she is happy to answer any questions you may have. Lone Star Neurology’s patients are very lucky to have Jodie providing their care. Thank you Lone Star Neurology and especially Jodie for everything you have done for us. Jodie, you are the best!read more
Windalyn C
Windalyn C
01:32 09 Jan 21
Jodie is wonderful. She is very caring and knowledgeable. I have been to over a dozen neurologists, and none were able... to help me as much as they have here. Thanks!read more
Katie Kordel
Katie Kordel
00:40 09 Jan 21
Jodi Moore, nurse practitioner, is amazing. I have suffered from frequent, debilitating headaches for almost 20 years.... She has provided the best proactive and responsive care I have ever received. My quality of life has been greatly improved by her caring approach and tenacity in finding more
Ellie Natsis
Ellie Natsis
15:41 07 Jan 21
I have had the best experience at this neurologist's office! For over a year I have been receiving iv treatments here... each month and my nurse, Bobbie is beyond wonderful!! She's so attentive, knowledgeable, caring, and detail oriented. She makes an otherwise uncomfortable experience much more pleasant and definitely puts me at ease! She also helps me with my insurance,ordering this specialty medication and dealing with the ordering process which is no easy feat.Needless to say, she goes above a beyond in every way and I'm so grateful to this office and to Bobbie for all they do for me!read more
Matt Morris
Matt Morris
15:39 07 Jan 21
Let me start by saying that I have been coming here for years. Due to my autoimmune disease, I am in this office... once every three weeks for multiple hours at a time. The office is very clean and the staff very friendly. My only complaint would be there communication via phone. They aren't the best at responding if you leave a voicemail and expect a call back. I understand that this is prob just due to the sheer number of alls they receive daily. What I can say I like the best about the office are the people. Bobby who handles my infusions is great. I never have any issues with her setting up my infusions. She is very quick to reply to messages sent via text and if she were to leave then my whole opinion of the office may change. I also enjoy people like Matt, Lauren, and Jodi. I appreciate all that they do for me and without this team I'm not sure I would be as happy as I am to visit the office as frequently as I have to. Please ensure that these folks are recognized as they are what makes my visit to this office so tolerable :).read more
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