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What is Neuritis?

Medically reviewed by Maushmi Sheth
Medically reviewed by Maushmi Sheth

Neuritis is a medical term meaning inflammation in the peripheral nerves (nerves outside the central nervous system are called peripheral). Symptoms of neuritis will vary depending on which nerves are affected but typically include weakness, numbness, pain, tingling sensations, loss of reflexes, muscle atrophy, or sensory disturbances (e.g., vision, balance, hearing). These symptoms can be either temporary or permanent.

Neuritis is a disease that affects the peripheral nerves and leads to changes in their structure. Treatment of neuritis depends on where exactly the pathology is located and what degree of its severity.

Neuritis is a common nerve disorder. There are several types of neuritis depending on the nerve’s inflammation.

1. Optic Neuritis

The disease is associated with the inflammation of the optic nerves. The main reasons for the development of optic neuritis are various flu infections, dental diseases, and tonsillitis. Other reasons include:

  • Eye trauma and brain inflammation. Liver problems and diabetes.
  • Blood diseases and different types of allergies.
  • Smoking and alcohol abuse.

Modern treatment of inflammation of the optic nerves involves the use of anti-inflammatory drugs and antibiotics. You need to consult a doctor as soon as possible to prescribe diagnostic procedures to achieve treatment. He/she will diagnose and determine the course of treatment.

Among all types of pathology, one of the most common is optic neuritis, which, depending on the diagnosis results, may include therapy with the use of antispasmodic drugs, detoxification, etc. If you start the course of treatment on time, the result will not be long in coming; in particular, normal functions of the eye can be restored.

Suppose it is too late to see a doctor. In that case, neuritis will seriously harm visual functions and destroy cells, and this threatens such a serious complication as atrophy of the optic nerve. Therefore, it is essential to contact a specialist in time to prescribe an effective treatment.

2. Facial Neuritis

Facial neuritis

Another common condition is facial neuritis. You should start treatment of pathology as early as possible to prevent the development of complications. With the disease, the nerve responsible for the facial muscles of the face is affected, which leads to their weakness and a decrease (or absence) of movements.

There are several characteristic signs by which inflammation in the nerves of the face can be recognized. 

Symptoms:

  • Pain behind the ear and smoothing of the nasolabial fold.
  • Violation of facial asymmetry.
  • Dysfunction of facial muscles (it is difficult to smile, raise eyebrows, etc.).

Other symptoms characteristic of a disease, such as facial neuritis, include difficulties closing the eyelids or moving the lips (for example, it is difficult to stretch the lips with a tube). One of the pathologies of nerve inflammation features is a vivid clinical picture, so the doctor usually quickly makes a diagnosis (but if necessary, MRI, computed tomography, etc., are performed to exclude other diseases).

Various diseases and injuries, including diseases associated with metabolic disorders, lead to this type of pathology development. A genetic predisposition can trigger neuritis.

The doctor easily identifies neuritis of the facial nerve. Treatment begins immediately to prevent the development of complications. The course of the appointment depends on the general condition of the patient. In addition, the specialist looks at the main symptoms of facial nerve neuritis, after which he prescribes special medications and gives other recommendations.

3. Brachial Neuritis

With damage to the spinal and cervical nerves, neuritis of the shoulder occurs. Treatment of the disease is based on the complete rest of the patient (especially regarding the limb affected by the pathology). A special bandage is used to keep the hand in this state. Then a neurologist prescribes medication and physiotherapy.

The disease is characterized by severe pain and decreased arm mobility. In some cases, nerve inflammation can cause a partial loss of sensation in the limb, inability to move the fingers, or perform simple bending movements with the hand. All this can lead to muscle atrophy.

Surgical treatment of brachial nerve inflammation can achieve effective results. The main drugs prescribed to the patient are non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs; they are applied to the shoulder areas in which pain occurs.

The main symptoms of pathology:

  • Loss of sensation in the shoulder and forearm.
  • Weakening of the shoulder muscles and difficulty bending the elbow.
  • Violation of fine motor skills and loss of sensitivity in the fingers.

There are two main types of brachial neuritis: lower and upper; depending on the pathology, the symptoms may differ. The doctor will make an accurate diagnosis by examining and prescribing a diagnosis for the patient (ultrasound, X-ray, MRI, and other procedures may be prescribed at the specialist’s discretion).

4. Trigeminal Neuralgia

Trigeminal neuralgia

Thanks to modern techniques, the treatment of trigeminal neuritis allows you to defeat the disease quickly. This pathology is characterized by inflammation of the trigeminal nerves, which causes severe pain in the face. The disease is quite common.

The main reasons that lead to the development of the trigeminal nerve:

  • Meningitis and various injuries.
  • Consequences of concussions.
  • Viral infections and herpes.
  • Colds, etc.

Bacterial infections, multiple sclerosis, and long exposure to frost also lead to pathologies such as trigeminal neuralgia. Treatment is prescribed by a doctor who is guided by the general condition of the patient and the results of the diagnosis.

The main symptoms of trigeminal neuralgia are severe pain in the face. The pain can be cyclical, affecting the lower parts of the face or around the eyes and nose. In different cases, pain occurs at different intervals, hourly or once a day.

5. Auditory Neuropathy

Many patients are diagnosed with this type of pathology as auditory neuropathy. Treatment of the disease begins after the doctor makes an accurate diagnosis. The pathology develops due to inflammation of the auditory nerve, which leads to hearing problems. Most often, this illness affects the elderly. 

The most common symptoms of auditory neuropathy are:

  • Hearing problems are a key symptom; if treatment is not started on time, neuritis will continue to progress, leading to complete hearing loss.
  • Noise and ringing in the ears, patients often complain of such symptoms, characteristic of progressive neuritis, so if you immediately consult a doctor, this symptomatology can be avoided.
  • Dizziness, gait disturbance (instability), frequent headaches, etc.

If you start treating acoustic neuropathy on time, you can relieve symptoms and stop the development of the disease. Neuritis is diagnosed by audiometry. Patients have prescribed analgesics, diuretic drugs, as well as particular drugs that help improve blood circulation.

FAQ

  • How do you treat neuritis?

Treatment of neuritis also includes physiotherapy – ultraphonophoresis, UHF, electrophoresis using special compounds, etc. If carpal tunnel syndrome is detected, drugs are delivered to the diseased canal. Of great importance is the rehabilitation of neuritis. It includes not only drug therapy but also massages and exercise therapy.

  • How long does it take for neuritis to go away?

Acute manifestations of neuritis can usually be removed within 10-15 days if you follow the doctor’s instructions. After that, additional procedures are recommended aimed at restoring normal muscle functions. Physiotherapy and/or massage are often prescribed for this.

  • How is neuritis diagnosed?

Diagnosis of neuritis:

  • blood tests (clinical and biochemical),
  • general urine analysis;
  • radiography;
  • MRI (magnetic resonance imaging);
  • electroneuromyography (ENMG);
  • CT (computed tomography).

 

  • Can neuritis be cured?

For example, for neuritis of the facial nerve, treatment should be started as early as possible – preferably already in the first hours after the onset of symptoms. In this case, the success of treatment of neuritis of the facial nerve will be maximum, and in 75-80% of cases, it will completely eliminate the symptoms of the disease.

  • What is the difference between neuritis and neuralgia?

Neuritis and neuralgia. The difference between these two concepts lies in the fact that neuritis is accompanied by impaired motor function, and neuralgia is a pain syndrome.

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Lone Star Neurology
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Edward Medina
Edward Medina
15:34 30 Jun 22
Just such an amazing staff that makes you feel like part of their family. I’ve been going there for over 5 years now... and each visit I get the very best care and treatments that I have ever received in the 20+ years that I’ve been dealing with severe debilitating migraines. Since i started seeing them the number of my migraines has dropped from 15-20 a month to 2-3 every 3 month. I highly recommend them …they will change your life!read more
Daneisha Johnson
Daneisha Johnson
22:20 19 May 22
Dr. Askari was very kind and explained everything so I could understand. The other staff were nice as well. I would... have gave 5 stars but I was a little taken aback when I checked in and had to pay 600.00 upfront. I think that should have been discussed in a appointment confirmation call or email just so I could have been prepared.read more
Jean Cooper
Jean Cooper
16:54 29 Apr 22
I love the office staff they are friendly and very helpful. Dr. JODIE is very caring and understanding to your needs... and wants to help you. I will go back. would recommend Dr. Dr. Jodie to other Patients in a heart beat. The team works well together.read more
Linda M
Linda M
19:40 02 Apr 22
I was obviously stressed, needing to see a neurologist. The staff was so patient and Dr. Ansari was so kind. At one... point he told me to relax, we have time, when I was relaying my history of my condition. That helped ease my stress. I have seen 3 other neurologists and he was the only one who performed any assessment tests on my cognitive and physical skills. At one point I couldn't complete two assessments and got upset and cried. I was told, it's OK. That's why you're here. I was truly impressed, and super pleased with the whole experience!read more
Leslie Durham
Leslie Durham
15:05 01 Apr 22
I've been coming here for about 5 years. The staff are ALWAYS friendly and knowledgeable. The Doctors are the absolute... best!! Jodie Moore is always in such a great mood which is a plus when you are already stressed. Highly recommendedread more
Monica Del Bosque
Monica Del Bosque
14:13 25 Mar 22
Since my first post my thoughts have changed here. It's unfortunate. My doctor and PA were great, but the office staff... is horrible. They never call you back when they say they will, they misinform you, they cause you too much stress wondering what's going on, they don't keep you posted. They never answer the phone. At this point I've left four messages in the last week, and I have sent three messages. Twice from their portal and one direct email. No response. My appointment is on Monday morning at 8:30am, no confirmation on my insurance and what's going on. What the heck is going on, this is ridiculous!I've given up... the stress her office staff has put me through is just not worth it. You can do so much better, please clean house, either change out your office staff, or find a way for them to be more efficient please. You have to do something. This is not how you want to run your practice. It leaves a very bad impression on your business.read more
Ron Buckholz
Ron Buckholz
23:32 23 Mar 22
I was actually pleasantly surprised with this visit! It took me a long time to get the appointment scheduled because no... one answers your phones EVER! After a month, I finally got in, and your staff was warm, friendly, and I was totally impressed! I feel like you will take care of my needs!read more
Steve Nabavi
Steve Nabavi
16:28 16 Mar 22
It was a nice visit. Happy staff doing all they can do to comfort the patients in a very calming environment. You ask... me they are earned a big gold star on the fridge. My only complaint they didn't give me any cookies.read more
Katie Lewis
Katie Lewis
16:10 10 Feb 22
Had very positive appointments with Jodie and Dr. Sheth for my migraine care. Jodie was so fast with the injections and... has so much valuable info. I started to feel light headed during checkout and the staff was SO helpful—giving me a chair, water, and taking me into a private room until I felt better. Highly recommend this practice for migraine patients, they know what they’re doing!!read more
Joshua Martinez
Joshua Martinez
16:02 10 Dec 21
I was scheduled to be checked and just want to say that the staff was fantastic. They were kind and helpful. I was... asked many questions related to what was going on and not once did I feel as though I was being brushed off. The front desk staff was especially great in assisting me. I'm scheduled to go back for a mri and am glad that I'll be going there.read more
Isabel Ivy
Isabel Ivy
21:42 03 Nov 21
I had such a good experience with Lone Star Neurology, Brent my MRI Tech was so awesome and made sure I was very... comfortable during the appointment. He gave me ear plugs, a pillow, leg support and blanket, easiest MRI ever lol 🤣 My 72 hour EEG nurse Amanda was also so awesome. She made sure I was take care of over the 3 days and took her time with the electrodes to make sure it was comfortable for me! Paige was also a huge help in answering all my questions when it came to my test results, and letting me know her honest opinions about how I should go forth with my treatment.read more
Leslie Luce
Leslie Luce
17:37 20 Oct 21
The professionalism and want to help attitude of this office was present from the moment I contacted them. The follow... up and follow through as well as their willingness to find a way to schedule my dad was above and beyond. We visited two offices in the same day with the same experience. I am appreciative of this—we spend a lot of time with doctors and this was top notch start to finish.read more
robert Parker
robert Parker
16:38 16 Apr 21
I love going to this office. The staff is friendly and helpful. The doctor is great. I am getting the best... neurological tests and treatment I have ever had. The only reason I did not give them a 5 star rating is because it is impossible to reach a live person at the office to reschedule appointments. Every time I have tried to get through to the office it says all people are busy and I am sent to a voicemail. If they could get their phone answering fixed, I would give them a strong 5 stars.read more
MaryAnn Hornbaker
MaryAnn Hornbaker
00:26 25 Feb 21
Dr. Harney is an excellent Dr. I found him friendly , personable and thorough. I evidently am an unusual case. ... Therefore he spent a Hugh amount of time educating me. He even gave me literature to further explain my condition and how to follow up. This is something you rarely get from your doctors. So I am more than please with my doctor and his staff.read more
Roger Arguello
Roger Arguello
03:05 29 Jan 21
Always courteous, professional. The staff is very friendly and always work with you to find the best appointment time.... The care team has been great. Always taking the time to listen to your concerns and to find the best treatment.read more
Margaret Rowland
Margaret Rowland
01:12 27 Jan 21
I have been a patient at Lone Star Neurology for several years. Now both my adult daughters also are patients there. I... love Jodie. She is always so prompt whether it is a teleamed call are a visit in the office. She takes the time to explain everything to me and answers all my questions. I am so blessed to have Jodie as my doctor.read more
Susan Miller
Susan Miller
03:01 13 Jan 21
My husband had an accident 5 years ago and Lone Star Neurology has been such a blessing to us with my husbands care.... Jodie Moore is his provider and she is amazing! Jodie is very knowledgeable, caring, and thorough. She takes her time with you, making sure your needs are met and she is happy to answer any questions you may have. Lone Star Neurology’s patients are very lucky to have Jodie providing their care. Thank you Lone Star Neurology and especially Jodie for everything you have done for us. Jodie, you are the best!read more
Windalyn C
Windalyn C
01:32 09 Jan 21
Jodie is wonderful. She is very caring and knowledgeable. I have been to over a dozen neurologists, and none were able... to help me as much as they have here. Thanks!read more
Katie Kordel
Katie Kordel
00:40 09 Jan 21
Jodi Moore, nurse practitioner, is amazing. I have suffered from frequent, debilitating headaches for almost 20 years.... She has provided the best proactive and responsive care I have ever received. My quality of life has been greatly improved by her caring approach and tenacity in finding solutions.read more
Ellie Natsis
Ellie Natsis
15:41 07 Jan 21
I have had the best experience at this neurologist's office! For over a year I have been receiving iv treatments here... each month and my nurse, Bobbie is beyond wonderful!! She's so attentive, knowledgeable, caring, and detail oriented. She makes an otherwise uncomfortable experience much more pleasant and definitely puts me at ease! She also helps me with my insurance,ordering this specialty medication and dealing with the ordering process which is no easy feat.Needless to say, she goes above a beyond in every way and I'm so grateful to this office and to Bobbie for all they do for me!read more
Matt Morris
Matt Morris
15:39 07 Jan 21
Let me start by saying that I have been coming here for years. Due to my autoimmune disease, I am in this office... once every three weeks for multiple hours at a time. The office is very clean and the staff very friendly. My only complaint would be there communication via phone. They aren't the best at responding if you leave a voicemail and expect a call back. I understand that this is prob just due to the sheer number of alls they receive daily. What I can say I like the best about the office are the people. Bobby who handles my infusions is great. I never have any issues with her setting up my infusions. She is very quick to reply to messages sent via text and if she were to leave then my whole opinion of the office may change. I also enjoy people like Matt, Lauren, and Jodi. I appreciate all that they do for me and without this team I'm not sure I would be as happy as I am to visit the office as frequently as I have to. Please ensure that these folks are recognized as they are what makes my visit to this office so tolerable :).read more
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