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What are the Symptoms of TIA?

Medically reviewed by Maushmi Sheth
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Medically reviewed by Maushmi Sheth

TIA is characterized by a temporary collapse of blood flow to a part of the brain. It shares with full-blown strokes but is short-term. Usually, they last less than 24 hours, with many lasting only a few minutes. These incidents are warning signs that there may be an underlying issue. For example, a blood clot or vessels narrowing. It puts an individual at risk for a more severe stroke in the future. 

Transient ischemic attack symptoms can vary but often include abrupt onset of numbness in the face, arm, or leg. They are typically on one side of the body. Other common signs include difficulty speaking, confusion, dizziness, and loss of balance. Prompt recognition and medical attention are crucial. This is so because addressing the underlying risk factors can reduce the risk of a future stroke. Our article outlines the essential aspects of such an attack. It emphasizes the importance of recognizing its symptoms for stroke prevention.


Key Transient Ischemic Attack Symptoms

TIA symptoms
TIA is a critical medical condition characterized by a sudden, temporary disruption in blood supply to the brain. It results from a range of distinct and often alarming neurological symptoms. Such transient attacks are often referred to as “mini-strokes.” They serve as essential warning signs that an individual may be at an increased risk of experiencing a full-blown stroke soon. Understanding the key symptoms of TIA  is crucial for early identification and intervention.

The hallmark signs include sudden-onset weakness or numbness affecting one side of the face, arm, or leg. Speech difficulties, such as slurred speech or incoherence, are also common. TIA can manifest as sudden confusion, blurred vision, and problems with balance or coordination. Recognizing these key symptoms is of paramount importance. It is so because swift medical attention and appropriate management can reduce the risk of a more severe stroke. Also, it has devastating consequences. Among key transient ischemic attack symptoms may include sudden weakness or numbness on one side of the body.

Sudden Weakness or Numbness

This is one of the primary and most recognizable symptoms of heart attack. Such a sign affects one side of the body. This neurological deficit can occur in the face, arm, or leg. It is often accompanied by a distinct, abrupt onset. The weakness or numbness is usually temporary. It lasts for a few minutes to a few hours. This TIA sign requires urgent attention. It is a clear sign that there is a disruption in blood flow to the brain. Blood clots or constriction of blood vessels cause it. 

This symptom often serves as an alarm, warning individuals. They are at risk of a more severe stroke if left unaddressed. Recognizing this early sign is crucial. Seeking immediate medical attention can lead to diagnostic tests and the identification of the main causes. Also, interventions to cut the risk of a future stroke. Sudden weakness or numbness is a critical TIA sign. It should prompt rapid action to ensure the best possible outcome and cut potential complications.

Speech Difficulties

During such episodes, an individual may experience sudden and noticeable changes in their ability to speak. A person begins to communicate effectively. These speech problems often manifest as slurred speech and incoherent or garbled language. Also, difficulty finding the right words or forming sentences. In some cases, individuals may have difficulty understanding spoken or written language as well. These TIA signs are a direct result of temporary disruption of blood flow to certain areas of the brain. They are responsible for language and communication functions.  

While these specific symptoms are lasting for a short period, it is necessary to call an ambulance. Recognizing speech problems during a TIA is critical. Such transient ischemic attack symptoms can serve as an early warning sign of a potential stroke. Seeking immediate medical attention is essential. This can lead to rapid assessment, diagnosis, and identification of root causes. In such cases, the risk of a more severe stroke in the future decreases.

Vision Changes

During this episode, individuals may experience sudden alterations in their vision. These symptoms of a TIA can include blurred or double vision, temporary blindness in one or both eyes or seeing flashing lights. Vision issues occur due to the temporary disruption of blood flow to the parts of the brain. They are responsible for processing visual information. While these changes last minutes to hours, it is important to take them as potential precursors to a full stroke. Recognizing and addressing vision changes is crucial for timely medical intervention.


Why Recognizing TIA Signs is Crucial

Woman feeling dizzy with blurred surroundings

Recognizing the TIA signs is crucial for several compelling reasons. Such episodes serve as potent warning signals. They show an underlying problem with blood flow to the brain. While TIAs themselves are often short-lived, they increase the risk of a later, more severe stroke if left unaddressed. Identifying TIA symptoms allows for swift medical intervention and diagnosis. They can unveil the root causes. These causes may include blood clots, atherosclerosis, or other vascular issues. They manage to reduce the risk of a full-blown stroke. 

Early recognition of TIA signs can lead to treatments and lifestyle changes. Also, medication regimens that address these risk factors. Moreover, the consequences of a major stroke can be life-altering or even fatal. They make TIA identification a critical step in preventing such catastrophic events. Timely action can mean the difference between full recovery and long-term disability. Even death underscores the vital importance of recognizing symptoms of a TIA.


Differentiating TIA Signs from Other Conditions

Close-up of two hands, one cradling the other

Differentiating signs from other conditions is a clinical challenge. This is due to the similarity of symptoms to various medical issues. This complexity underscores the importance of a thorough evaluation by healthcare professionals. Sudden weakness, numbness, or speech difficulties may mimic those of migraine or seizure. Certain characteristics can help distinguish mini-strokes.

  • Sudden Onset: Symptoms of a TIA often come on abruptly, while other conditions may have a more gradual or predictable onset.
  • Short Duration: Mini-strokes are transient, lasting less than 24 hours. Whereas other conditions may have longer-lasting symptoms.
  • Focal Neurological Deficits: Such episodes involve specific neurological deficits on one body side. Also, in specific functions like speech or vision.
  • Recurrent Episodes: Someone may experience many TIAs. They can be a red flag for underlying vascular issues.

Only a doctor can make an accurate diagnosis. It’s crucial to seek immediate medical attention when experiencing any symptoms. This will be the only right decision.


Who gets TIA?

A woman is lying down on couch, touching temple

Transient ischemic attack symptoms can affect individuals of various ages and backgrounds. Certain factors increase the likelihood of experiencing a TIA. Common risk factors include:

  • Age: While TIAs can occur at any age, they are more common in older individuals, particularly those over 55.
  • Gender: Men are somewhat more likely to experience TIAs than women.
  • Family History: A family history of strokes or TIAs can elevate one’s risk.
  • Medical Conditions: Underlying health issues. For example, high blood pressure, diabetes, heart disease, atrial fibrillation. Also, high cholesterol increases the risk of TIA.
  • Lifestyle Factors: Smoking, a sedentary lifestyle, and excessive alcohol consumption contribute to risk.
  • Previous TIAs or Strokes: Having experienced a TIA or stroke before increases the risk of another.
  • Race and Ethnicity: African and Hispanic Americans have a higher incidence of mini-strokes.

It’s important to note that while these factors elevate the risk. TIA signs can occur in individuals without any of these risk factors. Recognizing these risk factors and taking measures to control them can help reduce the risk of mini-strokes.



Recognizing the symptoms of a TIA is paramount for preventing devastating outcomes. It is often referred to as “mini-strokes.” This episode provides a crucial opportunity for intervention and risk reduction. It is a huge mistake to ignore the hallmark symptoms. Swift action is imperative when TIA signs manifest. Seeking instant medical help can lead to a comprehensive evaluation. Also, identification of underlying causes and timely intervention to mitigate the risk of a future, more severe stroke. 

TIAs are ominous precursors. They signal an increased risk of permanent neurological damage, even fatality, if ignored. In essence, understanding and acting upon signs can be a life-saving measure. It is important to know the keys to safeguarding one’s well-being. Among them are vigilance, awareness, and a proactive approach to these warning signs. With the help of our guide, you will know all necessary about transient ischemic attack symptoms. 



How do TIA signs differ from stroke symptoms?

They are similar but differ in their duration. TIA symptoms are transient and lasting less than 24 hours. 


Are symptoms of a TIA always severe?

No, symptoms of a TIA can vary in severity. 


How long do TIA symptoms last?

TIA symptoms last for a short duration, generally less than 24 hours.


Should I see a doctor even if my TIA symptoms disappear quickly?

Yes, you must see a doctor immediately if you experience TIA symptoms that disappear quickly. 

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Edward Medina
Edward Medina
15:34 30 Jun 22
Just such an amazing staff that makes you feel like part of their family. I’ve been going there for over 5 years now... and each visit I get the very best care and treatments that I have ever received in the 20+ years that I’ve been dealing with severe debilitating migraines. Since i started seeing them the number of my migraines has dropped from 15-20 a month to 2-3 every 3 month. I highly recommend them …they will change your life!read more
Daneisha Johnson
Daneisha Johnson
22:20 19 May 22
Dr. Askari was very kind and explained everything so I could understand. The other staff were nice as well. I would... have gave 5 stars but I was a little taken aback when I checked in and had to pay 600.00 upfront. I think that should have been discussed in a appointment confirmation call or email just so I could have been more
Jean Cooper
Jean Cooper
16:54 29 Apr 22
I love the office staff they are friendly and very helpful. Dr. JODIE is very caring and understanding to your needs... and wants to help you. I will go back. would recommend Dr. Dr. Jodie to other Patients in a heart beat. The team works well more
Linda M
Linda M
19:40 02 Apr 22
I was obviously stressed, needing to see a neurologist. The staff was so patient and Dr. Ansari was so kind. At one... point he told me to relax, we have time, when I was relaying my history of my condition. That helped ease my stress. I have seen 3 other neurologists and he was the only one who performed any assessment tests on my cognitive and physical skills. At one point I couldn't complete two assessments and got upset and cried. I was told, it's OK. That's why you're here. I was truly impressed, and super pleased with the whole experience!read more
Leslie Durham
Leslie Durham
15:05 01 Apr 22
I've been coming here for about 5 years. The staff are ALWAYS friendly and knowledgeable. The Doctors are the absolute... best!! Jodie Moore is always in such a great mood which is a plus when you are already stressed. Highly recommendedread more
Monica Del Bosque
Monica Del Bosque
14:13 25 Mar 22
Since my first post my thoughts have changed here. It's unfortunate. My doctor and PA were great, but the office staff... is horrible. They never call you back when they say they will, they misinform you, they cause you too much stress wondering what's going on, they don't keep you posted. They never answer the phone. At this point I've left four messages in the last week, and I have sent three messages. Twice from their portal and one direct email. No response. My appointment is on Monday morning at 8:30am, no confirmation on my insurance and what's going on. What the heck is going on, this is ridiculous!I've given up... the stress her office staff has put me through is just not worth it. You can do so much better, please clean house, either change out your office staff, or find a way for them to be more efficient please. You have to do something. This is not how you want to run your practice. It leaves a very bad impression on your more
Ron Buckholz
Ron Buckholz
23:32 23 Mar 22
I was actually pleasantly surprised with this visit! It took me a long time to get the appointment scheduled because no... one answers your phones EVER! After a month, I finally got in, and your staff was warm, friendly, and I was totally impressed! I feel like you will take care of my needs!read more
Steve Nabavi
Steve Nabavi
16:28 16 Mar 22
It was a nice visit. Happy staff doing all they can do to comfort the patients in a very calming environment. You ask... me they are earned a big gold star on the fridge. My only complaint they didn't give me any more
Katie Lewis
Katie Lewis
16:10 10 Feb 22
Had very positive appointments with Jodie and Dr. Sheth for my migraine care. Jodie was so fast with the injections and... has so much valuable info. I started to feel light headed during checkout and the staff was SO helpful—giving me a chair, water, and taking me into a private room until I felt better. Highly recommend this practice for migraine patients, they know what they’re doing!!read more
Joshua Martinez
Joshua Martinez
16:02 10 Dec 21
I was scheduled to be checked and just want to say that the staff was fantastic. They were kind and helpful. I was... asked many questions related to what was going on and not once did I feel as though I was being brushed off. The front desk staff was especially great in assisting me. I'm scheduled to go back for a mri and am glad that I'll be going more
Isabel Ivy
Isabel Ivy
21:42 03 Nov 21
I had such a good experience with Lone Star Neurology, Brent my MRI Tech was so awesome and made sure I was very... comfortable during the appointment. He gave me ear plugs, a pillow, leg support and blanket, easiest MRI ever lol 🤣 My 72 hour EEG nurse Amanda was also so awesome. She made sure I was take care of over the 3 days and took her time with the electrodes to make sure it was comfortable for me! Paige was also a huge help in answering all my questions when it came to my test results, and letting me know her honest opinions about how I should go forth with my more
Leslie Luce
Leslie Luce
17:37 20 Oct 21
The professionalism and want to help attitude of this office was present from the moment I contacted them. The follow... up and follow through as well as their willingness to find a way to schedule my dad was above and beyond. We visited two offices in the same day with the same experience. I am appreciative of this—we spend a lot of time with doctors and this was top notch start to more
robert Parker
robert Parker
16:38 16 Apr 21
I love going to this office. The staff is friendly and helpful. The doctor is great. I am getting the best... neurological tests and treatment I have ever had. The only reason I did not give them a 5 star rating is because it is impossible to reach a live person at the office to reschedule appointments. Every time I have tried to get through to the office it says all people are busy and I am sent to a voicemail. If they could get their phone answering fixed, I would give them a strong 5 more
MaryAnn Hornbaker
MaryAnn Hornbaker
00:26 25 Feb 21
Dr. Harney is an excellent Dr. I found him friendly , personable and thorough. I evidently am an unusual case. ... Therefore he spent a Hugh amount of time educating me. He even gave me literature to further explain my condition and how to follow up. This is something you rarely get from your doctors. So I am more than please with my doctor and his more
Roger Arguello
Roger Arguello
03:05 29 Jan 21
Always courteous, professional. The staff is very friendly and always work with you to find the best appointment time.... The care team has been great. Always taking the time to listen to your concerns and to find the best more
Margaret Rowland
Margaret Rowland
01:12 27 Jan 21
I have been a patient at Lone Star Neurology for several years. Now both my adult daughters also are patients there. I... love Jodie. She is always so prompt whether it is a teleamed call are a visit in the office. She takes the time to explain everything to me and answers all my questions. I am so blessed to have Jodie as my more
Susan Miller
Susan Miller
03:01 13 Jan 21
My husband had an accident 5 years ago and Lone Star Neurology has been such a blessing to us with my husbands care.... Jodie Moore is his provider and she is amazing! Jodie is very knowledgeable, caring, and thorough. She takes her time with you, making sure your needs are met and she is happy to answer any questions you may have. Lone Star Neurology’s patients are very lucky to have Jodie providing their care. Thank you Lone Star Neurology and especially Jodie for everything you have done for us. Jodie, you are the best!read more
Windalyn C
Windalyn C
01:32 09 Jan 21
Jodie is wonderful. She is very caring and knowledgeable. I have been to over a dozen neurologists, and none were able... to help me as much as they have here. Thanks!read more
Katie Kordel
Katie Kordel
00:40 09 Jan 21
Jodi Moore, nurse practitioner, is amazing. I have suffered from frequent, debilitating headaches for almost 20 years.... She has provided the best proactive and responsive care I have ever received. My quality of life has been greatly improved by her caring approach and tenacity in finding more
Ellie Natsis
Ellie Natsis
15:41 07 Jan 21
I have had the best experience at this neurologist's office! For over a year I have been receiving iv treatments here... each month and my nurse, Bobbie is beyond wonderful!! She's so attentive, knowledgeable, caring, and detail oriented. She makes an otherwise uncomfortable experience much more pleasant and definitely puts me at ease! She also helps me with my insurance,ordering this specialty medication and dealing with the ordering process which is no easy feat.Needless to say, she goes above a beyond in every way and I'm so grateful to this office and to Bobbie for all they do for me!read more
Matt Morris
Matt Morris
15:39 07 Jan 21
Let me start by saying that I have been coming here for years. Due to my autoimmune disease, I am in this office... once every three weeks for multiple hours at a time. The office is very clean and the staff very friendly. My only complaint would be there communication via phone. They aren't the best at responding if you leave a voicemail and expect a call back. I understand that this is prob just due to the sheer number of alls they receive daily. What I can say I like the best about the office are the people. Bobby who handles my infusions is great. I never have any issues with her setting up my infusions. She is very quick to reply to messages sent via text and if she were to leave then my whole opinion of the office may change. I also enjoy people like Matt, Lauren, and Jodi. I appreciate all that they do for me and without this team I'm not sure I would be as happy as I am to visit the office as frequently as I have to. Please ensure that these folks are recognized as they are what makes my visit to this office so tolerable :).read more
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