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What are blood vessel disorders?

Sandeep Dhanyamraju MD
Medically reviewed by Sandeep Dhanyamraju
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Sandeep Dhanyamraju MD
Medically reviewed by Sandeep Dhanyamraju

Vessel disorders also called angiopathies in medical language, are mainly understood as diseases of the arterial, venous and lymphatic vessels. In industrialized countries, diseases related to arteries and blood flow from the heart are one of the leading causes of death in the United States. The statistics are staggering: 950,000 people die from cardiovascular disease each year.

In the case of arterial vascular diseases, a distinction is made between narrowing (stenosis) or occlusion (obturation) and expansion of the vessel or stratification (dissection) of its wall. An increase in vessel wall thickness is the most common occurrence in arterial vascular disease. It is usually caused by atherosclerosis and can lead to a complete or partial closure of the vessel.

Veins are blood vessels that carry blood to the heart. Blood vessel disorders are very common and belong to the diseases of the eyelid. They mainly affect the legs. The main diseases of the veins are varicose veins and thrombosis. Diseases of the lymphatic vessels are also referred to as vascular diseases. Here, the most serious problem is lymphedema, which occurs due to the stagnation of lymphatic fluid.

This article will tell you about what vascular diseases exist, the consequences, and their symptoms. We will also talk about who can help you to treat vessel disorders.

Different types of blood vessel disorders

Different types of blood vessel disorders

  • The most dangerous diseases of the cerebral vessels are hemorrhage and stroke, which often lead to death. Vascular diseases often do not have clear symptoms, and recurrent headaches, memory impairment, sleep problems, and nausea can indicate pathology.
  • Arteries most commonly suffer from blockages, stenosis, and dissection. Dangerous protrusion of the vessel wall – aneurysm, as the risk of rupture increases.
  • Among arterial diseases, atherosclerosis is leading, affecting various vessels:
  • Renal
  • Carotid
  • Precerebral
  • Iliac
  • Vertebrates
  • Upper and lower limbs
  • Thoracic and abdominal aorta
  • Embolism and thrombosis are the main causes of death in blood vessel disorder. The embolus blocks the lumen of the vessel, due to which tissues and organs begin to suffer from ischemia, which leads to cell death. Also, among the diseases of the arteries, there are dysplasia, fistulas, necrosis, arteritis, aortitis, angiopathy.
  • Among the vascular diseases of the veins, the leading role is given to varicose veins, phlebitis, and thrombophlebitis. Varicose veins affect not only the lower extremities but also the veins of the esophagus, stomach, pelvis, scrotum, vulva, sublingual veins. Like arteries, veins can suffer from thrombosis, narrowing, and blockages.
  • Vascular diseases also include diseases of the lymphatic vessels. Among the most serious pathologies, lymphedema should be noted – fluid accumulation in the intercellular space.

Thus, the number of vascular diseases is large, and the symptoms will differ depending on the type of the affected vessel, localization, and stage of the disease.

What blood vessel disorders can you suspect yourself?

In case of an aneurysm, thrombosis, or embolism, it is extremely difficult to recognize before the onset of a critical moment due to the lack of clear symptoms, but atherosclerosis, varicose veins of the extremities, and diseases of the cerebral vessels can be suspected independently.

What are the risk factors for blood vessel disorders?

What are the risk factors for blood vessel disorders

People with endocrine disorders and pathologies of the cardiovascular system are at risk for vascular diseases. Bad habits and sedentary work provoke vascular diseases, which is why doctors pay so much attention to promoting a healthy lifestyle.

First of all, it is necessary to check the condition of the vessels:

  • smokers
  • people with diabetes or hypertension
  • overweight patients
  • workers in heavy industries
  • heavyweight athletes
  • lovers of salty and fatty foods
  • people with high cholesterol
  • those who are often nervous and move a little

Every person aged over 50 needs to undergo a preventive medical examination. The examination will also be needed for patients whose close relatives suffered from any vascular pathologies. Do not forget that vascular diseases are often associated with cardiac diseases.

What should be done to reduce risks?

  • Monitor blood pressure. At consistently high rates of blood pressure, consult a doctor.
  • Pay attention to alarming symptoms: incoming headaches and pain in the limbs, vomiting, weakness in the arms and legs, decreased vision, fever, memory impairment, facial numbness (common signs of brain ischemia or neurological stroke).
  • Monitor the condition of the legs: an increase in the venous pattern and a feeling of fullness indicate the development of venous insufficiency; spots and wounds on the skin, intermittent claudication can lead to ulcers and necrosis (at risk of patients with diabetes mellitus).
  • It is difficult to recognize most vascular diseases at the initial stage at home. Therefore, high-quality laboratory and instrumental diagnostics are essential.

Diagnosis and treatment of blood vessel disorders

Since there are many vascular diseases, diagnostic methods are selected based on complaints and medical examination. For an accurate diagnosis, the following procedures can be prescribed:

  • blood and urine tests
  • CT scan
  • MRI
  • contrast angiography
  • duplex or triplex scanning
  • ECG
  • Ultrasound of the heart (EchoCG)
  • phlebography with a radiopaque substance to study the venous network
  • coronary angiography of heart vessels

Depending on the history, additional tests may be required, for example, if diabetes is suspected. Specialists in diseases of the circulatory system are angiologists and vascular surgeons. You may also need the services of neurologists. Experienced doctors may suspect a specific problem even at the stage of history taking.


  • What causes limb pain?

The most common causes of limb pain are:

  1. Blood clot in deep veins (deep vein thrombosis)
  2. Bacterial skin infection (phlegmon)
  3. Spinal nerve root pressure
  4. Sudden blockage of an artery in an extremity (acute arterial occlusion)
  5. Deep soft tissue infection
  6. Myocardial infarction (pain only in the arm)
  • How do you know if you have a blood vessel problem?

It would be better to see a doctor if you have pain in the legs (calf muscles) when walking, numbness, cold snap, and decreased lower extremities’ sensitivity. These are signs of impaired blood supply.

  • What causes high blood pressure?

Reasons for high blood pressure:

  1. High salt content in food
  2. Sedentary lifestyle and excess body weight
  3. Smoking and alcohol
  4. Tension, stress, nervous breakdowns
  5. Blood vessel disorders
  • What is phantom limb pain?

Limb pains are unpleasant sensations of varying degrees and nature in parts of the body that are no longer there or where sensitivity is lost due to illness. Most often, they occur after the amputation of a limb or part of it.

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Edward Medina
Edward Medina
15:34 30 Jun 22
Just such an amazing staff that makes you feel like part of their family. I’ve been going there for over 5 years now... and each visit I get the very best care and treatments that I have ever received in the 20+ years that I’ve been dealing with severe debilitating migraines. Since i started seeing them the number of my migraines has dropped from 15-20 a month to 2-3 every 3 month. I highly recommend them …they will change your life!read more
Daneisha Johnson
Daneisha Johnson
22:20 19 May 22
Dr. Askari was very kind and explained everything so I could understand. The other staff were nice as well. I would... have gave 5 stars but I was a little taken aback when I checked in and had to pay 600.00 upfront. I think that should have been discussed in a appointment confirmation call or email just so I could have been more
Jean Cooper
Jean Cooper
16:54 29 Apr 22
I love the office staff they are friendly and very helpful. Dr. JODIE is very caring and understanding to your needs... and wants to help you. I will go back. would recommend Dr. Dr. Jodie to other Patients in a heart beat. The team works well more
Linda M
Linda M
19:40 02 Apr 22
I was obviously stressed, needing to see a neurologist. The staff was so patient and Dr. Ansari was so kind. At one... point he told me to relax, we have time, when I was relaying my history of my condition. That helped ease my stress. I have seen 3 other neurologists and he was the only one who performed any assessment tests on my cognitive and physical skills. At one point I couldn't complete two assessments and got upset and cried. I was told, it's OK. That's why you're here. I was truly impressed, and super pleased with the whole experience!read more
Leslie Durham
Leslie Durham
15:05 01 Apr 22
I've been coming here for about 5 years. The staff are ALWAYS friendly and knowledgeable. The Doctors are the absolute... best!! Jodie Moore is always in such a great mood which is a plus when you are already stressed. Highly recommendedread more
Monica Del Bosque
Monica Del Bosque
14:13 25 Mar 22
Since my first post my thoughts have changed here. It's unfortunate. My doctor and PA were great, but the office staff... is horrible. They never call you back when they say they will, they misinform you, they cause you too much stress wondering what's going on, they don't keep you posted. They never answer the phone. At this point I've left four messages in the last week, and I have sent three messages. Twice from their portal and one direct email. No response. My appointment is on Monday morning at 8:30am, no confirmation on my insurance and what's going on. What the heck is going on, this is ridiculous!I've given up... the stress her office staff has put me through is just not worth it. You can do so much better, please clean house, either change out your office staff, or find a way for them to be more efficient please. You have to do something. This is not how you want to run your practice. It leaves a very bad impression on your more
Ron Buckholz
Ron Buckholz
23:32 23 Mar 22
I was actually pleasantly surprised with this visit! It took me a long time to get the appointment scheduled because no... one answers your phones EVER! After a month, I finally got in, and your staff was warm, friendly, and I was totally impressed! I feel like you will take care of my needs!read more
Steve Nabavi
Steve Nabavi
16:28 16 Mar 22
It was a nice visit. Happy staff doing all they can do to comfort the patients in a very calming environment. You ask... me they are earned a big gold star on the fridge. My only complaint they didn't give me any more
Katie Lewis
Katie Lewis
16:10 10 Feb 22
Had very positive appointments with Jodie and Dr. Sheth for my migraine care. Jodie was so fast with the injections and... has so much valuable info. I started to feel light headed during checkout and the staff was SO helpful—giving me a chair, water, and taking me into a private room until I felt better. Highly recommend this practice for migraine patients, they know what they’re doing!!read more
Joshua Martinez
Joshua Martinez
16:02 10 Dec 21
I was scheduled to be checked and just want to say that the staff was fantastic. They were kind and helpful. I was... asked many questions related to what was going on and not once did I feel as though I was being brushed off. The front desk staff was especially great in assisting me. I'm scheduled to go back for a mri and am glad that I'll be going more
Isabel Ivy
Isabel Ivy
21:42 03 Nov 21
I had such a good experience with Lone Star Neurology, Brent my MRI Tech was so awesome and made sure I was very... comfortable during the appointment. He gave me ear plugs, a pillow, leg support and blanket, easiest MRI ever lol 🤣 My 72 hour EEG nurse Amanda was also so awesome. She made sure I was take care of over the 3 days and took her time with the electrodes to make sure it was comfortable for me! Paige was also a huge help in answering all my questions when it came to my test results, and letting me know her honest opinions about how I should go forth with my more
Leslie Luce
Leslie Luce
17:37 20 Oct 21
The professionalism and want to help attitude of this office was present from the moment I contacted them. The follow... up and follow through as well as their willingness to find a way to schedule my dad was above and beyond. We visited two offices in the same day with the same experience. I am appreciative of this—we spend a lot of time with doctors and this was top notch start to more
robert Parker
robert Parker
16:38 16 Apr 21
I love going to this office. The staff is friendly and helpful. The doctor is great. I am getting the best... neurological tests and treatment I have ever had. The only reason I did not give them a 5 star rating is because it is impossible to reach a live person at the office to reschedule appointments. Every time I have tried to get through to the office it says all people are busy and I am sent to a voicemail. If they could get their phone answering fixed, I would give them a strong 5 more
MaryAnn Hornbaker
MaryAnn Hornbaker
00:26 25 Feb 21
Dr. Harney is an excellent Dr. I found him friendly , personable and thorough. I evidently am an unusual case. ... Therefore he spent a Hugh amount of time educating me. He even gave me literature to further explain my condition and how to follow up. This is something you rarely get from your doctors. So I am more than please with my doctor and his more
Roger Arguello
Roger Arguello
03:05 29 Jan 21
Always courteous, professional. The staff is very friendly and always work with you to find the best appointment time.... The care team has been great. Always taking the time to listen to your concerns and to find the best more
Margaret Rowland
Margaret Rowland
01:12 27 Jan 21
I have been a patient at Lone Star Neurology for several years. Now both my adult daughters also are patients there. I... love Jodie. She is always so prompt whether it is a teleamed call are a visit in the office. She takes the time to explain everything to me and answers all my questions. I am so blessed to have Jodie as my more
Susan Miller
Susan Miller
03:01 13 Jan 21
My husband had an accident 5 years ago and Lone Star Neurology has been such a blessing to us with my husbands care.... Jodie Moore is his provider and she is amazing! Jodie is very knowledgeable, caring, and thorough. She takes her time with you, making sure your needs are met and she is happy to answer any questions you may have. Lone Star Neurology’s patients are very lucky to have Jodie providing their care. Thank you Lone Star Neurology and especially Jodie for everything you have done for us. Jodie, you are the best!read more
Windalyn C
Windalyn C
01:32 09 Jan 21
Jodie is wonderful. She is very caring and knowledgeable. I have been to over a dozen neurologists, and none were able... to help me as much as they have here. Thanks!read more
Katie Kordel
Katie Kordel
00:40 09 Jan 21
Jodi Moore, nurse practitioner, is amazing. I have suffered from frequent, debilitating headaches for almost 20 years.... She has provided the best proactive and responsive care I have ever received. My quality of life has been greatly improved by her caring approach and tenacity in finding more
Ellie Natsis
Ellie Natsis
15:41 07 Jan 21
I have had the best experience at this neurologist's office! For over a year I have been receiving iv treatments here... each month and my nurse, Bobbie is beyond wonderful!! She's so attentive, knowledgeable, caring, and detail oriented. She makes an otherwise uncomfortable experience much more pleasant and definitely puts me at ease! She also helps me with my insurance,ordering this specialty medication and dealing with the ordering process which is no easy feat.Needless to say, she goes above a beyond in every way and I'm so grateful to this office and to Bobbie for all they do for me!read more
Matt Morris
Matt Morris
15:39 07 Jan 21
Let me start by saying that I have been coming here for years. Due to my autoimmune disease, I am in this office... once every three weeks for multiple hours at a time. The office is very clean and the staff very friendly. My only complaint would be there communication via phone. They aren't the best at responding if you leave a voicemail and expect a call back. I understand that this is prob just due to the sheer number of alls they receive daily. What I can say I like the best about the office are the people. Bobby who handles my infusions is great. I never have any issues with her setting up my infusions. She is very quick to reply to messages sent via text and if she were to leave then my whole opinion of the office may change. I also enjoy people like Matt, Lauren, and Jodi. I appreciate all that they do for me and without this team I'm not sure I would be as happy as I am to visit the office as frequently as I have to. Please ensure that these folks are recognized as they are what makes my visit to this office so tolerable :).read more
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