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Common Encephalitis After Effects

Medically reviewed by Sandeep Dhanyamraju

Encephalitis is an inflammation of the brain that develops due to a viral or bacterial infection against the background of acute poisoning or an autoimmune lesion. Potentially, any virus can cause encephalitis, but not everyone infected will suffer from the disease. There may also be difficulties in concentration, behavior, speech, and memory loss. In sporadic cases, patients are in a vegetative state

 

The most frequent long-term effects of viral encephalitis are the common attacks, which can occur in 10-20%. Most patients are recovering from encephalitis without consequences.  According to statistics, people with a weakened immune system are more often affected. However, due to illness, some patients:

  • develop intellectual disorders;
  • changes in mood and behavior;
  • extra-pyramids symptoms;
  • hyponatraemia (especially after Saint-Louis encephalitis);
  • encephalopathy;
  • mononeuropathy.

 

Аutoimmune encephalitis life expectancy is as follows:  

  • 80% of cases last 1 to 3 years;
  • 10% of patients live longer (up to 10 years); 
  • 10% of patients have a lightning-fast course.

 

What Are the Long-term Effects of Encephalitis?

What are the long term effects of encephalitis

Long-term encephalitis complications include permanent mental impairments, changes in nature, autism-like behavioral problems, and epilepsy. The most severe encephalitis after effects include persistent seizures (status epilepticus), cerebral haemorrhages and brain swelling (cerebral oedema). These complications are emergencies that require immediate emergency medical attention. Sometimes Parkinson’s disease develops from encephalitis as a late complication. Depending on the type and severity that have arisen after the illness, additional treatment may be needed, such as:

  • Physiotherapy to improve strength, flexibility, balance, and coordination of movements.
  • Rehabilitation for developing everyday skills and using adaptive products that help in everyday life.
  • Training with a speech therapist to renew the skills of muscle control and coordination during the speech. 
  • Treatment of stress and new behavioral skills for treating effective disorders or changes in personality. 
  • In case of necessity to use medicinal preparations.

However, if a patient seeks medical help in time, undergoes a diagnosis, and receives an entire treatment course, there is hope for a healthy life afterward.

 

The Likelihood of Being Cured of Encephalitis

The chances of healing encephalitis without side effects largely depend on the cause (the pathogen), the time of diagnosis and the start of treatment, and the affected person’s general condition. The earlier the therapy begins (preferably in a neurological department), the better the chances of a complete recovery.

 

In the most common form, brain inflammation caused by herpes simplex viruses, the survival rate is about 80 percent, with virtually no encephalitis after effects. However, it is possible that permanent nerve damage remains. At 98 percent, the survival rate of brain inflammation caused by TBE viruses is significantly higher. Patients suffering from severe encephalitis also need additional support therapy: 

  • Auxiliary breathing, as well as careful monitoring of breathing and heart activity.
  • Fluids are injected internally to fill in the loss of the liquid and the appropriate level of the required mineral substances.
  • Taking anti-inflammatory drugs, such as corticosteroids, to reduce swelling and internal pressure.
  • Anti-cramp drugs such as phenytoin (Dilantin) to prevent or stop cramps.

 

Encephalitis Side Effects in Children

If a child becomes restless and sleepy, vomiting, has a headache or reddening of the skin, an ambulance should be called immediately. Children may be asymptomatic, and the first signs are often mistaken for the flu. If they occur, parents should be reassured so as not to endanger the child’s life.

Expected consequences of encephalitis in children include:

  • muscular atrophy;
  • mental retardation;
  • mental disorders;
  • impaired hearing and vision;
  • epileptic seizures;
  • problems with speech and language;
  • there are situations where a child with severe encephalitis has no adverse effects, but the likelihood of death is very high.

 

What Are the Light Encephalitis Complications?

What are the light encephalitis complications

In most cases, people with relatively light disease recover for several weeks without any complications in the long term. Brain failure as a result of the transferred inflammation can lead to a number of problems. Other complications of different severity may be preserved for several months or until the end of life:

  • Fatigue;
  • Weakness; 
  • Activity spikes;
  • Impaired concentration;
  • Seizures;
  • Problems with hearing or memory;
  • Light blindness.

 

How Long is Recovering from Encephalitis?

The illness usually lasts about 14 days, and rehabilitation takes at least two months. A patient with suspected tick-borne encephalitis is urgently admitted to a neurological hospital. If the patient has not been previously vaccinated, anti-Rickettsial Immunoglobulin is administered on the first day.

How long is recovering from encephalitis

The main areas of treatment for encephalitis include:

  • dehydration to prevent cerebral oedema;
  • anti-inflammatory therapy;
  • control of hypoxia;
  • desensitization;
  • angioprotective agents;
  • restoration of metabolism in the central nervous system;
  • stabilization of the water-electrolyte balance.

 

Symptoms such as tremors, paralysis, hyperkinesias, and neuroendocrine disorders may remain after the acute period has passed. For complete recovering from encephalitis (in the absence of contraindications), prescribe:

  • physical therapy; 
  • muscle relaxants;
  • massage;
  • neuroleptics;
  • anticonvulsants; 
  • cholinolytics;
  • antioxidants;
  • nootropics; 
  • drugs to improve metabolism.

Correctional psychotherapy and social adaptation are also added. The duration of rehabilitation after encephalitis depends on the severity of the disease and can last from several months to several years. Autoimmune encephalitis life expectancy can be long enough if all the rules are followed.

 

Contact Lone Star Neurology to Find Out More Information about Encephalitis

The main factors influencing the appearance and nature of the after-effects of encephalitis are: a patient’s age and the disease’s severity.

Successful treatment is significantly increased if the condition is diagnosed early. It is hazardous if the disease develops without pronounced symptoms. The person does not feel much discomfort, but the inflammation spreads to the brain cells quickly. The encephalitis complications are unpredictable in each case. The situation is complicated because in the first stage of the disease, the person does not give importance to the symptoms, considering them a manifestation of a cold.

Self-treatment and a reluctance to go to a health centre can lead to death – sometimes, encephalitis destroys brain cells quickly. It is why it is essential to find the right and competent doctor. Lone Star Neurology centre is dedicated to providing neurological help encompassing:

  • courtesy;
  • compassion;
  • quality care; 
  • excellence;
  • promptness. 

 

FAQ

  • Can you live a normal life after encephalitis?

The answer is unequivocal “yes”. After encephalitis you can live a normal life and no worse than before. The most significant thing is to find the right specialist and rehabilitator to help you through this difficult journey.

  • How long does it take the brain to recover from encephalitis?

Recovering from encephalitis can take a very long time. The duration depends on the specific pathogen, the person’s immunity, the epidemic situation, and attitude. However, the average is about a month and a half.

  • Can encephalitis change your personality?

Yes, it can be one of the encephalitis side effects as changes occur at the neurological level. But all such abnormalities can be corrected and restored to normalcy through psychotherapy and rehabilitation.

  • Is brain damage from encephalitis permanent?

Yes, this severe brain infection can lead to irreversible consequences, even including death. It is therefore vital to recognize the early signs of the disease at an early stage and to start early treatment with competent specialists.

  • How else can I catch encephalitis?

You can become infected by visiting tick-borne encephalitis-endemic areas in forests, woodland parks, or individual garden plots, ticks carried by dogs or cats, or flowers and branches.

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Lone Star Neurology
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Edward Medina
Edward Medina
15:34 30 Jun 22
Just such an amazing staff that makes you feel like part of their family. I’ve been going there for over 5 years now... and each visit I get the very best care and treatments that I have ever received in the 20+ years that I’ve been dealing with severe debilitating migraines. Since i started seeing them the number of my migraines has dropped from 15-20 a month to 2-3 every 3 month. I highly recommend them …they will change your life!read more
Daneisha Johnson
Daneisha Johnson
22:20 19 May 22
Dr. Askari was very kind and explained everything so I could understand. The other staff were nice as well. I would... have gave 5 stars but I was a little taken aback when I checked in and had to pay 600.00 upfront. I think that should have been discussed in a appointment confirmation call or email just so I could have been prepared.read more
Jean Cooper
Jean Cooper
16:54 29 Apr 22
I love the office staff they are friendly and very helpful. Dr. JODIE is very caring and understanding to your needs... and wants to help you. I will go back. would recommend Dr. Dr. Jodie to other Patients in a heart beat. The team works well together.read more
Linda M
Linda M
19:40 02 Apr 22
I was obviously stressed, needing to see a neurologist. The staff was so patient and Dr. Ansari was so kind. At one... point he told me to relax, we have time, when I was relaying my history of my condition. That helped ease my stress. I have seen 3 other neurologists and he was the only one who performed any assessment tests on my cognitive and physical skills. At one point I couldn't complete two assessments and got upset and cried. I was told, it's OK. That's why you're here. I was truly impressed, and super pleased with the whole experience!read more
Leslie Durham
Leslie Durham
15:05 01 Apr 22
I've been coming here for about 5 years. The staff are ALWAYS friendly and knowledgeable. The Doctors are the absolute... best!! Jodie Moore is always in such a great mood which is a plus when you are already stressed. Highly recommendedread more
Monica Del Bosque
Monica Del Bosque
14:13 25 Mar 22
Since my first post my thoughts have changed here. It's unfortunate. My doctor and PA were great, but the office staff... is horrible. They never call you back when they say they will, they misinform you, they cause you too much stress wondering what's going on, they don't keep you posted. They never answer the phone. At this point I've left four messages in the last week, and I have sent three messages. Twice from their portal and one direct email. No response. My appointment is on Monday morning at 8:30am, no confirmation on my insurance and what's going on. What the heck is going on, this is ridiculous!I've given up... the stress her office staff has put me through is just not worth it. You can do so much better, please clean house, either change out your office staff, or find a way for them to be more efficient please. You have to do something. This is not how you want to run your practice. It leaves a very bad impression on your business.read more
Ron Buckholz
Ron Buckholz
23:32 23 Mar 22
I was actually pleasantly surprised with this visit! It took me a long time to get the appointment scheduled because no... one answers your phones EVER! After a month, I finally got in, and your staff was warm, friendly, and I was totally impressed! I feel like you will take care of my needs!read more
Steve Nabavi
Steve Nabavi
16:28 16 Mar 22
It was a nice visit. Happy staff doing all they can do to comfort the patients in a very calming environment. You ask... me they are earned a big gold star on the fridge. My only complaint they didn't give me any cookies.read more
Katie Lewis
Katie Lewis
16:10 10 Feb 22
Had very positive appointments with Jodie and Dr. Sheth for my migraine care. Jodie was so fast with the injections and... has so much valuable info. I started to feel light headed during checkout and the staff was SO helpful—giving me a chair, water, and taking me into a private room until I felt better. Highly recommend this practice for migraine patients, they know what they’re doing!!read more
Joshua Martinez
Joshua Martinez
16:02 10 Dec 21
I was scheduled to be checked and just want to say that the staff was fantastic. They were kind and helpful. I was... asked many questions related to what was going on and not once did I feel as though I was being brushed off. The front desk staff was especially great in assisting me. I'm scheduled to go back for a mri and am glad that I'll be going there.read more
Isabel Ivy
Isabel Ivy
21:42 03 Nov 21
I had such a good experience with Lone Star Neurology, Brent my MRI Tech was so awesome and made sure I was very... comfortable during the appointment. He gave me ear plugs, a pillow, leg support and blanket, easiest MRI ever lol 🤣 My 72 hour EEG nurse Amanda was also so awesome. She made sure I was take care of over the 3 days and took her time with the electrodes to make sure it was comfortable for me! Paige was also a huge help in answering all my questions when it came to my test results, and letting me know her honest opinions about how I should go forth with my treatment.read more
Leslie Luce
Leslie Luce
17:37 20 Oct 21
The professionalism and want to help attitude of this office was present from the moment I contacted them. The follow... up and follow through as well as their willingness to find a way to schedule my dad was above and beyond. We visited two offices in the same day with the same experience. I am appreciative of this—we spend a lot of time with doctors and this was top notch start to finish.read more
robert Parker
robert Parker
16:38 16 Apr 21
I love going to this office. The staff is friendly and helpful. The doctor is great. I am getting the best... neurological tests and treatment I have ever had. The only reason I did not give them a 5 star rating is because it is impossible to reach a live person at the office to reschedule appointments. Every time I have tried to get through to the office it says all people are busy and I am sent to a voicemail. If they could get their phone answering fixed, I would give them a strong 5 stars.read more
MaryAnn Hornbaker
MaryAnn Hornbaker
00:26 25 Feb 21
Dr. Harney is an excellent Dr. I found him friendly , personable and thorough. I evidently am an unusual case. ... Therefore he spent a Hugh amount of time educating me. He even gave me literature to further explain my condition and how to follow up. This is something you rarely get from your doctors. So I am more than please with my doctor and his staff.read more
Roger Arguello
Roger Arguello
03:05 29 Jan 21
Always courteous, professional. The staff is very friendly and always work with you to find the best appointment time.... The care team has been great. Always taking the time to listen to your concerns and to find the best treatment.read more
Margaret Rowland
Margaret Rowland
01:12 27 Jan 21
I have been a patient at Lone Star Neurology for several years. Now both my adult daughters also are patients there. I... love Jodie. She is always so prompt whether it is a teleamed call are a visit in the office. She takes the time to explain everything to me and answers all my questions. I am so blessed to have Jodie as my doctor.read more
Susan Miller
Susan Miller
03:01 13 Jan 21
My husband had an accident 5 years ago and Lone Star Neurology has been such a blessing to us with my husbands care.... Jodie Moore is his provider and she is amazing! Jodie is very knowledgeable, caring, and thorough. She takes her time with you, making sure your needs are met and she is happy to answer any questions you may have. Lone Star Neurology’s patients are very lucky to have Jodie providing their care. Thank you Lone Star Neurology and especially Jodie for everything you have done for us. Jodie, you are the best!read more
Windalyn C
Windalyn C
01:32 09 Jan 21
Jodie is wonderful. She is very caring and knowledgeable. I have been to over a dozen neurologists, and none were able... to help me as much as they have here. Thanks!read more
Katie Kordel
Katie Kordel
00:40 09 Jan 21
Jodi Moore, nurse practitioner, is amazing. I have suffered from frequent, debilitating headaches for almost 20 years.... She has provided the best proactive and responsive care I have ever received. My quality of life has been greatly improved by her caring approach and tenacity in finding solutions.read more
Ellie Natsis
Ellie Natsis
15:41 07 Jan 21
I have had the best experience at this neurologist's office! For over a year I have been receiving iv treatments here... each month and my nurse, Bobbie is beyond wonderful!! She's so attentive, knowledgeable, caring, and detail oriented. She makes an otherwise uncomfortable experience much more pleasant and definitely puts me at ease! She also helps me with my insurance,ordering this specialty medication and dealing with the ordering process which is no easy feat.Needless to say, she goes above a beyond in every way and I'm so grateful to this office and to Bobbie for all they do for me!read more
Matt Morris
Matt Morris
15:39 07 Jan 21
Let me start by saying that I have been coming here for years. Due to my autoimmune disease, I am in this office... once every three weeks for multiple hours at a time. The office is very clean and the staff very friendly. My only complaint would be there communication via phone. They aren't the best at responding if you leave a voicemail and expect a call back. I understand that this is prob just due to the sheer number of alls they receive daily. What I can say I like the best about the office are the people. Bobby who handles my infusions is great. I never have any issues with her setting up my infusions. She is very quick to reply to messages sent via text and if she were to leave then my whole opinion of the office may change. I also enjoy people like Matt, Lauren, and Jodi. I appreciate all that they do for me and without this team I'm not sure I would be as happy as I am to visit the office as frequently as I have to. Please ensure that these folks are recognized as they are what makes my visit to this office so tolerable :).read more
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