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Diseases Causing Cerebral Palsy 

Sandeep Dhanyamraju MD
Medically reviewed by Sandeep Dhanyamraju
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Sandeep Dhanyamraju MD
Medically reviewed by Sandeep Dhanyamraju

Cerebral palsy is a group of diseases of the central nervous system with a leading non-progressive lesion of the motor zones and motor pathways of the brain. Cerebral palsy occurs as a result of damage to the immature brain, which is in a state of maturation in the prenatal period or at an early age. The basis for establishing the diagnosis of cerebral palsy after six months of a child’s life is that movement disorders are etiopathogenetically associated with brain damage in the perinatal and early postnatal periods, and their development passed into the residual (stationary) period.

The causes of cerebral palsy. Among the causes of cerebral palsy, harmful effects on the brain in the prenatal period predominate, up to 95%, in second place are antenatal (during childbirth) harmfulness, followed by postnatal (early postpartum) factors. Damage to the conditions cerebral of the child during childbirth due to asphyxia and intracranial hemorrhage is superimposed on the existing phenomena. Traumatic brain injury in the postnatal period can also worsen the condition of the child. Also, among the reasons for development, it should be noted:

  • deep prematurity and hydrocephalus
  • malformations of the brain
  • traumatic or hypoxic-ischemic damage to the brain and spinal cord
  • intrauterine infection of the fetus (toxoplasmosis, chlamydia, herpes virus, rubella, etc.)
  • incompatibility of the Rh factor of the mother and the fetus “Rh-conflict”
  • autoimmune process
  • toxicosis of pregnancy
  • infectious, endocrine
  • chronic somatic diseases of the mother.


Symptoms of cerebral palsy may not be noticed until the baby is 1 to 3 years old,  when peculiarities of the child’s growth become noticeable. Neither doctors nor parents can pay attention to the child’s motor sphere disorders until these disorders become evident. Children may retain reflex movements of newborns without age-appropriate development of movement skills. And sometimes, the first to pay attention to the child’s underdevelopment are nannies. If cerebral palsy is severe, then the symptoms of this disease are already found in the newborn. But the appearance of symptoms depends on the type of cerebral palsy.

The most common symptoms of severe cerebral palsy are:

  • Swallowing and sucking problems
  • Faint cry
  • Convulsions
  • Unusual child poses. The body can be very relaxed or have very strong hyperextension with arms and legs. These positions are significantly different from those that occur with colic in newborns.

Some problems become more apparent over time or develop as the child grows. They can include:

  • Muscle hypotrophy in injured arms or legs. Nervous system problems interfere with movement in injured arms and legs, and muscle stiffness affects muscle growth.
  • Pathological sensations and perception. Some patients with cerebral palsy are very sensitive to pain. Even ordinary daily activities such as brushing your teeth can be painful. Pathological sensations can also affect the ability to identify objects by touch.
  • Skin irritation. Drooling, which is often common, can irritate the skin around the mouth, chin, and chest.
  • Dental problems. Children who have difficulty brushing their teeth are at risk of gum disease and tooth decay. Drugs used to prevent seizures can also contribute to the development of gum disease.
  • Accidents. Falls, seizures, and other accidents are risks.
  • Infections and somatic diseases. Adults with this disease are at a high risk of heart and lung diseases. For example, in severe cerebral palsy, there are problems with swallowing, and when choking, part of the food enters the trachea, which contributes to lung disease.

All patients with cerebral palsy have certain problems with body movement and posture. Still, many babies show no signs at birth. Sometimes, only the nannies or caregivers are the first to pay attention to the deviation in the child’s movements that contradict the age criteria. The signs of this disease may become more apparent as the child grows. Some developmental disorders may not show up until the end of the baby’s first year. The brain injury that causes of this disease does not appear for a long time, but the consequences can appear, change, or become more severe as the child grows older.

Certain effects of cerebral palsy depend on its type and severity, the level of mental development, and the presence of other complications and diseases.

Cerebral palsy Treatment

Cerebral palsy Treatment

Cerebral palsy is an incurable disease. Conditions cerebral trauma or other factors leading to cerebral palsy do not progress, but new symptoms may appear or progress as the child grows and develops. But a variety of treatments help patients minimize movement and other impairments and thus improve their quality of life.

Initial treatment. Exercise therapy is an essential part of treatment that begins shortly after a child is diagnosed and often continues throughout their life. This type of treatment may also be prescribed before diagnosis, depending on the child’s symptoms.

Medication can help treat some of the symptoms and prevent complications. For example, antispasmodics and muscle relaxants help relax tight muscles and increase range of motion. Anticholinergics help improve limb movement or reduce drooling. Other medications can be used as symptomatic treatment (e.g., using anticonvulsants if seizures are present)

Permanent cerebral palsy treatment focuses on continuing and adjusting existing treatments and adding new treatments as needed. Permanent treatment may include: 

  • Exercise therapy can help a child become as mobile as possible. It can also help prevent the need for surgery. If the child underwent surgical treatment, intensive exercise therapy may be necessary for six or more months. Medication should be monitored constantly to avoid possible side effects of medications.
  • Orthopedic surgery (for muscles, tendons, and joints) or dorsal rhizotomy (excision of the nerves of injured limbs) if there are significant problems with bones and muscles, ligaments, and tendons.
  • Special orthopedic devices (braces, splints, orthoses).
  • Behavioral therapy, in which a psychologist helps a child find ways to communicate with peers, is also part of the treatment.
  • Massage, manual therapy can also be used to treat both basic symptoms and complications associated with impaired biomechanics of movement.
  • Social adaptation. Modern technologies (computers) have made it possible to employ many patients with the consequences of cerebral palsy.

What treatment methods are currently being used? There are many different directions in the treatment of cerebral palsy. They can be roughly divided into several groups:

  • various types of massage and physiotherapy exercises:
  1. Bobath techniques
  2. Lindenman
  3. Frohlikha
  4. Vojta
  5. Cabot
  6. Phelps
  7. Bortzelda
  8. Blum’s imperative corrective gymnastics
  9. massage with inflatable Polish objects
  10. hippotherapy and other techniques.
  • surgical methods of treatment, clipping of tendons, stage-by-stage plastering
  • administration of botulinum toxin and stem cell preparations
  • chipping with various pharmacological preparations
  • use of orthopedic devices
  • various physiotherapeutic procedures: barotherapy, cryotherapy, kinesiotherapy, electrical muscle stimulation, manual therapy, acupuncture, oxygen therapy, etc. 
  • speech therapy and psychological correction, music therapy, color therapy, educational impact, occupational therapy.

How effective are these techniques? Undoubtedly, all practically existing methods make a certain contribution to the treatment of cerebral palsy, but it must be borne in mind that all of them are not radical but symptomatic. Most of the available therapeutic methods affect one or more symptoms (decreased muscle tone, correction of pathological attitudes of the limbs, correction of pseudobulbar disorders) without affecting the cause of the disease. Thus, they are not pathogenic, and this leads to their low clinical efficacy.

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Edward Medina
Edward Medina
15:34 30 Jun 22
Just such an amazing staff that makes you feel like part of their family. I’ve been going there for over 5 years now... and each visit I get the very best care and treatments that I have ever received in the 20+ years that I’ve been dealing with severe debilitating migraines. Since i started seeing them the number of my migraines has dropped from 15-20 a month to 2-3 every 3 month. I highly recommend them …they will change your life!read more
Daneisha Johnson
Daneisha Johnson
22:20 19 May 22
Dr. Askari was very kind and explained everything so I could understand. The other staff were nice as well. I would... have gave 5 stars but I was a little taken aback when I checked in and had to pay 600.00 upfront. I think that should have been discussed in a appointment confirmation call or email just so I could have been more
Jean Cooper
Jean Cooper
16:54 29 Apr 22
I love the office staff they are friendly and very helpful. Dr. JODIE is very caring and understanding to your needs... and wants to help you. I will go back. would recommend Dr. Dr. Jodie to other Patients in a heart beat. The team works well more
Linda M
Linda M
19:40 02 Apr 22
I was obviously stressed, needing to see a neurologist. The staff was so patient and Dr. Ansari was so kind. At one... point he told me to relax, we have time, when I was relaying my history of my condition. That helped ease my stress. I have seen 3 other neurologists and he was the only one who performed any assessment tests on my cognitive and physical skills. At one point I couldn't complete two assessments and got upset and cried. I was told, it's OK. That's why you're here. I was truly impressed, and super pleased with the whole experience!read more
Leslie Durham
Leslie Durham
15:05 01 Apr 22
I've been coming here for about 5 years. The staff are ALWAYS friendly and knowledgeable. The Doctors are the absolute... best!! Jodie Moore is always in such a great mood which is a plus when you are already stressed. Highly recommendedread more
Monica Del Bosque
Monica Del Bosque
14:13 25 Mar 22
Since my first post my thoughts have changed here. It's unfortunate. My doctor and PA were great, but the office staff... is horrible. They never call you back when they say they will, they misinform you, they cause you too much stress wondering what's going on, they don't keep you posted. They never answer the phone. At this point I've left four messages in the last week, and I have sent three messages. Twice from their portal and one direct email. No response. My appointment is on Monday morning at 8:30am, no confirmation on my insurance and what's going on. What the heck is going on, this is ridiculous!I've given up... the stress her office staff has put me through is just not worth it. You can do so much better, please clean house, either change out your office staff, or find a way for them to be more efficient please. You have to do something. This is not how you want to run your practice. It leaves a very bad impression on your more
Ron Buckholz
Ron Buckholz
23:32 23 Mar 22
I was actually pleasantly surprised with this visit! It took me a long time to get the appointment scheduled because no... one answers your phones EVER! After a month, I finally got in, and your staff was warm, friendly, and I was totally impressed! I feel like you will take care of my needs!read more
Steve Nabavi
Steve Nabavi
16:28 16 Mar 22
It was a nice visit. Happy staff doing all they can do to comfort the patients in a very calming environment. You ask... me they are earned a big gold star on the fridge. My only complaint they didn't give me any more
Katie Lewis
Katie Lewis
16:10 10 Feb 22
Had very positive appointments with Jodie and Dr. Sheth for my migraine care. Jodie was so fast with the injections and... has so much valuable info. I started to feel light headed during checkout and the staff was SO helpful—giving me a chair, water, and taking me into a private room until I felt better. Highly recommend this practice for migraine patients, they know what they’re doing!!read more
Joshua Martinez
Joshua Martinez
16:02 10 Dec 21
I was scheduled to be checked and just want to say that the staff was fantastic. They were kind and helpful. I was... asked many questions related to what was going on and not once did I feel as though I was being brushed off. The front desk staff was especially great in assisting me. I'm scheduled to go back for a mri and am glad that I'll be going more
Isabel Ivy
Isabel Ivy
21:42 03 Nov 21
I had such a good experience with Lone Star Neurology, Brent my MRI Tech was so awesome and made sure I was very... comfortable during the appointment. He gave me ear plugs, a pillow, leg support and blanket, easiest MRI ever lol 🤣 My 72 hour EEG nurse Amanda was also so awesome. She made sure I was take care of over the 3 days and took her time with the electrodes to make sure it was comfortable for me! Paige was also a huge help in answering all my questions when it came to my test results, and letting me know her honest opinions about how I should go forth with my more
Leslie Luce
Leslie Luce
17:37 20 Oct 21
The professionalism and want to help attitude of this office was present from the moment I contacted them. The follow... up and follow through as well as their willingness to find a way to schedule my dad was above and beyond. We visited two offices in the same day with the same experience. I am appreciative of this—we spend a lot of time with doctors and this was top notch start to more
robert Parker
robert Parker
16:38 16 Apr 21
I love going to this office. The staff is friendly and helpful. The doctor is great. I am getting the best... neurological tests and treatment I have ever had. The only reason I did not give them a 5 star rating is because it is impossible to reach a live person at the office to reschedule appointments. Every time I have tried to get through to the office it says all people are busy and I am sent to a voicemail. If they could get their phone answering fixed, I would give them a strong 5 more
MaryAnn Hornbaker
MaryAnn Hornbaker
00:26 25 Feb 21
Dr. Harney is an excellent Dr. I found him friendly , personable and thorough. I evidently am an unusual case. ... Therefore he spent a Hugh amount of time educating me. He even gave me literature to further explain my condition and how to follow up. This is something you rarely get from your doctors. So I am more than please with my doctor and his more
Roger Arguello
Roger Arguello
03:05 29 Jan 21
Always courteous, professional. The staff is very friendly and always work with you to find the best appointment time.... The care team has been great. Always taking the time to listen to your concerns and to find the best more
Margaret Rowland
Margaret Rowland
01:12 27 Jan 21
I have been a patient at Lone Star Neurology for several years. Now both my adult daughters also are patients there. I... love Jodie. She is always so prompt whether it is a teleamed call are a visit in the office. She takes the time to explain everything to me and answers all my questions. I am so blessed to have Jodie as my more
Susan Miller
Susan Miller
03:01 13 Jan 21
My husband had an accident 5 years ago and Lone Star Neurology has been such a blessing to us with my husbands care.... Jodie Moore is his provider and she is amazing! Jodie is very knowledgeable, caring, and thorough. She takes her time with you, making sure your needs are met and she is happy to answer any questions you may have. Lone Star Neurology’s patients are very lucky to have Jodie providing their care. Thank you Lone Star Neurology and especially Jodie for everything you have done for us. Jodie, you are the best!read more
Windalyn C
Windalyn C
01:32 09 Jan 21
Jodie is wonderful. She is very caring and knowledgeable. I have been to over a dozen neurologists, and none were able... to help me as much as they have here. Thanks!read more
Katie Kordel
Katie Kordel
00:40 09 Jan 21
Jodi Moore, nurse practitioner, is amazing. I have suffered from frequent, debilitating headaches for almost 20 years.... She has provided the best proactive and responsive care I have ever received. My quality of life has been greatly improved by her caring approach and tenacity in finding more
Ellie Natsis
Ellie Natsis
15:41 07 Jan 21
I have had the best experience at this neurologist's office! For over a year I have been receiving iv treatments here... each month and my nurse, Bobbie is beyond wonderful!! She's so attentive, knowledgeable, caring, and detail oriented. She makes an otherwise uncomfortable experience much more pleasant and definitely puts me at ease! She also helps me with my insurance,ordering this specialty medication and dealing with the ordering process which is no easy feat.Needless to say, she goes above a beyond in every way and I'm so grateful to this office and to Bobbie for all they do for me!read more
Matt Morris
Matt Morris
15:39 07 Jan 21
Let me start by saying that I have been coming here for years. Due to my autoimmune disease, I am in this office... once every three weeks for multiple hours at a time. The office is very clean and the staff very friendly. My only complaint would be there communication via phone. They aren't the best at responding if you leave a voicemail and expect a call back. I understand that this is prob just due to the sheer number of alls they receive daily. What I can say I like the best about the office are the people. Bobby who handles my infusions is great. I never have any issues with her setting up my infusions. She is very quick to reply to messages sent via text and if she were to leave then my whole opinion of the office may change. I also enjoy people like Matt, Lauren, and Jodi. I appreciate all that they do for me and without this team I'm not sure I would be as happy as I am to visit the office as frequently as I have to. Please ensure that these folks are recognized as they are what makes my visit to this office so tolerable :).read more
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