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Broca’s Area Damage: Causes, Symptoms & Treatment

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Medically reviewed by Dr. Shukla
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dr shukla neurologist tx
Medically reviewed by Dr. Shukla

Broca’s area is an important part of the brain that helps us speak and understand language. When it gets damaged, it can affect our ability to communicate. There are different causes of damage to Broca’s area. They are strokes, brain injuries, tumors, infections, or degenerative diseases. Broca’s aphasia symptoms usually include trouble speaking and forming sentences. People may find it hard to find the right words, speak fluently, and use correct grammar.

Read the study of damage to Broca’s area !

Treating Broca’s area damage involves a combination of approaches. Speech therapy is a key part of treatment. There, exercises and strategies are usually used to improve language skills. Depending on the cause and severity of the damage, medications or surgery may also be used.

In this article, we will explore:

  • The causes.
  • Broca’s aphasia symptoms.
  • Treatment options for Broca’s area damage.

By understanding this issue, we can offer hope and help regain the ability to communicate.

Understanding Broca’s Area and Its Role in Language Processing

Broca’s area is an essential area of the brain that helps with lexicon. It’s located in the front part of the brain, usually on the left side for right-handed people. Broca’s area helps us speak and understand grammar.

The main job of Broca’s area is to control the muscles we use for speaking. It helps us make the right movements to say words and sentences. It also helps with understanding grammar and how words fit together.

If Broca’s area gets damaged from an injury or stroke, people can have trouble forming words and making sense in sentences. It’s called Broca’s aphasia. People with this condition often speak slowly. And they have a hard time putting words together.

Studying Broca’s area and its role in language helps us understand how we communicate. It gives us insights into language problems. And it helps us find ways to diagnose and treat people with language disorders.

causes of brocas area damage

Causes of Broca’s Area Damage

Lexicon area is a crucial region in the brain. It plays a fundamental role in language production and speech comprehension. 

Damage to this area can lead to a condition known as Broca’s aphasia. Difficulties in fluent speech production and impairment in grammatical structure characterize it.

The causes of lexicon area damage can be attributed to various factors. Understanding the causes of Broca’s area damage is essential for:

  • Diagnosis.
  • Broca’s aphasia treatment.
  • Rehabilitation.

It allows doctors to tailor interventions to the specific underlying factors.


Stroke is what causes Broca’s aphasia. Ischemic or hemorrhagic strokes can affect the blood supply to the brain. And it can lead to damage to the lexicon area. The interruption of blood flow deprives the brain of oxygen and nutrients. It leads to cell death and later impairment in lexicon production and comprehension.

Traumatic Brain Injury

Severe head injuries can damage the lexicon area. The impact or penetration of a foreign object can cause localized brain trauma. It affects the frontal lobe and, specifically the region of the lexicon area. TBI-induced damage to this area can result in language difficulties. It includes problems with speech production and grammar.

Brain Tumor or Lesion

The presence of tumors or lesions in or near the lexicon area is also what causes Broca’s aphasia. Tumors can exert pressure on the surrounding brain tissue. It interferes with the normal functioning of the lexicon area. Also, the surgical removal of brain tumors near this area may result in damage.

Neurodegenerative Disorders

Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson’s disease, and primary progressive aphasia can cause damage. The gradual degeneration of brain tissue in these disorders affects various regions involved in language processing, including lexicon area. As a result, individuals may experience a decline in language skills. It includes difficulty with speech production and syntax.

Symptoms of Broca’s Area Damage

Here are some common symptoms associated with Broca’s aphasia:

  • Expressive Aphasia. Individuals with lexicon area damage often experience difficulty expressing themselves verbally. They may struggle to find and articulate words. It results in limited vocabulary and reduced fluency of speech.
  • Non-fluent Speech. Speech output may become slow and effortful. Individuals may produce short, fragmented sentences or phrases. Their speech may lack grammatical structure and intonation. It leads to a telegraphic speech pattern.
  • Articulation Problems. Broca’s area damage can affect the coordination of the muscles involved in speech production. It leads to difficulties with articulation. Individuals may have trouble forming precise sounds and pronouncing words correctly.
  • Grammatical Impairments. Lexicon area is involved in syntactic processing. So damage to this region can lead to difficulties with grammar. People may struggle with word order, verb tense, and the formation of complex sentences.
  • Comprehension Abilities. Lexicon area primarily affects language production. But some individuals may also experience mild comprehension difficulties. But comprehension abilities are generally less affected compared to expressive language skills.
  • Frustration and Emotional Changes. Language difficulties can lead to frustration and emotional changes. They may become aware of their speech limitations. It results in feelings of frustration, embarrassment, or anxiety.
  • Writing Impairments. Broca’s area damage can extend to written language. It leads to difficulties in written expression. Individuals may struggle with spelling, grammar, and organizing thoughts coherently in written form.

brocas area damages symptoms

Diagnosis and Evaluation

Here are key aspects of the diagnosis the damage to Broca’s area:

  • Medical History. The healthcare professional will review the patient’s medical history. It includes any previous brain injuries, strokes, or neurodegenerative conditions.
  • Physical Examination. A thorough physical examination will be conducted. It’s to assess neurological function. It includes speech and language abilities, motor skills, and sensory responses.
  • Imaging Techniques. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or computed tomography (CT) scans may help to find damage to Broca’s area. They visualize the brain. And they help to identify any structural abnormalities or lesions affecting Broca’s area.
  • Language Assessments. Standardized language assessments, conducted by a speech-language pathologist, can check expressive and receptive language skills, including speech production, grammar, vocabulary, and comprehension abilities.
  • Articulation and Speech Analysis. The healthcare professional will assess the individual’s speech production, articulation, and fluency. It’s to determine the presence and severity of any speech impairments.
  • Writing and Reading Assessments. The evaluation may include tests to find damage to Broca’s area. They assess the individual’s writing and reading abilities. They also include examining spelling, grammar, sentence construction, and comprehension skills.
  • Functional Communication Assessment. The impact of lexicon area damage on everyday communication will be evaluated. It considers the individual’s ability to interact, engage in conversation, and convey messages.
  • Collaboration with Other Specialists. Depending on the underlying cause and associated Broca’s aphasia symptoms, collaboration with other healthcare professionals, such as neurologists, neuropsychologists, or oncologists, may be necessary for a comprehensive evaluation and accurate diagnosis.

Treatment Approaches

Broca’s area plays a crucial role in the production and comprehension of speech. When this area gets damaged, individuals may experience difficulties with expressive language. It includes problems with speech production, articulation, and grammatical structure. The Broca’s area damage has a significant impact on a person’s life.

Fortunately, the field of neurorehabilitation offers hope for individuals with lexicon area damage. Broca’s aphasia treatment approaches aim to maximize recovery and improve language functioning. They use various techniques and interventions. These treatments harness the brain’s remarkable plasticity. And they promote neuroplastic changes that ease language rehabilitation.

This block examines the importance of treatment approaches for lexicon area damage. It highlights the need for individualized and multidisciplinary interventions. By addressing the specific challenges associated with lexicon area damage, these treatment approaches offer hope and opportunities for individuals to regain and enhance their communication abilities.

Speech Therapy

Speech therapy is a fundamental treatment approach for individuals with Broca’s area damage. A speech-language pathologist (SLP) works closely with the individual. It’s to address specific language difficulties. The therapy sessions may include the following components:

  • Articulation Exercises. SLPs use exercises to improve the precision and coordination of speech movements. It helps individuals enhance their ability to produce clear and accurate sounds.
  • Language Training. Therapy focuses on improving vocabulary, grammar, and sentence construction. SLPs may use structured activities, visual aids, and drills. It’s to enhance language skills. And it eases the development of more fluent and grammatically correct speech.
  • Communication Strategies. This Broca’s aphasia treatment works with individuals to develop compensatory strategies. It’s to overcome speech difficulties. These may include using gestures, writing, or other forms of nonverbal communication.

Augmentative and Alternative Communication (AAC)

AAC methods provide individuals with alternative ways to communicate when speech is impaired. These approaches can be valuable for individuals with severe Broca’s aphasia. Examples of AAC techniques include:

  • Picture Communication Boards. A board with pictures or symbols helps to convey messages. And it helps to engage in basic communication.
  • Speech-Generating Devices. For this Broca’s aphasia treatment, electronic devices with pre-recorded or synthesized speech may help. They allow individuals to select words or phrases. They use touchscreens or switches, which are then vocalized by the device.
  • Gesture-Based Communication. The use of gestures, such as pointing, nodding, or facial expressions, can ease communication.
  • Writing and Typing. Individuals may rely on writing or typing as alternative means of communication. SLPs can help improve writing skills. And it provides adaptive techniques. They’re the use of assistive technology or word prediction software. It’s to support written expression.


Broca’s area damage can occur due to:

  • Stroke.
  • Traumatic brain injury.
  • Brain tumors.
  • Neurodegenerative disorders.

Broca’s aphasia symptoms include problems with speech, grammar, and articulation. Diagnosis involves a thorough evaluation. It includes medical history, physical examination, imaging, and language assessments. 

Treatment includes speech therapy and AAC methods for alternative communication. Understanding the causes, symptoms, and treatment help individuals with damage to Broca’s area. It helps to improve their communication and quality of life.


  • What happens if the Broca’s area gets damaged?

It can result in language impairments, including difficulties with speech production and grammar.

  • Does damage to Broca’s area cause Broca’s aphasia?

Yes, it’s associated with Broca’s aphasia. It’s characterized by non-fluent speech, limited vocabulary, and difficulty forming sentences.

  • Can damage to Broca’s area affect other cognitive functions?

Yes, damage to Broca’s area can sometimes impact other cognitive functions. They are working memory, attention, and executive functions.

  • Is Broca’s aphasia a permanent condition?

The severity and prognosis of Broca’s aphasia vary among individuals. With appropriate treatment, individuals may show improvement in their language abilities over time. But in some cases, certain language difficulties may persist to some degree.

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Edward Medina
Edward Medina
15:34 30 Jun 22
Just such an amazing staff that makes you feel like part of their family. I’ve been going there for over 5 years now... and each visit I get the very best care and treatments that I have ever received in the 20+ years that I’ve been dealing with severe debilitating migraines. Since i started seeing them the number of my migraines has dropped from 15-20 a month to 2-3 every 3 month. I highly recommend them …they will change your life!read more
Daneisha Johnson
Daneisha Johnson
22:20 19 May 22
Dr. Askari was very kind and explained everything so I could understand. The other staff were nice as well. I would... have gave 5 stars but I was a little taken aback when I checked in and had to pay 600.00 upfront. I think that should have been discussed in a appointment confirmation call or email just so I could have been more
Jean Cooper
Jean Cooper
16:54 29 Apr 22
I love the office staff they are friendly and very helpful. Dr. JODIE is very caring and understanding to your needs... and wants to help you. I will go back. would recommend Dr. Dr. Jodie to other Patients in a heart beat. The team works well more
Linda M
Linda M
19:40 02 Apr 22
I was obviously stressed, needing to see a neurologist. The staff was so patient and Dr. Ansari was so kind. At one... point he told me to relax, we have time, when I was relaying my history of my condition. That helped ease my stress. I have seen 3 other neurologists and he was the only one who performed any assessment tests on my cognitive and physical skills. At one point I couldn't complete two assessments and got upset and cried. I was told, it's OK. That's why you're here. I was truly impressed, and super pleased with the whole experience!read more
Leslie Durham
Leslie Durham
15:05 01 Apr 22
I've been coming here for about 5 years. The staff are ALWAYS friendly and knowledgeable. The Doctors are the absolute... best!! Jodie Moore is always in such a great mood which is a plus when you are already stressed. Highly recommendedread more
Monica Del Bosque
Monica Del Bosque
14:13 25 Mar 22
Since my first post my thoughts have changed here. It's unfortunate. My doctor and PA were great, but the office staff... is horrible. They never call you back when they say they will, they misinform you, they cause you too much stress wondering what's going on, they don't keep you posted. They never answer the phone. At this point I've left four messages in the last week, and I have sent three messages. Twice from their portal and one direct email. No response. My appointment is on Monday morning at 8:30am, no confirmation on my insurance and what's going on. What the heck is going on, this is ridiculous!I've given up... the stress her office staff has put me through is just not worth it. You can do so much better, please clean house, either change out your office staff, or find a way for them to be more efficient please. You have to do something. This is not how you want to run your practice. It leaves a very bad impression on your more
Ron Buckholz
Ron Buckholz
23:32 23 Mar 22
I was actually pleasantly surprised with this visit! It took me a long time to get the appointment scheduled because no... one answers your phones EVER! After a month, I finally got in, and your staff was warm, friendly, and I was totally impressed! I feel like you will take care of my needs!read more
Steve Nabavi
Steve Nabavi
16:28 16 Mar 22
It was a nice visit. Happy staff doing all they can do to comfort the patients in a very calming environment. You ask... me they are earned a big gold star on the fridge. My only complaint they didn't give me any more
Katie Lewis
Katie Lewis
16:10 10 Feb 22
Had very positive appointments with Jodie and Dr. Sheth for my migraine care. Jodie was so fast with the injections and... has so much valuable info. I started to feel light headed during checkout and the staff was SO helpful—giving me a chair, water, and taking me into a private room until I felt better. Highly recommend this practice for migraine patients, they know what they’re doing!!read more
Joshua Martinez
Joshua Martinez
16:02 10 Dec 21
I was scheduled to be checked and just want to say that the staff was fantastic. They were kind and helpful. I was... asked many questions related to what was going on and not once did I feel as though I was being brushed off. The front desk staff was especially great in assisting me. I'm scheduled to go back for a mri and am glad that I'll be going more
Isabel Ivy
Isabel Ivy
21:42 03 Nov 21
I had such a good experience with Lone Star Neurology, Brent my MRI Tech was so awesome and made sure I was very... comfortable during the appointment. He gave me ear plugs, a pillow, leg support and blanket, easiest MRI ever lol 🤣 My 72 hour EEG nurse Amanda was also so awesome. She made sure I was take care of over the 3 days and took her time with the electrodes to make sure it was comfortable for me! Paige was also a huge help in answering all my questions when it came to my test results, and letting me know her honest opinions about how I should go forth with my more
Leslie Luce
Leslie Luce
17:37 20 Oct 21
The professionalism and want to help attitude of this office was present from the moment I contacted them. The follow... up and follow through as well as their willingness to find a way to schedule my dad was above and beyond. We visited two offices in the same day with the same experience. I am appreciative of this—we spend a lot of time with doctors and this was top notch start to more
robert Parker
robert Parker
16:38 16 Apr 21
I love going to this office. The staff is friendly and helpful. The doctor is great. I am getting the best... neurological tests and treatment I have ever had. The only reason I did not give them a 5 star rating is because it is impossible to reach a live person at the office to reschedule appointments. Every time I have tried to get through to the office it says all people are busy and I am sent to a voicemail. If they could get their phone answering fixed, I would give them a strong 5 more
MaryAnn Hornbaker
MaryAnn Hornbaker
00:26 25 Feb 21
Dr. Harney is an excellent Dr. I found him friendly , personable and thorough. I evidently am an unusual case. ... Therefore he spent a Hugh amount of time educating me. He even gave me literature to further explain my condition and how to follow up. This is something you rarely get from your doctors. So I am more than please with my doctor and his more
Roger Arguello
Roger Arguello
03:05 29 Jan 21
Always courteous, professional. The staff is very friendly and always work with you to find the best appointment time.... The care team has been great. Always taking the time to listen to your concerns and to find the best more
Margaret Rowland
Margaret Rowland
01:12 27 Jan 21
I have been a patient at Lone Star Neurology for several years. Now both my adult daughters also are patients there. I... love Jodie. She is always so prompt whether it is a teleamed call are a visit in the office. She takes the time to explain everything to me and answers all my questions. I am so blessed to have Jodie as my more
Susan Miller
Susan Miller
03:01 13 Jan 21
My husband had an accident 5 years ago and Lone Star Neurology has been such a blessing to us with my husbands care.... Jodie Moore is his provider and she is amazing! Jodie is very knowledgeable, caring, and thorough. She takes her time with you, making sure your needs are met and she is happy to answer any questions you may have. Lone Star Neurology’s patients are very lucky to have Jodie providing their care. Thank you Lone Star Neurology and especially Jodie for everything you have done for us. Jodie, you are the best!read more
Windalyn C
Windalyn C
01:32 09 Jan 21
Jodie is wonderful. She is very caring and knowledgeable. I have been to over a dozen neurologists, and none were able... to help me as much as they have here. Thanks!read more
Katie Kordel
Katie Kordel
00:40 09 Jan 21
Jodi Moore, nurse practitioner, is amazing. I have suffered from frequent, debilitating headaches for almost 20 years.... She has provided the best proactive and responsive care I have ever received. My quality of life has been greatly improved by her caring approach and tenacity in finding more
Ellie Natsis
Ellie Natsis
15:41 07 Jan 21
I have had the best experience at this neurologist's office! For over a year I have been receiving iv treatments here... each month and my nurse, Bobbie is beyond wonderful!! She's so attentive, knowledgeable, caring, and detail oriented. She makes an otherwise uncomfortable experience much more pleasant and definitely puts me at ease! She also helps me with my insurance,ordering this specialty medication and dealing with the ordering process which is no easy feat.Needless to say, she goes above a beyond in every way and I'm so grateful to this office and to Bobbie for all they do for me!read more
Matt Morris
Matt Morris
15:39 07 Jan 21
Let me start by saying that I have been coming here for years. Due to my autoimmune disease, I am in this office... once every three weeks for multiple hours at a time. The office is very clean and the staff very friendly. My only complaint would be there communication via phone. They aren't the best at responding if you leave a voicemail and expect a call back. I understand that this is prob just due to the sheer number of alls they receive daily. What I can say I like the best about the office are the people. Bobby who handles my infusions is great. I never have any issues with her setting up my infusions. She is very quick to reply to messages sent via text and if she were to leave then my whole opinion of the office may change. I also enjoy people like Matt, Lauren, and Jodi. I appreciate all that they do for me and without this team I'm not sure I would be as happy as I am to visit the office as frequently as I have to. Please ensure that these folks are recognized as they are what makes my visit to this office so tolerable :).read more
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