Mon - Fri: 8:00AM - 5:00PM
Monday – Friday8:00AM - 5:00PM
Saturday Open for MRI
Sunday Closed
Migraine treatment same day as your first appointment.
Visit our Healow Portal
Visit our Healow Portal Call 214-619-1910
CALL 214-619-1910

Can Seizures Cause Brain Damage?

dr shukla neurologist tx
Medically reviewed by Dr. Shukla
Book appointment
dr shukla neurologist tx
Medically reviewed by Dr. Shukla

Seizures can cause a wide range of symptoms. They range from short-term loss of consciousness to convulsions. It can also be changes in mental status. Most attacks do no lasting damage. But repeated or prolonged сonvulsions can cause significant brain damage.

Understanding the main mechanisms of seizures is essential to be aware of seizures brain damage. Understanding the consequences is the first step to treating the disease. This is important for caring for and supporting people with conditions.

This article aims to shed light on the effects of сonvulsions on the cerebrum. In it, we will also discuss the steps to minimize potential harm.

Let’s embark on this educational journey to better understand the connection between seizures and cerebrum damage. This information will also help work to improve the quality of life of those affected by these neurological events. Can seizures cause brain damage? Yes, but what are cramps, how do they work, and how do you prevent them from causing damage?

What are Seizures?

Attacks always occur unexpectedly. They are sudden. These are uncontrolled disturbances of electrical activity in the cerebrum. Сonvulsions can lead to neurological symptoms. They occur due to abnormal and excessive electrical discharges in the brain’s neurons. This leads to different manifestations depending on the affected areas of the cerebrum. Can seizures cause brain damage in adults? Yes, both children and adults can suffer from it. Symptoms of a seizure can be different. They can be light and invisible. But often, convulsions can lead to severe and drastic consequences.

Among the attacks, different types of attacks are distinguished. Each of them has its unique characteristics.

  • Convulsive attacks. They are a generally recognized type and include involuntary body movements. People may lose consciousness during a seizure episode.
  • Non-convulsive attacks. They do not cause convulsions. But such сonvulsions can still lead to changes in consciousness or behavior. People experiencing nonconvulsive seizures may appear dazed or confused or exhibit repetitive movements such as lip smacking or hand rubbing.
  • Partial attacks. They are localized in some regions of the cerebrum. Сonvulsions may affect only one part of the body or certain senses. People may experience unusual sensations, emotions, or movements.
  • Generalized convulsions. They involve both hemispheres of the brain, often leading to loss of consciousness and seizures. They may include сonvulsions characterized by stiffness and twitching of the body.
  • Absence of seizures. They are also known as petit mal. They primarily affect children and cause barely noticeable changes in behavior. During absence сonvulsions, people may feel momentarily disconnected from their surroundings.
  • Various factors can trigger seizures. Average epilepsy, head injuries, cerebrum infections, strokes. It can also be brain tumors, withdrawal from drugs, or alcohol.

Can seizures cause brain damage? It is important to note that a single seizure does not indicate epilepsy or cerebrum damage. Many people have isolated attacks with lasting effects. However, if the convulsions are repeated, it is essential to consult a doctor.

representation of the human brain

Types of Seizures and Brain Damage

Seizures can cause cerebrum damage. Particularly severe damage occurs during status epilepticus or when seizures are frequent. Age and location of сonvulsions in the brain also affect the risk of injury. But we must recognize that not all adults with seizures have brain harm. Many people manage their attacks with appropriate medical interventions. It is also essential to adjust your lifestyle and adhere to prescribed medications. This reduces the risk of long-term damage.

Seizures can vary in appearance and impact on the cerebrum. Understanding the different types of attacks is critical. Knowing the effects on the brain is essential for proper treatment.

Focal attacks (partial attacks)

Abnormal electrical activity localized in a particular brain area causes focal seizures. People may experience various sensory, motor, or emotional changes. In some cases, focal convulsions can develop into generalized convulsions.

Frequent or prolonged focal сonvulsions can cause damage to some regions of the cerebrum. The degree of potential seizures brain damage depends on the frequency of the attacks.

Generalized convulsions

Generalized сonvulsions involve widespread abnormal electrical discharges. This happens in both hemispheres of the brain. This category includes different types of attacks. Among them are tonic-clonic seizures, absence сonvulsions, and atonic seizures. Also, myoclonic and tonic сonvulsions are distinguished from other types.

Generalized сonvulsions, especially tonic-clonic seizures, have a more significant potential for seizures brain damage. During tonic-clonic attacks, intense convulsions and loss of consciousness occur. This can create a load on the cerebrum and affect its normal functioning. Repeated or prolonged tonic-clonic сonvulsions may increase the risk of brain injury.

Epileptic status

Status epilepticus characterizes itself through prolonged, continuous, or multiple seizures. They occur without regaining consciousness between episodes. This condition requires immediate medical attention. It can be life-threatening and significantly affect brain health.

Status epilepticus poses a severe risk of cerebrum damage. This occurs due to prolonged and continuous seizure activity. Lack of oxygen supply to the brain can lead to neuronal damage.

Febrile convulsions

Febrile convulsions occur in young children as a response to high temperatures. They often occur as a result of infections. Most febrile seizures are short-lived and do not cause long-term damage.

In most cases, febrile сonvulsions do not cause brain harm. However, prolonged or atypical febrile seizures may pose a slightly higher risk.

Prompt and appropriate medical evaluation and treatment are essential in managing сonvulsions. Identifying the underlying cause, developing a treatment plan, and minimizing potential risks to cerebrum health is crucial.

People with a history of epilepsy or seizures may benefit from close monitoring. Lifestyle adjustments and antiepileptic drugs are also necessary. This helps reduce the frequency and intensity of сonvulsions and protects brain health. Referral to healthcare professionals is critical to optimizing treatment.

Seizure Permanent Damage

Seizures can potentially cause permanent cerebrum harm. Certain factors increase the risk of long-term effects. Understanding permanent damage is critical to supporting survivors.

Among the seizure, permanent damages are usually singled out.

  • Damage to neurons and cell death. During a seizure, abnormal electrical activity can overload brain cells. This leads to cell damage or death. Repeated attacks over time can contribute to cumulative neuronal damage.
  • Cognitive disorders. In some cases, сonvulsions can affect cognitive function. Among them are memory, attention, and learning. Frequent or uncontrolled seizures can interfere with children’s average cerebrum growth and maturation. This leads to cognitive impairment.
  • Motor dysfunction. Сonvulsions sometimes involve the motor areas of the brain. They can lead to motor dysfunction or coordination problems. This can manifest as difficulty with movement, muscle control, or balance.
  • Emotional and behavioral changes. Seizures can also affect emotions and behavior. People may experience mood swings, anxiety, depression, or personality changes.
  • Complication of status epilepticus. Many attacks without regaining consciousness carry a high risk of severe seizures brain damage. Prolonged seizure activity can lead to oxygen deprivation and increased neuronal damage.
  • Risk of progression of epilepsy. Repeated attacks can trigger a cycle of their intensification. It also makes you more susceptible to future episodes. This cycle can potentially worsen the effects of сonvulsions on cerebrum health over time.
  • Structural anomalies. In some cases, structural abnormalities of the brain may underlie seizures. These can be brain tumors, vascular malformations, or the results of head injuries.

Many people manage their attacks effectively with appropriate treatment. Therefore, if you suffer from such symptoms, consult a doctor. Early diagnosis and proper treatment can significantly reduce the risk of permanent seizure damage.

representation of the human brain on black background

Can Seizures Cause Brain Damage in Adults?

If certain factors are present, seizures can affect the adult brain. Not all сonvulsions lead to lasting damage, though. More often, convulsions affect children. They slow down their development. Can seizures cause brain damage in adults? The impact on the adult cerebrum can also be significant.

During status epilepticus, сonvulsions may deprive the brain of oxygen. This leads to neuronal damage and affects the adult cerebrum.

The more frequent and severe the attacks, the higher the risk of cerebrum damage. Adults with frequent seizures may be at greater risk of cumulative neuronal damage.

A person’s age plays a role in the resilience of the brain. In older people, the brain may be less able to recover from сonvulsions. This makes them more susceptible to cerebrum damage.

Delayed or inadequate treatment of seizures can increase the risk of brain harm.

Bottom Line

Early detection and timely treatment are crucial. This reduces seizures brain damage. Chance of brain harm associated with seizures. Collaboration with healthcare providers, especially neurologists specializing in epilepsy, is essential to optimize seizure control and cerebrum health.

Seizures can pose a risk to brain health. But proper treatment and proactive medical care can improve the condition of patients. If you experience convulsions, seek medical attention. Lone Star Neurology has experts with years of experience. They help patients with neurological problems. Apply!


Can all seizures cause brain damage?

No, not all seizures cause brain damage. Especially if they are infrequent and well-managed.


Can lifestyle modifications alone prevent brain damage from seizures?

Lifestyle changes can help reduce the risk of brain damage. But this alone may not be enough. Appropriate medical treatment and intervention are also important.


How can antiepileptic medications prevent brain damage?

Antiepileptic drugs can help control seizures by reducing their frequency and intensity. These medicines can reduce the risk of brain damage.


Is brain damage reversible?

In some cases, doctors prevent brain damage. It works if the underlying cause of the damage is treated in time. But in certain situations the damage can be permanent. Early intervention is critical for best outcomes.

1 Star2 Stars3 Stars4 Stars5 Stars (No Ratings Yet)
Be the first to write a review
Lone Star Neurology
Based on 905 reviews
powered by Google
Edward Medina
Edward Medina
15:34 30 Jun 22
Just such an amazing staff that makes you feel like part of their family. I’ve been going there for over 5 years now... and each visit I get the very best care and treatments that I have ever received in the 20+ years that I’ve been dealing with severe debilitating migraines. Since i started seeing them the number of my migraines has dropped from 15-20 a month to 2-3 every 3 month. I highly recommend them …they will change your life!read more
Daneisha Johnson
Daneisha Johnson
22:20 19 May 22
Dr. Askari was very kind and explained everything so I could understand. The other staff were nice as well. I would... have gave 5 stars but I was a little taken aback when I checked in and had to pay 600.00 upfront. I think that should have been discussed in a appointment confirmation call or email just so I could have been more
Jean Cooper
Jean Cooper
16:54 29 Apr 22
I love the office staff they are friendly and very helpful. Dr. JODIE is very caring and understanding to your needs... and wants to help you. I will go back. would recommend Dr. Dr. Jodie to other Patients in a heart beat. The team works well more
Linda M
Linda M
19:40 02 Apr 22
I was obviously stressed, needing to see a neurologist. The staff was so patient and Dr. Ansari was so kind. At one... point he told me to relax, we have time, when I was relaying my history of my condition. That helped ease my stress. I have seen 3 other neurologists and he was the only one who performed any assessment tests on my cognitive and physical skills. At one point I couldn't complete two assessments and got upset and cried. I was told, it's OK. That's why you're here. I was truly impressed, and super pleased with the whole experience!read more
Leslie Durham
Leslie Durham
15:05 01 Apr 22
I've been coming here for about 5 years. The staff are ALWAYS friendly and knowledgeable. The Doctors are the absolute... best!! Jodie Moore is always in such a great mood which is a plus when you are already stressed. Highly recommendedread more
Monica Del Bosque
Monica Del Bosque
14:13 25 Mar 22
Since my first post my thoughts have changed here. It's unfortunate. My doctor and PA were great, but the office staff... is horrible. They never call you back when they say they will, they misinform you, they cause you too much stress wondering what's going on, they don't keep you posted. They never answer the phone. At this point I've left four messages in the last week, and I have sent three messages. Twice from their portal and one direct email. No response. My appointment is on Monday morning at 8:30am, no confirmation on my insurance and what's going on. What the heck is going on, this is ridiculous!I've given up... the stress her office staff has put me through is just not worth it. You can do so much better, please clean house, either change out your office staff, or find a way for them to be more efficient please. You have to do something. This is not how you want to run your practice. It leaves a very bad impression on your more
Ron Buckholz
Ron Buckholz
23:32 23 Mar 22
I was actually pleasantly surprised with this visit! It took me a long time to get the appointment scheduled because no... one answers your phones EVER! After a month, I finally got in, and your staff was warm, friendly, and I was totally impressed! I feel like you will take care of my needs!read more
Steve Nabavi
Steve Nabavi
16:28 16 Mar 22
It was a nice visit. Happy staff doing all they can do to comfort the patients in a very calming environment. You ask... me they are earned a big gold star on the fridge. My only complaint they didn't give me any more
Katie Lewis
Katie Lewis
16:10 10 Feb 22
Had very positive appointments with Jodie and Dr. Sheth for my migraine care. Jodie was so fast with the injections and... has so much valuable info. I started to feel light headed during checkout and the staff was SO helpful—giving me a chair, water, and taking me into a private room until I felt better. Highly recommend this practice for migraine patients, they know what they’re doing!!read more
Joshua Martinez
Joshua Martinez
16:02 10 Dec 21
I was scheduled to be checked and just want to say that the staff was fantastic. They were kind and helpful. I was... asked many questions related to what was going on and not once did I feel as though I was being brushed off. The front desk staff was especially great in assisting me. I'm scheduled to go back for a mri and am glad that I'll be going more
Isabel Ivy
Isabel Ivy
21:42 03 Nov 21
I had such a good experience with Lone Star Neurology, Brent my MRI Tech was so awesome and made sure I was very... comfortable during the appointment. He gave me ear plugs, a pillow, leg support and blanket, easiest MRI ever lol 🤣 My 72 hour EEG nurse Amanda was also so awesome. She made sure I was take care of over the 3 days and took her time with the electrodes to make sure it was comfortable for me! Paige was also a huge help in answering all my questions when it came to my test results, and letting me know her honest opinions about how I should go forth with my more
Leslie Luce
Leslie Luce
17:37 20 Oct 21
The professionalism and want to help attitude of this office was present from the moment I contacted them. The follow... up and follow through as well as their willingness to find a way to schedule my dad was above and beyond. We visited two offices in the same day with the same experience. I am appreciative of this—we spend a lot of time with doctors and this was top notch start to more
robert Parker
robert Parker
16:38 16 Apr 21
I love going to this office. The staff is friendly and helpful. The doctor is great. I am getting the best... neurological tests and treatment I have ever had. The only reason I did not give them a 5 star rating is because it is impossible to reach a live person at the office to reschedule appointments. Every time I have tried to get through to the office it says all people are busy and I am sent to a voicemail. If they could get their phone answering fixed, I would give them a strong 5 more
MaryAnn Hornbaker
MaryAnn Hornbaker
00:26 25 Feb 21
Dr. Harney is an excellent Dr. I found him friendly , personable and thorough. I evidently am an unusual case. ... Therefore he spent a Hugh amount of time educating me. He even gave me literature to further explain my condition and how to follow up. This is something you rarely get from your doctors. So I am more than please with my doctor and his more
Roger Arguello
Roger Arguello
03:05 29 Jan 21
Always courteous, professional. The staff is very friendly and always work with you to find the best appointment time.... The care team has been great. Always taking the time to listen to your concerns and to find the best more
Margaret Rowland
Margaret Rowland
01:12 27 Jan 21
I have been a patient at Lone Star Neurology for several years. Now both my adult daughters also are patients there. I... love Jodie. She is always so prompt whether it is a teleamed call are a visit in the office. She takes the time to explain everything to me and answers all my questions. I am so blessed to have Jodie as my more
Susan Miller
Susan Miller
03:01 13 Jan 21
My husband had an accident 5 years ago and Lone Star Neurology has been such a blessing to us with my husbands care.... Jodie Moore is his provider and she is amazing! Jodie is very knowledgeable, caring, and thorough. She takes her time with you, making sure your needs are met and she is happy to answer any questions you may have. Lone Star Neurology’s patients are very lucky to have Jodie providing their care. Thank you Lone Star Neurology and especially Jodie for everything you have done for us. Jodie, you are the best!read more
Windalyn C
Windalyn C
01:32 09 Jan 21
Jodie is wonderful. She is very caring and knowledgeable. I have been to over a dozen neurologists, and none were able... to help me as much as they have here. Thanks!read more
Katie Kordel
Katie Kordel
00:40 09 Jan 21
Jodi Moore, nurse practitioner, is amazing. I have suffered from frequent, debilitating headaches for almost 20 years.... She has provided the best proactive and responsive care I have ever received. My quality of life has been greatly improved by her caring approach and tenacity in finding more
Ellie Natsis
Ellie Natsis
15:41 07 Jan 21
I have had the best experience at this neurologist's office! For over a year I have been receiving iv treatments here... each month and my nurse, Bobbie is beyond wonderful!! She's so attentive, knowledgeable, caring, and detail oriented. She makes an otherwise uncomfortable experience much more pleasant and definitely puts me at ease! She also helps me with my insurance,ordering this specialty medication and dealing with the ordering process which is no easy feat.Needless to say, she goes above a beyond in every way and I'm so grateful to this office and to Bobbie for all they do for me!read more
Matt Morris
Matt Morris
15:39 07 Jan 21
Let me start by saying that I have been coming here for years. Due to my autoimmune disease, I am in this office... once every three weeks for multiple hours at a time. The office is very clean and the staff very friendly. My only complaint would be there communication via phone. They aren't the best at responding if you leave a voicemail and expect a call back. I understand that this is prob just due to the sheer number of alls they receive daily. What I can say I like the best about the office are the people. Bobby who handles my infusions is great. I never have any issues with her setting up my infusions. She is very quick to reply to messages sent via text and if she were to leave then my whole opinion of the office may change. I also enjoy people like Matt, Lauren, and Jodi. I appreciate all that they do for me and without this team I'm not sure I would be as happy as I am to visit the office as frequently as I have to. Please ensure that these folks are recognized as they are what makes my visit to this office so tolerable :).read more
More reviews

Please, leave your review


Write a comment:

Book appointment