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Mental Health’s Nervous System Impact

Sajish Jacob
Medically reviewed by Sajish Jacob
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Sajish Jacob
Medically reviewed by Sajish Jacob

Mental health significantly influences the human nervous system’s (NS) functioning. Peace of mind is the key to success in all areas of life. Mental illness disrupts the normal functioning of NS. Anxiety, depression, and chronic stress are common and lead to various physical and psychological signs. Sometimes, mental health can be compromised. In such cases, the function of the nervous system releases stress hormones.

Prolonged activation can cause detrimental effects. They include impaired cognitive function and weakened immune response and increases the risk of cardiovascular diseases. Understanding the connection between mental health and the human NS is pivotal. It underscores the importance of addressing psychological well-being. 

Diseases of the nervous system

The NS disorders encompass many conditions. They affect the brain, spinal cord, and peripheral nerves. Common illnesses are Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s disease, multiple sclerosis, and epilepsy. They can significantly impact an individual’s physical and cognitive functions. Understanding nervous system diseases helps with developing effective treatments. Also, it improves patient outcomes. Research continues to uncover new insights into the causes and mechanisms. They aim to enhance individuals’ quality of life.

Types and classification of diseases

The following table outlines the types and classification of nervous system diseases. Among them are:

Type of Disease Description Examples
Neurodegenerative  Progressive loss of structure or function of neurons. It often leads to cognitive and motor impairments. Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s disease, ALS
Demyelinating  Damage to the myelin sheath surrounding nerve fibers. They disrupt signal transmission. Multiple sclerosis, Guillain-Barré syndrome
Cerebrovascular  Conditions affecting blood vessels and blood supply to the brain. Stroke, transient ischemic attack (TIA)
Infectious  Infections that affect the NS. Bacteria, viruses, fungi, or parasites usually cause them. Meningitis, encephalitis, neurocysticercosis
Genetic  Genetic mutations always cause hereditary conditions. They affect the human nervous system. Huntington’s disease, spinal muscular atrophy
Epileptic  Conditions characterized by recurrent, unprovoked seizures. Epilepsy, Dravet syndrome
Peripheral Nerve  Disorders affecting the peripheral nerves. They lead to sensory and motor impairments. Peripheral neuropathy, carpal tunnel syndrome
Functional  Conditions where the NS appears structurally normal but acts up. Migraine, fibromyalgia
Neuromuscular  Diseases that affect the muscles and control the nerves. Myasthenia gravis, muscular dystrophy
Traumatic Injuries Injuries result from physical damage to the NS. Spinal cord injury, traumatic brain injury

This table provides an overview of the main types and classifications of NS diseases. Also, it includes examples for each category.

Main causes and symptoms


The table below provides key information. It outlines the leading causes and signs of nervous system diseases:

Causes Symptoms
Genetic factors Cognitive decline, motor impairments, sensory disturbances.
Environmental factors Memory loss, muscle weakness, pain, or tingling in limbs.
Infections Fever, headache, stiff neck.
Autoimmune disorders Fatigue, balance problems, vision changes.
Neurodegenerative processes Tremors, rigidity, bradykinesia (slowed movements).
Traumatic injuries Paralysis, loss of sensation, cognitive deficits.
Vascular conditions Sudden weakness or numbness, difficulty speaking, visual disturbances.
Developmental abnormalities Delays in motor or cognitive development, abnormal reflexes.

Understanding the causes and signs of nervous system diseases is crucial. It helps for accurate diagnosis and effective management. If you experience these symptoms, seek medical attention for proper evaluation and treatment.

Diagnosis and treatment


Diagnostic measures are always required to establish an accurate diagnosis. The sooner you start with them, the higher the chances of detecting NS disease in time. Standard diagnosis involves:

  • Neurological evaluation: A comprehensive examination helps assess cognitive and motor functions.
  • Neuroimaging tests: Magnetic resonance imaging (MRA) and computed tomography (CT) scans. Such tests visualize brain and spinal cord structures.
  • Electroencephalogram (EEG): This method detects abnormal patterns indicative of seizures or other conditions.
  • Blood tests: Check for biomarkers or abnormalities indicating specific disorders.
  • Biopsy: Removal and examination of tissue samples for diagnosis. It is particularly in suspected tumors or infections.
  • Genetic testing: Identifying mutations associated with hereditary illnesses.

Treatment approaches depend on the specific nervous system disease and its severity. Doctors also consider the peculiarities of the pathology course and the clinical picture. Treatment is usually comprehensive. Standard approaches include the following:

  • Medication: Prescribing antiepileptics, immunosuppressants, or antidepressants. They manage signs and disease progression.
  • Therapies: Physical, occupational, speech, or cognitive-behavioral treatment are effective. They will improve function and life quality.
  • Surgery: Performing procedures address specific neurological conditions. Among them are tumor removal, epilepsy surgery, or deep brain stimulation.
  • Supportive care: Providing assistive devices and support groups. They help individuals cope with the challenges of a nervous system disease.
  • Symptom management: Prescribing medications for pain relief, muscle relaxation, or sign-specific interventions. They will alleviate discomfort and improve daily functioning.

Combining these diagnostic and treatment approaches is pivotal. Healthcare professionals can effectively manage NS diseases and improve patient outcomes.

Regulation of the nervous system

This process involves maintaining balance and coordination within the body. This intricate system controls various bodily functions. It is movement, sensation, and cognition. Understanding the mechanisms of nervous system regulation helps to maintain health.

Autonomic and somatic nervous systems

Let’s compare the autonomic and somatic NS. Check out the table:

Aspect Autonomic  Somatic 
Location Consists of nerves that extend from the brainstem. Also, it includes the spinal cord to various organs throughout the body. Involves nerves that connect the central NS (brain and spinal cord) to skeletal muscles.
Control Involuntary control. It operates without conscious effort. Voluntary control. It responds to conscious commands.
Function Regulates involuntary bodily functions. They are heart rate, digestion, and respiration. Controls voluntary movements. It is walking, talking, and gesturing.
Neurotransmitter Primarily utilizes neurotransmitters. They are acetylcholine, norepinephrine, and adrenaline. Communicates using acetylcholine as the primary neurotransmitter at the neuromuscular junction.
Response Time Typically, it operates more slowly. It maintains homeostasis and responds to changing conditions. Exhibits rapid responses to external stimuli and conscious commands.

Understanding the distinctions between the autonomic and somatic human nervous systems is crucial. It helps to comprehend its diverse functions and how it regulates various processes.

Regulation of neurotransmitters

This process maintains the proper function of the NS. Here are some critical aspects of neurotransmitter regulation:

  • Synthesis: Neurons produce neurotransmitters from precursor molecules within specialized cellular structures.
  • Release: Neurotransmitters are generally released from synaptic vesicles into the synaptic cleft. It happens in response to action potentials.
  • Reuptake: Transporter proteins reabsorb neurotransmitters from the synaptic cleft. They ingest them back into the presynaptic neuron for recycling.
  • Degradation: Enzymes in the synaptic cleft break down neurotransmitters into inactive metabolites.

Neurotransmitter regulation is crucial for the proper function of the nervous system. It ensures an effective bond between neurons and proper physiological responses to stimuli.

Factors influencing the effectiveness of regulation

Several factors influence the effectiveness of NS regulation. Among them are:

  • Genetics: Such variations can affect neurotransmitter synthesis and overall NS function.
  • Medications: Antidepressants, antipsychotics, and anticonvulsants. They can alter neurotransmitter levels and reuptake processes. These changes can enhance or disrupt the regulatory mechanisms. They impact the function of the nervous system.
  • Lifestyle: Sleep patterns, physical activity, and mental health practices. They can influence neurotransmitter balance and overall NS health.
  • Age: NS regulation may change with age. It happens because of developmental processes, hormonal changes, and degenerative conditions.
  • Health status: Neurological disorders, hormonal imbalances, and metabolic illnesses. They can disrupt nervous system regulation.

To maintain good mental health, it’s important to follow self-care practices. It is essential to set the boundaries of what you permit for yourself and those around you. Don’t forget about what gives you pleasure and rest!

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Edward Medina
Edward Medina
15:34 30 Jun 22
Just such an amazing staff that makes you feel like part of their family. I’ve been going there for over 5 years now... and each visit I get the very best care and treatments that I have ever received in the 20+ years that I’ve been dealing with severe debilitating migraines. Since i started seeing them the number of my migraines has dropped from 15-20 a month to 2-3 every 3 month. I highly recommend them …they will change your life!read more
Daneisha Johnson
Daneisha Johnson
22:20 19 May 22
Dr. Askari was very kind and explained everything so I could understand. The other staff were nice as well. I would... have gave 5 stars but I was a little taken aback when I checked in and had to pay 600.00 upfront. I think that should have been discussed in a appointment confirmation call or email just so I could have been more
Jean Cooper
Jean Cooper
16:54 29 Apr 22
I love the office staff they are friendly and very helpful. Dr. JODIE is very caring and understanding to your needs... and wants to help you. I will go back. would recommend Dr. Dr. Jodie to other Patients in a heart beat. The team works well more
Linda M
Linda M
19:40 02 Apr 22
I was obviously stressed, needing to see a neurologist. The staff was so patient and Dr. Ansari was so kind. At one... point he told me to relax, we have time, when I was relaying my history of my condition. That helped ease my stress. I have seen 3 other neurologists and he was the only one who performed any assessment tests on my cognitive and physical skills. At one point I couldn't complete two assessments and got upset and cried. I was told, it's OK. That's why you're here. I was truly impressed, and super pleased with the whole experience!read more
Leslie Durham
Leslie Durham
15:05 01 Apr 22
I've been coming here for about 5 years. The staff are ALWAYS friendly and knowledgeable. The Doctors are the absolute... best!! Jodie Moore is always in such a great mood which is a plus when you are already stressed. Highly recommendedread more
Monica Del Bosque
Monica Del Bosque
14:13 25 Mar 22
Since my first post my thoughts have changed here. It's unfortunate. My doctor and PA were great, but the office staff... is horrible. They never call you back when they say they will, they misinform you, they cause you too much stress wondering what's going on, they don't keep you posted. They never answer the phone. At this point I've left four messages in the last week, and I have sent three messages. Twice from their portal and one direct email. No response. My appointment is on Monday morning at 8:30am, no confirmation on my insurance and what's going on. What the heck is going on, this is ridiculous!I've given up... the stress her office staff has put me through is just not worth it. You can do so much better, please clean house, either change out your office staff, or find a way for them to be more efficient please. You have to do something. This is not how you want to run your practice. It leaves a very bad impression on your more
Ron Buckholz
Ron Buckholz
23:32 23 Mar 22
I was actually pleasantly surprised with this visit! It took me a long time to get the appointment scheduled because no... one answers your phones EVER! After a month, I finally got in, and your staff was warm, friendly, and I was totally impressed! I feel like you will take care of my needs!read more
Steve Nabavi
Steve Nabavi
16:28 16 Mar 22
It was a nice visit. Happy staff doing all they can do to comfort the patients in a very calming environment. You ask... me they are earned a big gold star on the fridge. My only complaint they didn't give me any more
Katie Lewis
Katie Lewis
16:10 10 Feb 22
Had very positive appointments with Jodie and Dr. Sheth for my migraine care. Jodie was so fast with the injections and... has so much valuable info. I started to feel light headed during checkout and the staff was SO helpful—giving me a chair, water, and taking me into a private room until I felt better. Highly recommend this practice for migraine patients, they know what they’re doing!!read more
Joshua Martinez
Joshua Martinez
16:02 10 Dec 21
I was scheduled to be checked and just want to say that the staff was fantastic. They were kind and helpful. I was... asked many questions related to what was going on and not once did I feel as though I was being brushed off. The front desk staff was especially great in assisting me. I'm scheduled to go back for a mri and am glad that I'll be going more
Isabel Ivy
Isabel Ivy
21:42 03 Nov 21
I had such a good experience with Lone Star Neurology, Brent my MRI Tech was so awesome and made sure I was very... comfortable during the appointment. He gave me ear plugs, a pillow, leg support and blanket, easiest MRI ever lol 🤣 My 72 hour EEG nurse Amanda was also so awesome. She made sure I was take care of over the 3 days and took her time with the electrodes to make sure it was comfortable for me! Paige was also a huge help in answering all my questions when it came to my test results, and letting me know her honest opinions about how I should go forth with my more
Leslie Luce
Leslie Luce
17:37 20 Oct 21
The professionalism and want to help attitude of this office was present from the moment I contacted them. The follow... up and follow through as well as their willingness to find a way to schedule my dad was above and beyond. We visited two offices in the same day with the same experience. I am appreciative of this—we spend a lot of time with doctors and this was top notch start to more
robert Parker
robert Parker
16:38 16 Apr 21
I love going to this office. The staff is friendly and helpful. The doctor is great. I am getting the best... neurological tests and treatment I have ever had. The only reason I did not give them a 5 star rating is because it is impossible to reach a live person at the office to reschedule appointments. Every time I have tried to get through to the office it says all people are busy and I am sent to a voicemail. If they could get their phone answering fixed, I would give them a strong 5 more
MaryAnn Hornbaker
MaryAnn Hornbaker
00:26 25 Feb 21
Dr. Harney is an excellent Dr. I found him friendly , personable and thorough. I evidently am an unusual case. ... Therefore he spent a Hugh amount of time educating me. He even gave me literature to further explain my condition and how to follow up. This is something you rarely get from your doctors. So I am more than please with my doctor and his more
Roger Arguello
Roger Arguello
03:05 29 Jan 21
Always courteous, professional. The staff is very friendly and always work with you to find the best appointment time.... The care team has been great. Always taking the time to listen to your concerns and to find the best more
Margaret Rowland
Margaret Rowland
01:12 27 Jan 21
I have been a patient at Lone Star Neurology for several years. Now both my adult daughters also are patients there. I... love Jodie. She is always so prompt whether it is a teleamed call are a visit in the office. She takes the time to explain everything to me and answers all my questions. I am so blessed to have Jodie as my more
Susan Miller
Susan Miller
03:01 13 Jan 21
My husband had an accident 5 years ago and Lone Star Neurology has been such a blessing to us with my husbands care.... Jodie Moore is his provider and she is amazing! Jodie is very knowledgeable, caring, and thorough. She takes her time with you, making sure your needs are met and she is happy to answer any questions you may have. Lone Star Neurology’s patients are very lucky to have Jodie providing their care. Thank you Lone Star Neurology and especially Jodie for everything you have done for us. Jodie, you are the best!read more
Windalyn C
Windalyn C
01:32 09 Jan 21
Jodie is wonderful. She is very caring and knowledgeable. I have been to over a dozen neurologists, and none were able... to help me as much as they have here. Thanks!read more
Katie Kordel
Katie Kordel
00:40 09 Jan 21
Jodi Moore, nurse practitioner, is amazing. I have suffered from frequent, debilitating headaches for almost 20 years.... She has provided the best proactive and responsive care I have ever received. My quality of life has been greatly improved by her caring approach and tenacity in finding more
Ellie Natsis
Ellie Natsis
15:41 07 Jan 21
I have had the best experience at this neurologist's office! For over a year I have been receiving iv treatments here... each month and my nurse, Bobbie is beyond wonderful!! She's so attentive, knowledgeable, caring, and detail oriented. She makes an otherwise uncomfortable experience much more pleasant and definitely puts me at ease! She also helps me with my insurance,ordering this specialty medication and dealing with the ordering process which is no easy feat.Needless to say, she goes above a beyond in every way and I'm so grateful to this office and to Bobbie for all they do for me!read more
Matt Morris
Matt Morris
15:39 07 Jan 21
Let me start by saying that I have been coming here for years. Due to my autoimmune disease, I am in this office... once every three weeks for multiple hours at a time. The office is very clean and the staff very friendly. My only complaint would be there communication via phone. They aren't the best at responding if you leave a voicemail and expect a call back. I understand that this is prob just due to the sheer number of alls they receive daily. What I can say I like the best about the office are the people. Bobby who handles my infusions is great. I never have any issues with her setting up my infusions. She is very quick to reply to messages sent via text and if she were to leave then my whole opinion of the office may change. I also enjoy people like Matt, Lauren, and Jodi. I appreciate all that they do for me and without this team I'm not sure I would be as happy as I am to visit the office as frequently as I have to. Please ensure that these folks are recognized as they are what makes my visit to this office so tolerable :).read more
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